St. Louis County Place Names, 1928-1945

Place name:Academy of the Sacred Heart
Description:A Catholic institution at 334 Taylor Avenue, established in 1872 on South Broadway. Moved to the present location in 1892. Cf. Sacred Heart Church, below. (CATHOLIC INSTITUTIONS (1911), 265; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), I. 443; II, 736; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Acme Heights
Description:In northern Central Township, north of Jennings Heights, and extends into the city of St. Louis. Acme is a Greek word, meaning "a point, height, summit." (PLAT BOOK (1909); Gannett (1902), 18)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Adams School
Description:An elementary school at 1311 Tower Grove Avenue. The building was erected in 1878 and additions have been made in 1895, 1899, and 1906. Cf. above. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOL, I (July 15, 1928); SCHOOL DIRECTORY (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Affton
Description:A post office in northern Carondelet Township, on the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad. Established in 1886. Named for Johann George Aff (b. 1834), a farmer and merchant, who came to St. Louis in 1858. He was a native of Germany and settled here in the early 1860s. (Postal Guide 1886 ff.; PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich; Thomas (1911), I. 401; II. 232)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Affton Heights
Description:In Carondelet Township. Named for the town. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Alderney
Description:North of Normandy. (Unsolved) (NAT. MAP (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Alexian Brothers Hospital
Description:A Catholic hospital for men patients at 3933 Broadway, founded in 1869, and affiliated with the St. Louis University School of Medicine. A new building was constructed in 1873-4. The Alexians, a religious order, originated at Mechlin, in Brabant, in the fifteenth century during the ravages of the black death. The patron saint of the organization is Alexius (d. 417), who served many years in a hospital at Edessa in Syria. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 279; St. Thomas of Aquin (1932); Devoy (1898), 229; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 11; CATH. ENCY., I. 307; CHAR. ORG. (1927); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:All Saints' Church
Description:An Episcopal Church for colored people at Washington Avenue and Twenty-second Street. It was organized in 1873. First it was named Church of Our Saviour, then Church of the Good Samaritan (Cf. Luke 10: 30-37), and finally the present name (for which cf. above) was adopted. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 689)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:All Saints Church [1 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at Sixty-third Street and Maple Avenue. It was organized in 1902. The Sisters of St. Joseph conduct the parish school that is attached to the church. All Saints is a feast of highest rank celebrated on November 1. It was instituted in honor of all saints, known and unknown. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 233; CATH. ENCY. (1903), I. 315; CATH. DIR. (1934-1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:All Saints Church [2 of 2]
Description:An Episcopal Church at Garrison Avenue and Locust Street, established before 1886. Cf. above. (Journal (1886-1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:All Souls' Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Overland Park, organized in 1908. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame is attached. November 2 is the day commemorating all those who have departed this life, but have not attained to perfect life. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 263; Thomas (1911), 225; CATH. DIR. (1937); LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), Nov. 42; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Allentown
Description:A post office in southern Meramec Township, on the St. Louis and San Francisco and Missouri Pacific Railroad's. Laid out in 1852 by Thomas R. Allen (1813-1882), lawyer, state and national senator, and railroad executive and owner, and named for him. Spelled Allentown in COUNTY ATLAS (1893). (COUNTY ATLAS (1893); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876--); Eaton (1916); PLAT BOOK (1909); Scharf (1883), I. 638-41; II. 1921; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899);Thomas (1911), I. 393)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Alt School
Description:A rural elementary school in western Bonhomme Township. Doubtless named for John Alt (See Altheim). (Russell (1932), (1937); Lee (1932)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Altheim
Description:A post office in 1886 and from 1889-1904 in Bonhomme Township. John Alt of Clayton said (according to Thomas) that John Alt, Sr. and Judge Christopher were the most active promoters when the post office was secured. Alt asked Wolff what they should name the post office and he replied that he would give it a name. Named for John Alt and Peter Zeigenhein, the common place-name suffix "heim" being substituted for "hein." (Postal Guide (1886, 1889-1904); Thomas (1911), I. 225, 257; SOIL SURVEY (1919)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ames School
Description:An elementary school at 1313 Herbert Street, established in 1873. Named for Henry Ames (1818-1852). (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Anglum
Description:See Robertson
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Annadale
Description:In Central Township near Brentwood Station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad (unsolved). (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Annunciation Church
Description:A Catholic Church on Sixth St., near Chouteau Avenue, founded in 1859. The building is a miniature of St. John Lateran: Annunication Church in Rome. It was damaged by the cyclone of 1896, but has been partially restored. Named for the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which is celebrated on March 25. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 119; LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), March, 450; CATH DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Antioch Baptist Church
Description:At Centaur. A Bible name, for the city where the disciples were first called Christians (Acts 11:26). (Thomas (1911), I. 390)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Antire Creek
Description:Rises in southern Bonhomme Township, flows into Jefferson County, then into the Meramec River. (unsolved) (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Arlington School
Description:An elementary school at 1617 Burd Avenue, established in 1899. (unsolved) (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Arsenal Island
Description:In the Mississippi River. Formed during the early part of the 19th century. In 1841 the head of the island was 300 yards above the line of Arsenal Street, from which it was named. Arsenal Street was named for St. Louis Arsenal (q.v.). It was occupied by a squatter named Morris. The island has since shifted its position down river. In 1866 it was purchased by the city of St. Louis for quarantine purposes and called Quarantine Island. The Supreme Court granted it to Illinois. (Conard (1901); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ascalon
Description:In northern Central Township on Link Road. A post office from 1897-1904. Ascalon (the form used in the Latin Vulgate, but spelled Ashkelon in the A.V.), was one of five chief cities of the Philistines, where Samson slew thirty men (Judges XIV, 19). Why the name was chosen for this Missouri town is unknown. (SOIL SURVEY (1919); Postal Guide (1897-1904)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ascension Church
Description:An Episcopal Church at Cates and Goodfellow Avenues founded in 1888. The Ascension of Christ is celebrated on the fortieth day after Resurrection or Easter Sunday, commemorating the Ascension of Christ into heaven. (Mark XVI. 19; Luke XXIV. 51; Acts 1, 2). (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 689; CATH. ENCY. (1913), I. 767)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ashland
Description:A town site laid out at the mouth of Fox Creek, on the northern bank of the Meramec River, by an adventurous real estate operator from Pittsburg. Lots were sold, but no headway was made toward building a town. Doubtless named for Henry Clay's home. (Scharf (1883), I. 164; Conard (1901)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ashland School
Description:An elementary school at 3921 Newstead Avenue, established in 1909. Cf. above. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ashley School
Description:See Hugo F. Buder School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Ninth and Sidney Streets organized in 1861, and a church was erected in the same year. In 1891 the parish was divided and a new parish was organized at Sidney and Salena Streets and named in honor of St. Agnes. St. Agnes of Rome (lived about 3rd century), was held in highest honor by the primitive churches. Both parishes have parochial schools in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph. The Assumption is a festival commemorating Christ's assuming to His heavenly mansions the body and soul of Mary upon her death, and is celebrated on August 5. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 121, 201-5; LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), Aug. 141-3; CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. ENCY. (1913), I. 214)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Atherton
Description:See Etherton
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Attucks School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils in Clayton, established in 1923. Named for Crispus Attucks (d. 1770), the colored man who lost his life in the Boston Massacre. (Russell (1937); Bracken)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Avery School
Description:An elementary school at Webster Groves established in 1870 as Tuxedo Park School, named for the subdivision. Named Avery in 1916 to honor E.M. Avery (1819-1903), lawyer and headmaster of Webster College. (Russell (1937); Goslin)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Baden
Description:A settlement made about 1862 north of St. Louis by a group of immigrants from Baden, Germany. Named for their former home, which is a province in southwestern Germany; also the name of a city in that state. A post office was established in 1867 and discontinued in 1876. Now within the city of St. Louis. (Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Hertich (1934), 18)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Baden School
Description:An elementary school at 8724 Hall's Ferry Road established in 1907. Named for the town. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Baldwin
Description:See Ballwin
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ballas
Description:A subdivision in west Central Township. Named for Ballas Road. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ballwin
Description:A post office since 1876 on Fish Pot Creek in eastern Bonhomme Township. It takes its name from John Ball, who in 1804 settled the farm upon which the town was subsequently laid out. Platted in 1837 by Ball. Spelled Baldwin on Colton's Map. The suffix-win is probably to be accounted for by association with the name Baldwin. (Colton's Map (1860); Postal Guide (1876--); Eaton (1916); PLAT BOOK (1909); Scharf (1883), II. 1902; Thomas (1911), I. 347; Hertich (1934), 24, 25)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Banneker School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 2840 Lucas Avenue established in 1873. Named for Benjamin Banneker (1731-1806), mathematician, surveyor, and astronomer. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Barnard Free Skin and Cancer Hospital
Description:A hospital at 3427 Washington Avenue organized in 1905 and incorporated in the following year. It was originally known as The St. Louis Skin and Cancer Hospital, but its name was changed in 1910, when the late George D. Barnard gave the building for the hospital. The purpose of the hospital is to study and treat cancer and diseases of the skin without charge. Named to honor its benefactor. (CHAR. ORG. (1927); Barnard (1936)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Barnes Hospital
Description:See Barnes Medical College.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Barnes Medical College
Description:Garrison Avenue and Chestnut Street. It was founded in 1892 by Drs. Pinckney French, Charles H. Hughes, and A.N. Carpenter. It was named for Robert A. Barnes, the noted merchant and philanthropist of St. Louis, who left a bequest of more than a million dollars to be used in founding and maintaining a hospital in St. Louis. Barnes Hospital was organized in 1914. (Devoy (1898), 233-4; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Barret's Station
Description:See Barretts Station
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Barretts Station
Description:A post office established in 1891 and discontinued in 1892 in eastern Bonhomme Township near Kirkwood on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Spelled Barret's Station in Goodwin. Named for the Barrett family. (Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1891-1892); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), 232; Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Barry's Tavern
Description:In Central Township. A tavern in 1860 and would not be in Wellston on Easton Avenue. (unsolved). (Colton's Map Missouri (1860); Hertich; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bartold
Description:Henry or Frederick Bartold settled here in 1830 and his home was known as Bartold's Inn. In 1876 the post office was known as Valley; from 1886-1891 as Bartold Valley; and from 1891-1904 when it was discontinued as Bartold. Now a part of Maplewood. (Postal Guide (1876-1904); Thomas (1911), 225; Hertich (1934), 22)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bartold Valley
Description:See Bartold
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bartold Valley School
Description:Named for its location. The name was shortened to Valley School. It is now Maplewood High School, from the name of the town (q.v.). (Thomas (1911), 333)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bartold's Inn
Description:See Bartold
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bates Branch
Description:A branch of Wild Horse Creek in Meramec Township. Named for the Adam Bates family, who lived on it. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bates School
Description:An elementary school at 1912 N. Prairie Avenue, established in 1916. Named for Edward Bates (1793-1867), a St. Louis lawyer who worked for free schools. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I. G-D (Feb. 26, 1922); School Dir. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bayless School
Description:Near the City of St. Louis limits in Carondelet Township. (unsolved). (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Beaumont High School
Description:A high school at 3836 Natural Bridge Avenue. For name, cf. below. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Beaumont Hospital Medical College
Description:2600 Pine St. In 1886 a building was erected at the corner of Sixteenth St. and Walnut St. The college was named in honor of Dr. William Beaumont (1785-1853), a distinguished surgeon and author of St. Louis. The teaching resources of this college include Alexian Brothers' Hospital, St. Mary's Infirmiry, and the Missouri Pacific Hospital. This school merged with Washington University. (Devoy (1898), 233; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 125)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Beaverpond
Description:In southern St. Ferdinand Township. (unsolved). (COUNTY ATLAS (1838)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Beckville
Description:A post office in 1876 (unsolved). (Postal Guide 1876)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bellefontaine
Description:An early French village in what is now northwestern Bonhomme Township, near the Missouri River. Named, as the name signifies, for a beautiful spring or fountain which still exists. It was a post office from 1876 to 1904. At one time it was christened Hilltown because of its elevated position with reference to other settlements. Two water plants which supply St. Louis and St. Louis County with water are located here. (Postal Guide (1876-1904); PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertick (1934), 40)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bellefontaine Cemetery
Description:In the northern part of St. Louis upon a high bluff, near the Mississippi River. The largest Protestant cemetery in the city. The Bellefontaine Cemetery Association was incorporated under the name of Rural Cemetery Association on March 7, 1849. On May 15, 1850, it was dedicated. The name of the association changed to Bellefontaine Cemetery Association in 1851. Among the many prominent citizens buried here are: Governor Wm. Clark, General Sterling Price, Governor T. Fletcher, General Bonneville, Manuel Lisa, Thomas H. Benton, Governor John Miller, and General Frank P. Blair. Named for the fort. (Pitzman (1878); Devoy (1898), 268-270; Head (1909), 132-3)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bellefontaine Road
Description:From St. Louis to Fort Bellefontaine on the Missouri River. In the early part of 1800 it was called the "Great Trail," and was one of the first roads west of the Mississippi River. (Hertich (1934), 18-19)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bellefontaine School
Description:An elementary school in eastern Bonhomme Township. Named for the town. (Russell (1932), 1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bellemont
Description:A subdivision on Spring Ave. and the St. Louis Belt and Terminal Railroad now in University City. A descriptive name, the French for "fair hill;" all of this section is rolling and hilly. The prefixed element Belle is of frequent occurrence in the country with various suffixes, there being seventy-eight post offices which have this name in combination with descriptive suffixes. Spelled Bellemonte in Goodwin. (Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Stevens; Gannett (1902)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bellemonte
Description:See Bellemont
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bellevue
Description:A voting precinct in Central Township in 1911, but now an avenue in Richmond Heights. Probably a descriptive name; it is French for "fair sight." (Thomas (1911), 179; Stevens, Niesen)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Belmont Heights
Description:In Bonhomme Township, near Hillsboro and south of Valley Park (unsolved). (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bel-Nor
Description:A subdivision in Normandy. Probably coined by using the descriptive prefix "Bel" and the first syllable of Normandy. (Miller)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bel-Nor School
Description:An elementary school in Normandy established in 1926. Named for the subdivision of Bel-Nor in which it is located. The real estate company gave the site if the school would be so named. (Russell (1930); Miller)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ben Akibah Home for Girls
Description:A home for Jewish working girls at 3646 West Pine Blvd., organized in 1912. Akibah was the spiritual leader of the Bar-Kockba revolt against Rome in 135 A.D., and Ben Akibah in Hebrew means "Son of Akiba." (CHAR. ORG. (1927); Keyfitz)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ben Avis Park
Description:A subdivision in St. Ferdinand Township, west of Jennings. Named for the Avis family. The name was probably modeled on the Scotch mountains Ben Ledi, Ben Lomond, Ben Nevis, etc., in which "Ben" is the Gaelic word for mountain. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ben Moshab Zekeinim
Description:A home for Jewish old people at 1438 East Grand Blvd., organized in 1905. The name means "The Residence of Old People." (CHAR. ORG. (1927); Keyfitz)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Benton
Description:A suburban district in western St. Louis. In the early 1850s Ringrose D. Watson made this subdivision and named it "The Glades." About 1852 when the Missouri Pacific Railroad was built, the station was named Benton in honor of Thomas H. Benton (1782-1858), the Missouri statesman. A post office was established at Glades in 1886. Doubtless named a descriptive name. (Postal Guide (1886); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 134)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Benton Barracks
Description:Temporary military quarters during the Civil War, located on the west end of the St. Louis Fair Grounds. No trace of the barracks now remain. (Cf. above) (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 134-5)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Benton Park
Description:In south St. Louis bound by Arsenal and Wyoming Streets and Wisconsin and Jefferson Avenues. (Cf. above) (Pitzman (1878); Devoy (1898), 93; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 135)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Benton School
Description:An elementary school at 2847 N. Kingshighway Blvd. This school, the third public school in St. Louis, was opened in January, 1842 at Sixth and St. Charles Sts. In 1871 it was moved to Ninth and Locust Sts., in 1888 to temporary quarters at Natural Bridge and Williams Place, and in 1894 to the present location. Named for Thomas H. Benton (1782-1858), Missouri senator (1820-1850) and secretary of trustees of St. Louis school board. The famous Democratic statesman did much to promote education. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); Scharf (1883), I. 839; Lange (1930); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); St. L. SCHOOLS, I. (G-D, March 12, 1922); II. (S-T, Nov. 12, 1935); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Berkeley
Description:This place was first known as Kinlock (unsolved), a post office established in 1893 and discontinued in 1928 on the Wabash Railroad two miles west of Ferguson. Just south of it grew up a negro settlement, and named from it, S. Kinlcok Park, a post office since 1924. The white residents of Kinlock changed the name to Nuroad to distinguish it from S. Kinlock Park. The post office name was changed in 1928 to Nuroad, a phonetic spelling of Newroad, because a new road ran through the town. On July 30, 1937, the town of Nuroad was incorporated as Berkeley. Berkeley Acres was the name of the subdivision from which it took its name. (Postal Guide (1893--); PLAT BOOK (1909); HIGHWAYS (1930); McDermott; Stevens; newspaper clipping pasted in Thomas (1911); MISSOURI HIST. SOC. LIBRARY, ST. LOUIS)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Berkeley Acres
Description:See Berkeley
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bete Creek
Description:A stream in the southern part of St. Louis County, about which nothing could be learned. Bete is the French word for "Beast" but why so used here could not be discovered. (Colton's MAP 1860)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bethania Church
Description:An Evangelical Church, organized in 1869, at Twentythird and Wash Streets. The Bethania Cemetery is on St. Charles Road and the Wabash Railroad. Bethany is a Bible name (Matthew 21:17) meaning "house of unripe dates." It was the scene of the raising of Lazarus (John 11:18). In the Vulgate Latin version and the German version of Luther, the name appears in the form Bethania. Now located on Red Bud Ave. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 702-3; Thomas (1911), 142; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bethel Cemetery
Description:In Meramec Township. The first burial was on June 16, 1854. A favorite Bible name (Genesis 28:19): the site of Jacob's dream. (Scharf (1883) II. 1931)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bethel Church
Description:A German Methodist Church at Jefferson Ave. and Accomac St., organized in 1843. The first building was on Columbus St., between Lesperance and Picotte Sts. and was completed in 1848. In 1858 a new building was started at Eighth St. and Soulard and in 1860 it was dedicated. When it burned in 1891, a building was erected at the present address and the name was changed to Memorial Church, for what reason is unknown. This building was destroyed by the tornado in 1896, but was rebuilt in 1897. For name, cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1466)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bethel Mission
Description:300 North Commercial St. It was organized October 30, 1868, to provide for the temporal and spiritual welfare of rivermen and their families and to carry on Sabbath-school work among the neglected. Here the term "Bethel" has the special sense of a seamen's church or chapel, whether afloat or ashore (Cf. Webster's Dict.). Evidently does not exist today. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 144- 6)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bethesda Church
Description:A German Evangelical Church at Hoffmeister Heights, organized in 1908. It has a parochial school of the same name attached. A Bible name meaning "house of mercy," a pool in Jerusalem (John 5:2). This church was not listed in the 1922 ST. LOUIS DIR. (Thomas (1911), 142; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bethesda Homes
Description:A home for aged was established by Mrs. Roger Hayne in 1889 on Russell Ave. near Compton. The Bethesda Home for Old People is now at 3120 Lafayette Ave. In 1892 the infants were transferred to The Soulard Mansion at the corner of Twelfth and Soulard Sts., which in 1895 took the name, Bethesda Foundling's Home and moved to the corner of Hickory and Gratiot Streets. A new home for foundlings was built at 3651 Vista Ave. in 1898. The Bethesda Maternity Home was established in 1892 at 1814 Schild Ave. In October, 1893, it was moved to 1210 Grattan St. Bethesda Home for Incurables was built at 3645 Vista in 1900. Cf. above. (REPORT OF BETHESDA (1901); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 146; CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bethlehem (Bohemian) Mission
Description:A Congregational mission on Allen Ave. and Thirteenth St., organized before 1893. (Cf. above). (REPORT OF CONGREGATIONAL (1893), (1896); Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bethlehem Cemetery
Description:At northern boundary of St. Louis City. Named for the birthplace of Jesus (Matthew 2:1): the name means "house of bread." (NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bethlehem Church
Description:An Evangelical Church at 5601 Southwest Ave., organized in 1891. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 704; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Big Bend
Description:A voting precinct in Central Township. Named for Big Bend Road which led to a big bend in the Meramec River. Thomas (1911), 179; Hertich; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Big Mound
Description:This famous Indian mound was an old landmark which stood at the corner of Mound Street and Broadway. It was entirely cut down in 1869. It was also called La Butte de Terre (French for the Mound of Earth), to distinguish it from other mounds, and La Grange de Terre (French for Earth Barn). Cf. "Mound City" as a title for St. Louis (q.v.). (Head (1909), 19, 20; Reveille (August 21, 1848); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bishop Robertson Hall
Description:A boarding and day school for young ladies established in 1874 by the Sisters of the Good Shepherd under the auspices of the Protestant Episcopal Church. At first it was conducted at 1532 Washington Ave.; moved to Park Ave. in 1877; and to the residence of James B. Eads on Compton Ave. in 1887. Named for Bishop Charles F. Robertson. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 169)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bismarck Heights
Description:A subdivision in Carondelet Township. Probably named for Prince Otto Leopold von Bismarck-Schonhausen (1815-1898), a German statesman and founder of the German empire. (Thomas (1911), 141)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bismarck Heights Lutheran Church
Description:In Carondelet Township. A parochial school is attached. Named for the subdivision. This church was not listed in the 1922 St. Louis Directory. (Thomas (1911), 141)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bissell
Description:A post office established in 1896 and discontinued in 1902 in eastern St. Ferdinand Township on the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad. Named to honor General Daniel Bissell (1768-1833), who served in the Revolutionary War and was made military commander of Missouri and Illinois after the Louisiana Purchase. He built the cantonment at Bellefontaine in St. Ferdinand Township. Called Bissell Station in 1909 PLAT BOOK. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Postal Guide (1896-1902); Thomas (1911), 308, 309; Hertich (1934); Scharf (1883), II. 1856)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bissell Station
Description:See Bissell
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bissell's Point
Description:Now it is in St. Louis City, but formerly it was in St. Ferdinand Township; once the property of Captain Lewis Bissell (1789-1869), of the U.S. Infantry. The St. Louis water works, begun in 1867 and completed in 1870, were located here. (Thomas (1911), 308; Scharf (1883), I. 355, 356)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Black Jack
Description:A post office established in 1876 and discontinued in 1904, in St. Ferdinand Township, east of Florissant. Named for black jack oak trees which grow here. In the early 1840s three large black jack trees stood at the intersection of Parker and Old Hall's Ferry Roads. This species of American oak is usually small and scrubby, so these large ones soon became popular as a shelter from the heat, a rendezvous, and a measure of distance. Spelled Blackjack in 1897 Postal Guide. (Postal Guide (1876-1904); PLAT BOOK (1909); Scharf (1883), II. 1897; Thomas (1911), 311 ff.)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Black Jack Lutheran Church
Description:At Black Jack, in St. Ferdinand Township in 1911. A parochial school and a cemetery were attached. (Thomas (1911), 313)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Blair School
Description:An elementary school at 2707 Rauschenbach Ave., established in 1882. Named for Frank P. Blair (1821-1875), lawyer and soldier. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS I. G.D. (March 18, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Blewett High School
Description:A high school at 5351 Enright Ave., established in 1905. Named for Ben Blewett (1856- 1917), superintendent of schools (1908-1917). (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I. (G-D, March 5, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1838-9) (This school no longer exists. I believe it merged with another city school (possibly Sumner) sometime in the 1950s. Pam, April 4, 1977)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bloody Island
Description:In the Mississippi River opposite St. Louis, heavily wooded. Named because of many duels fought here. The first important duel was Benton-Lucas duel, Aug. 12, 1817. (Devoy (1898), 32-35)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Blow School
Description:An elementary school at 516 Loughborough Ave., established in 1903. Named for Henry T. Blow (1817-1875), pioneer in the lead and zinc industry of Missouri, U.S. Commissioner to South Amereican countries, and U.S. Congressman. Susan Elizabeth Blow (1843-1916), daughter of Henry T. Blow, introduced the kindergarten schools in St. Louis in 1873. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, April 2, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9); DICT. AM. BIOG. (1930), I. 392)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:B'nai Amoonah
Description:An orthodox Russian Jewish church at 1212 Academy Ave. B'nai Amoonah means "The Sons of the Faith." (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1130; Keyfitz)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:B'nai B'rith
Description:An organization of Bohemian Jews. They first worshipped in a house on Sixth Street. The name means "sons of covenant," referring to the covenant made with God (Gen. 17:11). (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); Keyfitz)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:B'nai El
Description:A Jewish Church at Flad and Spring Avenues. Emanuel and B'nai B'rith united to make this congregation. B'nai El means "The Sons of God." (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1128-9; Keyfitz)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bobring
Description:A post office from 1886-1904 on Lemay Ferry Road in Carondelet Township. Named for the pioneer family of which George Bobring, county judge, was a member. (Thomas (1911), 225; Postal Guide (1886-1904); Hertich; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bonfils
Description:See Bonfil's Station
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bonfils School
Description:A school in west St. Ferdinand Township. Named for the station. (Thomas (1911), 283)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bonfil's Station
Description:A post office from 1876-1910 in western St. Ferdinand Township, on Wabash Railroad, St. Charles Line, and St. Charles Rock Road. It was named for Dr. Bonfils, who lived in what was known as the Old Chouteau Mansion. The name was shortened to Bonfils. (Hertich; Postal Guide (1876-1910); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas, I. 283; Scharf (1883), II. 1897)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bonhomme
Description:An early post office discontinued in 1895 in northern Meramec Township near the Missouri River. Probably named for the creek. (Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876-1895); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Thomas (1911), 254; Scharf (1883), II. 1488- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bonhomme Creek
Description:A stream rising near the center of Meramec Township and flowing northeast into the Missouri River, in northwest Bonhomme Township. The name is French for "good man." Primm says the appellation was a nickname for Joseph Hebert, his honest, obliging, and good-natured disposition compelling this descriptive title. The name is certainly a personal one. It may have been one of the nicknames or "dit" names so common among the early French; cf. Fee Fee. Billon mentions Joseph Hebert to whom Laclede granted a lot in 1765 and also Francis Hebert called Belhomme (Houck calls him Francois Hebert dit Belhomme), who was killed in 1780 in what is now Forest Park. (Primm (1870), (1913); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Houck (1908); PLAT BOOK (1909); Billon (1886), 11, 200-1)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bonhomme Presbyterian Church
Description:At Chesterfield in Bonhomme Township. It was organized by Rev. S. Giddings, October 16, 1816, with sixteen members. It was the second Presbyterian Church established west of the Mississippi River. Disorganized in 1827, but reorganized November 5, 1828. The church stands at the junction of Conway and White roads and was erected in 1841 by James Sappington and John Baxter, under the superintendence of Judge Joseph Conway. Also called Old Bonhomme Presbyterian Church. Doubtless named for the creek. (Thomas (1911), 139; Scharf (1883), II. 1898; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bonhomme Township
Description:St. Ferdinand, Central, and Carondelet Township's form the eastern boundary of Meramec Township the west, the Missouri River the north, and Jefferson County the south. Named for the creek. (Scharf 1883)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bonita Park
Description:A subdivision in Carondelet Township north of Kirkwood. A name of approbation. Bonita is a Spanish word, meaning "pretty, graceful." (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens; Gannett (1902), 47)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Booker T. Washington School
Description:A vocational school for colored pupils at 814 N. Nineteenth St., established in 1909. Named for Booker T. Washington (1859-1915), Negro educator and founder of Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, Alabama. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bowman Church
Description:A Methodist Church at 4232 N. Grand Ave. It was organized in 1879, and in 1881 a small church was constructed and called "Water Tower." It was called "Water Tower" because of the famous, extremely ornate water tower in a court in the middle of the street at the head of N. Grand. In 1893 the building was enlarged and the name was changed to Bowman in honor of Thomas Bowman (1817-1914), Methodist bishop and educator. (Gould (1922); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1469)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Brank Memorial Church
Description:A Presbyterian Church at Page and Aubert Avenues. This church was not listed in the 1905 to 1921 Minutes of the Synod. (PRES. BLUE BOOK (1902), 51)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Breen School
Description:In Bonhomme Township north of Barretts. This school was not mentioned in the 1932 or 1937 directory of schools in St. Louis County. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bremen
Description:A community in north St. Louis. It was incorporated July 16, 1850. It was also known as New Bremen. Named for Bremen, a province of Germany, also a city in that state on the Weser River. (Hayward (1853); Hertich (1934)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Brentwood
Description:A station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad in southeastern Central Township. So named for Mr. Brent, who laid out the town. Also called Brentwood Station. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Brentwood Station
Description:See Brentwood
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bridgeton
Description:On Wabash Railroad in St. Ferdinand Township. The original survey of the town was made in 1786 by a Frenchman named St. Germain. It was settled by French and Spanish families. A fort was built for protection from the Indians. William Owens was in command of the fort and it was known as Owens' Station or Owens' Fort until its incorporation on February 27, 1843. It was also known as Marais des Liards (Cottonwood Swamps) from a marsh in that vicinity and as Villa de Roberts or Village a Robert, since the town was laid out by Robert Owens with Lieutenant-Governor Trudeau's permission. It was surveyed and platted in 1794 by Maturin Bouvet. It is the only city that still has a commons. (See Bridgeton Commons). The origin of the name Bridgeton could not be discovered; however, numerous places are named Bridge plus a suffix. It might be considered a stock name. (Wetmore (1837); Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1867--); Thomas (1911), 286 ff.; PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich; Scharf (1883); Eaton (1916)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bridgeton Commons
Description:At Bridgeton. It consisted of 1,000 acres granted to the town by the Spanish government and confirmed by the act of Congress in 1812. In 1852 it was leased to individuals for the term of 999 years, at rents varying from 10 to 25 cents per acre. Hertich says that Bridgeton is possibly the only community in the United States that still has a commons. (Scharf (1883), I. 1895; Hertich (1934), 34)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bristol School
Description:An elementary school at Webster Groves established in 1869 as Gray Avenue School and named Bristol in 1916 to honor B.I. Bristol (1833-1903), one of a pioneer family. (Russell (1937); Goslin)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Broscherts Addition
Description:A subdivision in Central Township one and a half miles northwest of Clayton. Named for the Broschert family. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Brotherton
Description:See Sands
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Brousan
Description:In southeastern Carondelet Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. (NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Brouster Cemetery
Description:On the Link Road. Named for the Brouster family of which Probate Judge Brouster was a member. (Thomas (1911), 89; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Brown School
Description:Established in 1850 and named James School for William James, who gave the school site. In 1881 it was known as Douglas School; so named for Benjamin Douglas, another of the organizers. A third organizer, James Brown, was honored, as the others had been, by having the school named for him. (Hertich (1934), 17; WATCHMAN- ADVOCATE, March 18, 1932)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Brown's Ferry
Description:In southern Carondelet Township on the Meramec River. Doubtless named for the one who operated the ferry. (Colton's MAP MISSOURI (1860)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Browns Place
Description:In southeastern Central Township. (unsolved) (COUNTY ATLAS (1878)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Brun's School House
Description:A school near Black Jack. It was so named for the numerous Brun families in this section. (MANUAL, ST. Mo. 1891-1892, 55; Earl C. Gray)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bryan Hill School
Description:An elementary school at 2128 Gano Avenue, established in 1912. (unsolved) (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Buder School
Description:An elementary school at 5319 Landsdowne Avenue, established in 1920. Named for Susan R. Buder (1847-1909), who owned a jewelry business and was active in child welfare. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I. (March 26, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Bunkum
Description:A settlement across the Meramec River from Glencoe. A satirical name signifying empty political oratory, ultimately derived from Buncombe County, North Carolina. According to a famous story, an early Congressman from North Carolina when asked by his colleagues to desist from a long and windy speech, replied that he was "speaking for Buncombe." (Scharf (1883), II. 1925; Thomas (1911), I. 391; Stevens; Breckenridge; Gannett (1902), 55)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Burroughs Country Day School
Description:A private day school in St. Louis County, which specializes in outdoor activities. Named for John Burroughs (1837-1921), American naturalist and author.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Busch School
Description:An elementary school at Holly Hills and Hampton Avenues, established in 1929. Named for Adolphus Busch (1837-1913), brewer and philanthropist. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-1939)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Butler Lake
Description:In southwestern Carondelet Township. Named for the Butler family who lived near here. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cabanne Place
Description:A section west of Kingshighway, north of Page, and south of Delmar, which was developed after 1877. Named for Dr. J.S. Cabanne who owned the ground on which it was located. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), II. 897)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cabaret Island
Description:Located in the Mississippi River between the Merchants Bridge and the Chain of Rocks; named for an early French settler Cabaret or Gabaret, as it is sometimes spelled. Also spelled Gabberet. (Eaton (1916)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cahn Station
Description:In southern St. Ferdinand Township, on the old St. Charles Line. Named for the Cahn family. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Calvary Cemetery
Description:A Catholic Cemetery north of Bellefontaine Cemetery and separated from it by Calvary Avenue. Opened in 1854. Originally it belonged to the diocese over which Bishop Kenrick, the founder of the cemetery, presided, but in 1867 the Calvary Cemetery Association was organized to serve all Catholics of the city. Named for the site of the Crucifixion. (Pitzman (1878); Devoy (1809), 270-271; Head (1909), 133; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), II. 158-162)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Camp Jackson
Description:A camp during the Civil War located at Grand and Olive Streets. Surveyed May 2-4, 1861 under the direction of General Frost, who was in command of the camp. It was the successor to Camp Lewis, named in honor of the great explorer of the West, Meriwether Lewis. Camp Jackson was named in honor of Claiborne Fox Jackson (1806-1862), governor of Missouri (elected in 1860). On May 11, 1861, General N. Lyon, Commander of U.S. Troops, ordered General D.W. Frost to surrender the fort to him and charged Frost with being a Confederate sympathizer. The surrender of Camp Jackson is depicted by Winston Churchill in THE CRISIS. (Devoy (1898), 50; Head (1909), 20-1; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 302; Thomas (1911), 103; DICT. AM. BIOG. (1932), I. 302)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Camp Miller
Description:See Jefferson Barracks
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cantonment Adams
Description:See Jefferson Barracks
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Carmelite Monastery
Description:At Eighteenth and Victor Streets. The Carmelite Sisters first came to St. Louis in 1863. In 1874 they built their present convent. The Carmelite Order, one of the mendicant orders, was founded by Albert, Latin patriarch of Jerusalem, in 1209, who founded a community of hermits on Mount Carmel, and affirmed that in a vision he had seen Elijah who urged him to continue and develop his old "School of the Prophets" (II Kings 2:30) established there. Carmelites assert that their order descended from Elijah. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 271; CATH. ENCY. (1913), III. 354; LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), Nov., 527)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Carondelet
Description:Founded in 1767 by Clement Delor de Treget, born at Quercy, Cahors in southern France, and living at this time at Ste. Genevieve. He obtanied a grant from St. Ange and built a stone house here. The village was first known as Delor's Village. Afterwards it was known as Catalan's Prairie, so named for Louis Catalan, an early settler. Later it was called Louisbourg, probably honoring Louis XVI, the king of France (1774-1793). It is said that shortly after the territory passed from French to Spanish hands, Treget wished to have his commission as captain of the militia renewed. Since he was a Frenchman and Baron de Carondelet, the governor general of Louisiana, was in Spanish service, he feared that the commission might be refused him, so he flattered Carondelet by naming the village for him and received his commission. Don Francisco Luis Hector, Baron de Carondelet (1748-1807) was born at Noyelles, Flanders. He married into an influential Spanish family and became an officer in the Spanish army. He became governor and intendant of the provinces of Louisiana and West Florida in 1792. In early days the village was given the sobriquet Vide Poche (French for "Empty Pocket"), because the inhabitants were said to have been poor. Carondelet citizens had to buy flour from St. Louis, and often they could not pay for it--for their pockets were empty. Another explanation of the nickname was this: In French the adjective always follows the noun, so "vide" must be a verb and the name would mean "Empties Pocket," conveying the idea that it was a place where the pockets of those visiting would be emptied. The inhabitants of Carondelet were noted for their hospitality and fondness for all kinds of sports and amusements. The St. Louis visitors would return home with emptied pockets--the Carondelet men may have had fleeter horses or have been more skillful card players. When a St. Louisan was asked to visit Carondelet on Sunday afternoon, he would reply, "A quoi sert, c'est un vide poche." (Meaning, "Of what use, it is a place that empties pocket"). Vide Poche was Anglicized and became "Wheat Bush." Another nickname applied to Carondelet was Pain de Sucre, the French for "sugar-loaf," or "cake of sugar." The petition for the incorporation of the town of St. Louis in 1809 gave as the southeast landmark Sugar-loaf-"thence due south until it comes to the Sugar-loaf, thence due east to the Mississippi." Sugar loaf must have been a hill or an Indian mound that resembled a sugar-loaf in shape, and since it is at the southern boundary of St. Louis it must have been quite near Carondelet, or near enough to give the village the name, Pain de Sucre. Carondelet was incorporated in 1832, merged with the First Ward of St. Louis under the name South St. Louis in 1860, and annexed to St. Louis in 1870. (Wetmore (1837); Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Hertich (1934), 5; EWT; Houck (1908); Brown (1817); Primm (1870), (1913); Dict. Am. Biog. (1930), III. 508; Gill; McDermott; Billon (1888), 21)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Carondelet Commons
Description:In northeastern Carondelet Township along the Mississippi River. Named for the village. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Carondelet Park
Description:The largest park in the southern part of the city. Purchased in 1875. So named because of its location in southern St. Louis, formerly called Carondelet. (Pitzman (1878); PLEASURE RESORTS (1881), 12; Devoy (1898), 93; Head (1909), 92)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Carondelet School
Description:An elementary school at 8221 Minnesota Avenue, established in 1871. Named for the town, Carondelet, which is now incorporated with St. Louis. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Carondelet Township
Description:The southernmost Township of St. Louis County. The boundaries are as follows: on the north Central Township and St. Louis, on the east the Mississippi River, on the south the Meramec River, and on the west Bonhomme Township. Settlement began when the county was under Spanish rule. Named for the old village. (Campbell (1874); Scharf (1883), II. 1925; PLAT BOOK (1909); NAT. MAP (1930); R.M. ATLAS (1938)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Carr Lane School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 2308 Carr Street. Named for William Carr Lane (1789-1863), physician and the first mayor of St. Louis. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I. G-D (June 19, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Carr Park
Description:Bound by Sixteenth, Seventeenth, Wash, and Carr Streets. Presented to the city in 1842 by William C. Carr. Cf. below. (PLEASURE RESORTS (1881); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 313)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Carr School
Description:An elementary school at 1421 Carr Street, established in 1908. Named for William Chiles Carr (1783-1851), lawyer, judge, and member of first Board of Education. (ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I. G-D (April 8, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Carson Heights
Description:In northern Central Township. Named for the Carson family, who had a store and blacksmith shop here. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Carsonville
Description:In northern Central Township on the electric car line. Named from Carson Heights. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Castello
Description:A post office from 1890 to 1902 in Bonhomme Township on the Rock Island Railroad. Probably named for Charles Castello (1839--), a public spirited citizen of St. Louis County, mayor of St. Ferdinand in 1865, and public administrator in St. Louis County in 1883. (Thomas (1911), I. 305; Postal Guide (1890-1902); Scharf (1883), II. 1888)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Castlewood
Description:A post office was established in 1921 and discontinued in 1933, in eastern Bonhomme Township, on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. A descriptive name. (Postal Guide (1921-1933); PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Catalan's Ford
Description:In early days on the Meramec River in Carondelet Township, and one of the terminals of the Lemay Ferry Road. Named for Louis Catalan, an early settler. (Hertich (1934), 5; McDermott)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Catalan's Prairie
Description:See Carondelet
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Catherine Springer Home
Description:A home for business women and students at 220 North Spring Ave., organized in 1919; a branch of St. Louis Women's Christian Association. Named to honor Mrs. Catherine N. Springer, for many years president of the association. (CHAR. ORG. (1927); Pogue)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Catholic Protectorate
Description:Founded in 1782 on a large tract of land (about 320 acres) near Glencoe, and principally maintained by the Catholics of St. Louis. The Catholic brothers cultivated about 200 acres. (Thomas (1911), 390)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Caulks Creek
Description:Rising in eastern Meramec Township and flowing north into Bonhomme Creek in northeastern Meramec Township. Named for the Caulk family who lived here. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cedar Grove
Description:Residence of Judge Peregrine Tippett, who settled here in 1835. Now owned by Miss Stella Barker, clerk of the St. Louis Court of Appeals. A descriptive name. (Scharf (1883), II. 1927; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Centauk
Description:See Centaur
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Centaur Station
Description:A post office since 1892 in northwestern Meramec Township. Misspelled Centauk in PLAT BOOK (1909). Named for the Centaur Lime Company which is located here. A centaur was a fabled creature, half-man and half-horse. (Postal Guide (1892--); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 390; Breckenridge)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Centenary Church
Description:A Methodist Church at Pine and Sixteenth Sts. In 1839 a Methodist congregation at Fourth and Washington decided to celebrate the centennial of the founding of Methodism by building a new church. Little headway was made and it was not until 1842 that the new building was constructed at Broadway and Pine. In 1869 the building at the present location was begun. The name "Methodist" goes back to 1727, when the religious society at the University of Oxford, organized by John and Charles Wesley and George Whitfield, was so nicknamed by their fellow students. 1739 was the year during which Wesley inaugurated open-air preaching, which marked the beginning of the sect. (Snow (1908), I. 81; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1464; St. Louis POST- DISPATCH, Feb. 28, 1939; Miss Elliott's thesis)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Center Creek
Description:Rising in western St. Ferdinand Township and flowing into Fee Fee Creek. Named for its location. (PLAT BOOK 1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Centerton
Description:See Central
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Centerton Village
Description:See Central
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Central
Description:A post office from 1837 to 1904, in Central Township, on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Called Centerton Village in Goodwin (1867), and Centerton in the PLAT BOOK (1909). All three are names of location. (Goodwin (1867); Wetmore (1837); Hayward (1853); Postal Guide (1876-1904); PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Central Church
Description:A Presbyterian Church organized in 1845 at Sixth and St. Charles Streets, moved to Lucas and Garrison Avenues, and later to the outskirts of the city. Named for its location. (PRES. BLUE BOOK (1902); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1806)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Central German Lutheran Church
Description:At Stratman in Central Township. There is a parochial school attached. Named from the Township. (Thomas (1911), 142)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Central High School
Description:A high school at 3616 N. Garrison Avenue. It was established in 1852 at Fifteenth and Olive Streets, which was near the center of the city at that time. In 1893 it was moved to a new location on Grand Avenue, opposite Windsor Place. This building was damaged by the tornado of 1927 and the student body was moved to the present building which was formerly Yeatman School. Yeatman School was named for James E. Yeatman (1818-1901), banker and philanthropist. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I. G-D (date missing); II. (Aug. 16, 1933); (Feb. 11, 1938); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Central Plank Road
Description:See Olive Street Road
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Central School [1 of 2]
Description:An elementary school in Ferguson. Named in 1928 for its location. (Russell (1932), (1937); McCluer)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Central School [2 of 2]
Description:An elementary school in Ferguson. Named in 1928 for its location. (Russell (1932), (1937); McCluer)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Central Township
Description:Gets its name from the fact that it is central to and surrounded by St. Louis City, St. Ferdinand Township, Bonhomme Township, and Carondelet Township on the east, north, west, and south in the order named. Cf. above. (Thomas (1911); PLAT BOOK (1909); NAT. MAP (1930); R.M. ATLAS (1938)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chain of Rocks
Description:A natrual bed of rocks, extending from the Missouri shore of the Mississippi River to a distance of about 1,600 feet. In 1868 City Engineer Homer erected a dike from the Chain of Rocks, extending it out into the river, in an attempt to control the river channel, but the plan was abandoned before it was compelted. For that reason the Chain of Rocks was called Homer Dyke. Now the rocks are about one-half mile inside the city limits and are exposed only when the river is at a low stage. (Thomas (1911), 308; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 341) A later engineer was successful in his attempt to build a dike across the Mississippi at this point. It acts to control the river channel and actually does look like a "chain" of rocks. It extends from the Missouri to the Illinois shore just south of the old Chain of Rocks Bridge. This dike is what is commonly referred to as the chain of rocks today, rather than the natural rock bed. (Pam Lange April 7, 1977)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chain of Rocks Bridge
Description:Over the Mississippi River. It was opened July 20, 1929. (See Chain of Rocks). (Lange (1930), 50) This bridge was closed to public traffic around 1970 a few years after the completion of the NEW Chain of Rocks Bridge at I-270 approximately 200 yds. north of the old bridge.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chaminade
Description:In Central Township. Takes its name from Chaminade College which is located here. (NAT. MAP (1930); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chaminade College
Description:A Catholic College near Clayton on the west side of Denny Road near the Missouri Pacific Railroad, Creve Coeur Branch. It opened its doors in 1910 and is in charge of the Brothers of St. Mary, who were founded in 1817 by Ven. William Joseph Chaminade, D.D., Canon of Bordeaux, France. Named for the founder of the order. (Thomas (1911), 226; CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 285; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chapman
Description:In northeastern Bonhomme Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Named for the Chapman family. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Charbonier Island
Description:Island No. 98 in the Missouri River. Also called Mullanphy Island (for name see Mullanphy School). Charbonier is French for charcoal-burner. Took name from a coal-bluff (see La Charbonier). (COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Scharf (1883), II. 1893; McDermott)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Charless School
Description:An elementary school at 2226 Shenandoah Ave., established in 1895. Named for Joseph Charless, Jr. (1804-1859), well-known journalist of St. Louis. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, II (April 30, 1822); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chauvin's Ferry
Description:On the Missouri River near St. Charles. It was operated by Lafreniere Jacques Chauvin (1743-1826), officer in the French service, who was given a large concession on the Missouri River, opposite St. Charles by DeLassus. Spelled Chevins Ferry on Wetmore's Map. (Wetmore (1837); Hertich (1934), 9-10; Houck (1909), II. 20)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chelsea
Description:In southern Central Township. A stock name. There is a Chelsea in Massachusetts, Michigan, and Vermont, all named directly or indirectly for the town in England, now a part of London. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens; Gannett (1902), 69)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cheltenham
Description:A post office from 1867 to 1886. In 1852 it was called Sulphur Springs from its mineral springs, and was in the county; now it is in western St. Louis City. It was the site of the Icarian settlement, a socialistic experiment founded in 1857 and broken up in 1864. Named by William Webble, who built a country home there and named it for the famous watering place at Gloucestershire, England. When the Missouri Pacific Railroad was built, the station was named for Webble's home. (Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876-1886); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Scharf, I. 162, 164; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 355)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chesley's Station
Description:In southern Carondelet Township on the St. Louis and Iron Mountain Railroad (unsolved). (COUNTY ATLAS (1878)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chesterfield
Description:A post office since 1896 near the western line of Bonhomme Township. Lawrence Long settled here in 1797. It was once known as Drew's Station. It was laid out in 1817 (Eaton says 1818) by Colonel Justus Post (d. 1846), a graduate of West Point Military Academy, who served in the U.S. army during the War of 1812. Chesterfield potatoes were named for this place and have made it famous. The name is probably in honor of Philip Dormer Stanhope, Fourth Earl of Chesterfield, or from the town in Derbyshire, England. (Postal Guide (1896 ff.); Eaton (1916); PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich (1934), 39; Scharf (1883), II. 1929; REGISTER U.S. ARMY; Hertich; McDermott; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chevins Ferry
Description:See Chauvins Ferry
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railway Company
Description:This railroad originated in 1849. A number of lines consolidated to make the present line. It takes its name from three cities it was first built to serve. In St. Louis County this road runs north from St. Louis, across the Missouri River, near Ruegg, and into St. Charles County. (Scharf (1883), II. 1196-7; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1851)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chinese Cemeteries
Description:Near Olive Street and Hanley Road, for members of the Chinese race. (Thomas (1911), 89)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chippewa
Description:In St. Louis on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Chippewa, the popular adaption of OJIBWAY meaning "to roast till puckered up," referring to the puckered seams on their moccasins, was the name of a large tribe of Indians in Minnesota and North Dakota, but never prominent in history. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Hodge (1912), I. 277)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chouteau Pond
Description:See Mill Creek
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chouteau School
Description:An elementary school at 1306 Ewing Ave., established in 1894. Named for Auguste Chouteau (1750-1829), one of the first settlers of St. Louis. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS. I. G-D (April 23, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Chouteau's Island
Description:In the Mississippi River near north St. Louis. Doubtless in honor of some member of the famous old St. Louis family. (COUNTY ATLAS (1878)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Christ Church [1 of 2]
Description:An Evangelical Church at 3504 Caroline Street, organized in 1888. Named for the Savior. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 704; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Christ Church [2 of 2]
Description:An Episcopal Church at Affton, organized before 1905. Cf. above. (JOURNAL 1905- 1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Christ Church Cathedral
Description:An Episcopal Church at Thirteenth and Locust Streets. It was organized in 1819 at Second and Walnut Streets; in 1829 a church was erected at Third and Chestnut Streets. In 1839 this building was sold to the Baptists and a new building was erected at Fifth and Chestnut. It was sold and the new building was erected at the present site. In 1888 it was made a Cathedral. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 687-8; JOURNAL (1861-1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Christ the King Church
Description:A Catholic Church at University City. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Mercy is attached. Cf. above. (CATH. DIR. 1934-1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Christian Brothers College
Description:A Catholic college and high school at 6501 Clayton Road. It was established in 1851 by three Christian Brothers, Gelisaire, Peter, and Dorothy, who came from France where this religious order was instituted in 1860. They came to St. Louis upon the solicitation of Arch-Bishop Kenrick (1806-1893). The school was first opened at the Cathedral. In 1877 a thirty-acre tract at Easton Avenue and Kingshighway was acquired and a building completed here in 1882. In 1918 the present buildings were erected. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 284; Devoy (1888), 106; CATH. DIR. (1937); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, II. G-D (Feb. 22, 1931)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Christus Evangelical Church
Description:On Manchester Road, just outside Maplewood. A German church, organized in 1890. Christus is the usual form of Christ's name in German. (Thomas (1911), 140)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Christy Chapel
Description:A Methodist Church south of Tower Grove Park. The church was dedicated in 1894. It was named in honor of Calvin M. Christy, who gave to the Methodist Church the lot on which the church was built. (ENCY ST. LOUIS (1899), 1476)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church
Description:A post office in 1899 and 1900. (unsolved) (Postal Guide 1899-1900)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of Our Savior
Description:See All Saints' Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of St. Ferdinand
Description:A Catholic Church at Florissant. As early as 1792 a wooden church stood in the old burial ground at Florissant. It was named in honor of the patron saint of King Ferdinand V of Spain (1452-1516), who expelled the Moors from that country. St. Ferdinand was Ferdinand III (1200-1252). Until 1808 the church was in charge of priests of the St. Benedict order; from 1808 to 1823 the Trappists took charge; since 1823 the Jesuits have been in charge. A cemetery of the same name is attached to the church. A parochial school in charge of the Sister of Loretto at the Foot of the Cross is attached. (Schard (1883), II. 1889; CATH. DIR. (1937); HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of St. Louis, the King
Description:The first Catholic Church in St. Louis built in 1769 and blessed in 1770. It was so small and so carelessly constructed that on December 26, 1774, the settlers decided to build a new church, which was completed in 1776. Both these churches were on Walnut Street, between Second and Third Streets. In 1818 a third church was begun on the corner of Market and Second Streets, and was dedicated on January 9, 1820, but was never completed. In 1826 St. Louis was created an Episcopal See and the Right Rev. Joseph Rosati, C.M., was constituted its first bishop. In 1831 Bishop Rosati laid the cornerstone for a cathedral (now known as the Old Cathedral) on Walnut Street. It was consecrated in 1834. It is built on the only piece of property in St. Louis that has never been sold. The Old Cathedral is now surrounded by business houses. The parish maintains a parochial school taught by two Sisters of Loretto. The New Cathedral, Lindell Boulevard, Maryland and Newstead Avenues, was started in 1907 and blessed in 1914. For the name cf. St. Louis. A parochial school taught by the Sisters of St. Joseph and one lay teacher is attached. (Snow (1908), I. 57-63; Lange (1930), 173-5; CATH. REVIEW, IV. No. 1-2; CATHEDRALS; CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 39-41, 49-87, 223; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of the Annunziata
Description:A Catholic Church at Clayton and Cella Roads in Ladue City. Annunziata is Italian for Annunciation (q.v.). (CATH. DIR. (1934-1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of the Ascension
Description:An Episcopal Church at Cates and Goodfellow Avenues, organized before 1897. Cf. Ascension Church, above. (JOURNAL (1897-1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Description:A Catholic Church at Mattese, organized in 1839. A log church was constructed in 1843 and a brick one in 1848. A parochial school was in charge of the Franciscan Sisters, but now in charge of Sisters of the Most Precious Blood. Cf. above. (Scharf (1883), II. 1663; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of the Covenant [1 of 2]
Description:A Congregational Church at Maplewood, organized April 2, 1893. The building was erected in 1895. A Bible name (Hebrews 12:24). (Thomas (1911), 139)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of the Covenant [2 of 2]
Description:A Presbyterian Church at 2540 Grand Avenue, organized in 1890. Cf. above. (PRES. BLUE BOOK (1902), 62; MINUTES OF SYNOD (1905-1921)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of the Good Samaritan [1 of 2]
Description:See All Saints' Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of the Good Samaritan [2 of 2]
Description:An Episcopal Church at Washington Avenue and Twenty-eighth Street or Leffingwell Avenue, organized before 1886. Named for the sacrament. (JOURNAL (1886-1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 688)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of the Good Shepherd
Description:An Episcopal Church at 2823 Salena Street, organized before 1886. A Bible name for Christ (John 10:14). (JOURNAL (1886-1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 689)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of the Holy Innocents
Description:An Episcopal Church at Oak Hill, Morganford Road and Tholozan Avenue. It was organized in 1871. The name is derived from Herod's slaying of infants when Christ was born (Matt. 2:16-18). Holy Innocents' Day in the calendar is celebrated on December 28. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 689; JOURNAL (1897-1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of the Redeemer
Description:An Episcopal Church at Euclid and Washington Avenues, organized in 1892. Named for the Savior. (JOURNAL (1897-1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 689)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Church of the Sacred Heart
Description:A Catholic Church at Florissant, organized by some forty German families that they might worship in their own language. The church was completed and dedicated in 1867. A parochial school was established in 1866 in connection with the church. About 1870 another school was built, principally for boys. The school is in charge of the Sisters of Precious Blood. Instruction is in both English and German. A novitiate, the first branch of the mother house, was maintained by the Sisters of the Sacred Heart at Florissant from 1819 until 1847 when it was abandoned. The heart of Jesus is a special object of Catholic devotion. (Scharf (1883), II. 1890; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:City University
Description:See Wyman's School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Clark School
Description:An elementary school at 1020 N. Union Blvd. The first building was opened in 1846 at Seventh and Hickory Streets. The present building was erected in 1907. Named for William Clark (1770-1838), explorer and Governor of Missouri Territory (1813-1821), (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); Scharf (1883), I. 841; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I G-D, April 16, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Clarks Station
Description:In Central Township on the electric car line (unsolved). (PLAT BOOK 1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Clay Mansion
Description:In Central Township. Built in 1845 on the estate known as Old Orchard by the great statesman and philosopher, Henry Clay (1777- 1852). He occupied the place only three months, and some authorities doubt that he ever actually lived there. Now it is an outing farm for orphan children. A post office was established at Old Orchard in 1887 and discontinued in 1904. It took its name from an apple orchard that occupied the original site. (Postal Guide (1887-1904); Eaton (1916); PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Clay School
Description:An elementary school at 3820 N. Fourteenth Street, established in 1905. Named for Henry Clay (1777-1852), American statesman and orator. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Clayburn
Description:In northern Central Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Named for the Clayburn (more correctly Claiborne) family, prominent in St. Louis history. (NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Clayton
Description:Established as the county seat of St. Louis County by election December 14, 1877. Named for Ralph Clayton, an old citizen who donated one hundred acres of his farm for the new county seat. A post office since 1886, in eastern Central Township. (Postal Guide (1886-- ); Eaton (1916); PLAT BOOK (1909); Scharf (1883), II. 1911 ff.)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Clayton Heights
Description:In Central Township west of Clayton, for which it is named. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Claytonville
Description:See Price
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Clear Creek
Description:A stream rising in eastern Bonhomme Township and flowing south into Grand Glaize Creek. A descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cleveland High School
Description:A high school at 4352 Louisiana Avenue, established in 1915. Named for Grover Cleveland (1837-1908), president of the United States (1885-1889; 1893-1897). (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cliff Cave
Description:A village on the Missouri Pacific Railroad and the Mississippi River in southeastern Carondelet Township. Named for a cave nearby, which was frequented by the Indians. (Eaton (1916); PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Clifton Heights
Description:In Meramec Township four miles northwest of Allentown. Now a subdivision in southwest St. Louis. It is rather hilly, but the origin of the "Clifton" part of the name could not be discovered. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Clifty Creek
Description:A stream rising in Meramec Township and flowing into Meramec River near Eureka. A descriptive name. (See discussion of this Americanism "clifty" in Mr. Frank Weber's thesis, App. p. iii.) (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Clinton School
Description:An elementary school at 1109 Grattan Street, established in 1866. Named for George Clinton (1739-1812), statesman and vice president (1804-1812). (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, II (May 17, 1939); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cold Water Cemetery
Description:A cemetery about one-half mile from Old Hall's Ferry Road in what is known as the Sinks. Named for a creek. (Thomas (1911), 89)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cold Water Creek
Description:A creek rising in northwestern St. Ferdinand Township and flowing through the Township into the Missouri River. A 1767 map shows the name, Riviere de L'eau Froide, French for "River of Cold Water." The Spaniards called it Rio Fernando, Spanish for "Ferdinand River." The French also called it Riviere aux Biches, French for "River of Roebucks." The name St. Ferdinand is still given to the creek, which is the old name for Florissant. The name, Cold Water, is a descriptive one. (MISSOURI HIST. SOC. COL., V. 18-37; PLAT BOOK (1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); McDermott)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cold Water School
Description:A rural elementary school in northern St. Ferdinand Township. Named for the creek. (Thomas (1911), 123; Lee (1932); Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cole School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 3935 Enright Ave., established in 1931. Named for Richard H. Cole (1855-1927), St. Louis public school principal for fifty years. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Coleman
Description:A station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad in northern Bonhomme Township. Named in honor of Colonel Norman J. Coleman of St. Louis (b. 1827), agriculturalist, journalist, and cabinet officer. Spelled Colman in PLAT BOOK (1909). (COUNTY ATLAS (1878); PLAT BOOK (1909); Eaton (1916); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:College View Hill
Description:A station on the Wabash Railroad in St. Ferdinand Township. So named for the Ben Blewett College that was established here. (Scharf (1883), II. 1878; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Colman
Description:See Coleman
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Columbia
Description:In northeastern St. Ferdinand Township near where the Missouri River flows into the Mississippi River. There was a town here, but now farms cover the old town site. Named from Columbia Bottoms. (Colton's Map of Missouri (1860); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Columbia Bottoms
Description:From the city limits line to the mouth of the Missouri River will be found the Columbia Bottoms, lowlands, extending in a strip of variable width from the river inland to the bluffs, which make the west line of the Columbia Bottom Road. This land is subject to almost annual overflow, but is tilled by farmers, many of them of French descent. Columbia is, of course, a stock name, being found in every state; but the occasion for its adoption here is unknown. (Thomas (1911), I. 315)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Columbia School
Description:An elementary school at 3120 St. Louis Avenue, established in 1929. Probably selected as a patriotic name. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Columbus Park
Description:In Central Township near Gregg, and now a part of Brentwood. Doubtless named for the great discoverer. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Common Field of St. Ferdinand
Description:A large tract of land in northwestern St. Ferdinand Township, which was composed of parcels of land granted by the Spanish government to settlers in the town. These were each one arpent, or about 64 yards in width, and extended from Cold Water Creek to the Missouri River. By reason of their characteristic sociability, and for mutual protection against the Indians, the first settlers had their dwellings in town, and their farms were in this long narrow shape, so that when they went to and returned from their daily labors they were together, and thus were better able to defend themselves in case of sudden attacks. By an act of Congress in 1812 the titles to the commons and common fields were confirmed. These long, narrow tracts have mostly disappeared, or assumed form more in accordance with modern custom. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Scharf (1883), II. 887)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Compton Hill Church
Description:On Compton and Lafayette Avenues. Compton Hill Bible School started in March, 1881 as a branch of the Pilgrim Church (q.v.). The name was changed to Compton Hill Congregational Church and moved to the present location. Named for its location. (DIRECTORY (1893); YEAR BOOK (1933)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Concord Church
Description:The First Baptist Church in Carondelet Township. Organized by David Fines and wife, Eli Musick and wife, and Judge Joseph Sale. An ideal name. (Scharf (1883), II. 681)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Concord School
Description:A rural school in Carondelet Township. An ideal name. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Concordia Church
Description:An Evangelical Lutheran church at Kirkwood, organized in 1873. In the same year Peter Bopps erected at his own expense a building on Madison Avenue. In 1907 another building located at Taylor Avenue and Clinton Place was completed. A parochial school is attached. Instruction is given in both English and German. Concordia, which is Latin for the virtue of concord or brotherhood, is a name especially loved by German Lutherans, who associate it with Schiller's use in his "Lied vonder Glocke." Cf. Concordia in Lafayette County, the story of which is told in the place-name thesis by Miss Anne Atchison (1937). (Thomas (1911), I. 141; Scharf (1883), II. 1907)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Concordia Lutheran Church
Description:A German Lutheran church at Maplewood in 1911. A parochial school was attached. Cf. above. (Thomas (1911), I. 141)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Continental
Description:In Carondelet Township on Frisco Lines. Named for the Continental Portland Lime and Cement Company which is located here. (NAT. MAP (1930); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Convent and Academy of the Visitation
Description:5448 Cabanne Place. A Catholic institution in Cabanne. It was established by some nuns who were driven from Kaskaskia in 1844 by the flood and came to St. Louis. They opened a school at once. They erected a convent in the block bound by Cass Avenue, Mullanphy, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Streets. As the school grew the block was not adequate, so they erected the present academy in 1892. The Order of the Visitation of Mary was founded in 1610 and had its aim to secure the benefit of religious life for persons who had neither the physical strength nor the attractionm for the corporal austerities at that time general in religious orders. The term refers to the visit of the Virgin to Elizabeth before the birth of Elizabeth's son John the Baptist (Luke 1:39 f.), commemorated by a church feast on July 2. [This academy now has a branch in Town and Country Township on Ballas Road. Pam Lange April 4, 1977] (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 267; Devoy (1898), 104; CATH. ENCY. XV. 481; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Convent of Our Lady of Help
Description:A community of the Polish Franciscan School Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis at 3419 Gasconade Street. It was organized in St. Louis in 1901. A favorite title of the Virgin. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 265; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), II. 740)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Convent of Sisters of St. Joseph
Description:A branch of the St. Joseph Academy (q.v.) designed as a home for the aged and infirm sisters of the order, near Lemay. It was established in 1872. (Schard 1883), II. 1883; CATH. DIR. (1937); HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Convent of the Good Shepherd
Description:A Catholic convent at 3801 Gravois Avenue. Formerly it had been at "Father Celine's House" on Marion and Menard Streets, and at Seventeenth and Pine Streets, where the convent was organized in 1849. The object is the preservation of children from vice and the reformation of fallen women and girls. Also called the Good Shepherd Convent. Cf. The Church of the Good Shepherd, above. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 280; CHAR. ORG. (1927); HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), II. 738)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Corpus Christi Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Jennings organized in 1915. A parochial school in charge of the Ursuline Sisters is attached. The name means the "Body of Christ." (CATH. DIR. (1937); HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cote Brilliante
Description:This name was given to a tract of land about one mile square, subdivided, laid out, and dedicated in 1853 by Charles Gibson (b. 1825), a lawyer. It was then some distance from the city, but was incorporated into St. Louis in 1876. Cote brilliante is French for "shining hill." The name was applied to a farm on a hill before the subdivision was laid out. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); Scharf (1883), I. 611-614; McDermott)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cote Brilliante School
Description:An elementary school at 2616 Cora Avenue, established in 1904. Cf. above. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9); REPORT BOARD ED. (1929)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cote Jaune
Description:See Yellow Hill
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cotter Creek
Description:A creek rising in Central Township and flowing east into Joachim Creek at Victoria. Named for Dave Cotter, a blind man, who owned land along the creek. (NAT. MAP (1930); Bailey; Hoeken; Reppy)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cow Mire Creek
Description:Rising in St. Ferdinand Township and flowing north into the Missouri River. A descriptive name for a miry slough. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Crescent
Description:A post office since 1886 in southeastern Meramec Township on the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad. Rebel Bend, a great bend in the Meramec River, has given both its shape and the name of Crescent to this settlement. (Postal Guide (1886--); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 390)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Creve Coeur
Description:A post office in Bonhomme Township. Many stories exist concerning the name of this place. Thomas says it was named for an early French fort. EWT says that La Salle in 1680 built a fort on the Illinois River about 150 miles from the Mississippi River and named it Crevecoeur, probably in compliment to Louis XIV, in allusion to his capture of a Netherlands fortress bearing that name in 1672. The capture of this famous Dutch fortress, at the junction of the Dieze and the Meuse, which had been given this boastful name ("heart-breaker") because its defenders deemed it impregnable, was one of the notable events of the War with Holland (1670- 1678). As an aristocratic family name, Crevecoeur is well known in French history; cf. General Philippe de Crevecouer, marshall of France in 1492, and the American-French writer Hector Saint-John de Crevecoeur (1731-1831), author of the "Letters of an American Farmer" (1784). Doubtless this explanation of the name as borrowed, first from Illinois and then from France, is the correct one; but its transparent significance has stimulated many fanciful stories. Thomas tells the story of an Indian maiden who fell in love with a Frenchman who visited her father's wigwam and confessed her love to him. When she saw his astonishment and embarassment, she ran to a rock jutting over the lake and plunged into the water. Judge Wilson Primm, the narrator of many fanciful tales, tells the story of Alexis Lalands, or le vieux Alexis as he was usually called, who settled on the banks of the lake-- then very remote from other settlements. His wife visited in St. Louis and when asked how she liked her new home, she replied "C'est un vrai creve-coeur." (It is a true heart breaker) After that this epithet was applied to the community. Houck tells this story: In 1796 after a big flood of the Missouri River, there was much sickness in the bottom and among the first French settlers there. A large number died and the survivors abandoned the locality; hence the name. Others have explained the name as descriptive of the shape of the lake. These are interesting legends that have grown up about the place in an attempt to explain the name. (Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876--); COUNTY ATLAS (1876); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), 264 ff.; Houck (1908); Violette (1918); Hertich (1934), 40; Primm (1870)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Creve Coeur Creek
Description:Rises in western Bonhomme Township and flows northeast through Creve Coeur Lake and empties into the Missouri River opposite St. Charles. It has many branches. Cf. above. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Creve Coeur Lake
Description:In northern Bonhomme Township. Really two lakes; the one farther west is known as Upper Creve Coeur Lake. Cf. above. (Wetmore (1837); PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cross Keys
Description:This place in St. Ferdinand Township was settled in 1850 by Obermeyer. A post office was established in 1886 and discontinued in 1902. Spelled Crosskeys in 1897 Postal Guide (unsolved). (Postal Guide (1886-1902); Thomas (1911), 315)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Crystal Spring
Description:In southern St. Ferdinand Township. A descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Cupples School
Description:An elementary school at 4908 Cote Brilliante Avenue, established in 1917. Named for Samuel Cupples (b. 1831), merchant and manufacturer. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS I., (G-D, May 14, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Curby Memorial Church
Description:A Presbyterian Church at Utah Street and Texas Avenue, organized in 1873 (unsolved). (PRES. BLUE BOOK (1902); MINUTES SYNOD (1905-21)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Damonville
Description:In southern St. Ferdinand Township (unsolved). (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Darby Hill
Description:In eastern Central Township north of Wellston. Darby's Hill in COUNTY ATLAS (1878). Named for John F. Darby. (PLAT BOOK (1909); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Breckenridge)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Darby's Hill
Description:See Darby Hill
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Davis Cemetery
Description:A private cemetery on Telegraph Road. (Unsolved) (Thomas 1911)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:De Hodiamont
Description:In Central Township just outside the St. Louis city limits. Said to have been named for a Polish nobleman. Baron de Hodiamont. (Thomas (1911), 179; McDermott; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Deer Creek Branch
Description:A stream rising in west Central Township and flowing east into St. Louis City. It is the western fork of River des Peres. Doubtless named for the animal in the days when it was plentiful in this section. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Deer Creek Village
Description:In Central Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad now a part of Ladue Village. Named for the stream. (Highways (1930); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Delany School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 6121 Minnesota Avenue. The present building was erected in 1935. Probably named for Martin Robinson Delany (1812-1885), the first negro major in the U.S. Army. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9); DICT. AM. BIOG. (1930), IV. 219)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Delor's Village
Description:See Carondelet
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Des Peres
Description:This is thought to be the oldest white settlement in Missouri, founded about December 3, 1700 by some Kaskaskia Indians and French who had left the camp of the confederated Illinois tribes on the Illinois River. The name of the settlement was St. Francis Xavier, honoring the famous Spanish missionary. The settlement was called Des Peres, French for "The Fathers." The French settlers were of some Catholic order. This settlement was at the mouth of River des Peres and it is thought the first settlers found this region unhealthful, so moved across the Mississippi River to a prairie about 25 miles from the mouth of the Kaskaskia River. Its name was changed to Hathaway City (unsolved) and back to Des Peres in 1876. A post office was established here before that time and was discontinued in 1902. (Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876-1902); PLAT BOOK (1909); CATH. HIST. REV. (1919); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); Thomas (1911), I. 179)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Des Peres Presbyterian Church
Description:On Geyer Road north of Kirkwood, popularly known as the Old Stone Church, organized in 1833 by Rev. William M. Potts and Dr. Ingraham. The church building was begun in 1834 and was habitable, though not complete, in 1840. A cemetery is in the same church yard. Schard (1883) says the building was erected about 1832. Named for the stream. (Thomas (1911), I. 75; Schard (1883), II. 1708, 1913)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Dessalines School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 1745 Hadley Street, established in 1871. Named for Jean Jacques Dessalines (1758-1806), negro revolutionist of Haiti. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Dewey School
Description:An elementary school at 6746 Clayton Avenue, established in 1917. Named for George Dewey (1837-1917), admiral in the U.S. Navy. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Diamond Park
Description:A phantom subdivision one and a half miles northwest of Allentown. The name was doubtless given for advertising reasons. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Diecke
Description:In southeastern Meramec Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad (unsolved). SOIL SURVEY (1919); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Divoll School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 2918 Dayton Street. Named for Ira Divoll (1820-1871), superintendent of schools (1850- 1867) and founder of the public library system. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Douglas School
Description:See Brown School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Douglass School
Description:A colored school at Webster Groves, established in 1869. Named for Frederick Douglass (1817-1895), famous negro abolitionist leader. (Thomas (1911), 350; Russell (1937); Goslin; DICT. AM. BIOG. (1930), V. 406-7)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Dozier
Description:A station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad in southwestern Meramec Township. Named for the Dozier family. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Dozier School
Description:An elementary school at 5749 Maple Avenue, established in 1887. Named for James Dozier (1806-1878), farmer, trader, merchant, and steamboat owner. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (May 14, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Dr. Fry Memorial Church
Description:A Methodist Church in Clifton Heights, organized in 1888. Named for Benjamin St. James Fry, the long-time editor of the Central Christian Advocate. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), II. 1469)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Drake
Description:In southwestern Bonhomme Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Named for the Drake family. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Drew's Station
Description:See Chesterfield
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Dripping Spring
Description:At Creve Coeur Lake. A descriptive name. (Thomas (1911), 264)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Du Bois School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils in Wellston, established in 1895. Named for William E.B. Du Bois (b. 1868), a negro educator and writer. (Russell (1937); Bush)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Dumas School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 1241 S. Third Street. The present building was erected in 1931. Named for Alexandre Dumas (1802-1870), French novelist, who is said to have been in part of negro descent. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Dunbar School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 1415 Garrison Avenue, established in 1912. Probably named for the negro poet, Paul Lawrence Dunbar (1872-1906). (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Dutch Hollow
Description:See Hollow
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Dwyer
Description:A post office from 1886-1904 in Central Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Named for John Dwyer (1851-1896), a real estate promoter, who laid out Dwyer's subdivision as it was called. (Postal Guide (1886-1904); PLAT BOOK (1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Dwyer's Subdivision
Description:See Dwyer
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Eads Bridge
Description:A bridge across the Mississippi River, begun in 1867 and completed in 1874. It was dedicated on July 4, 1874. It was designed for both railway and vehicle traffic. Named for Captain James B. Eads, chief engineer. (Devoy (1898), 52; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 229- 233; Smith (1924), 783-786; Lange (1930), 50-2; Stevens (1911), I. 412-5)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ebenezer Church
Description:A German Methodist Church at 2600 Taylor Avenue, commonly known as the Taylor Avenue German Methodist Church, organized in 1886. Ebenezer means "Stone of Help." That was a name given to a stone set up by Samuel near Jerusalem to perpetuate his victory over the Philistines (I Sam. 7:12). (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1467)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ebenezer Church
Description:An Evangelical Church on McNair Avenue, between Pestalozzi and Arsenal Streets. It was founded in 1886. For the name, cf. above. (ENCY ST. LOUIS (1899), 703)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Eden Church
Description:See Mount Auburn Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Eden Church [1 of 2]
Description:A German Methodist Church organized in 1845 at Broadway and Montgomery Streets, where a small church was erected. In 1854 a larger and better church was erected at Thirteenth and Benton Streets and in 1883 a new church at Nineteenth and Warren Streets. Named Eden from second chapter of Genesis. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1466- 7)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Eden Church [2 of 2]
Description:An Evangelical Church at 5630 Page Blvd., organized in 1890. For the name cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 704)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Eden Seminary
Description:A Theological Seminary of the German Evangelical Synod of North America, one mile west of Wellston on St. Charles Rock Road. Founded in 1850 near Marthasville in Warren County, Missouri. In 1883 it was moved to the present site. Students are prepared to preach in both English and German. The institution has now moved to Webster Groves. Cf. above. (Thomas (1911), 281; Hertich (1934), 14)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Eden Station
Description:In Central Township on the Wabash Railroad west of Wellston. Named for the seminary formerly located here. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Edgebrook Station
Description:In Central Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad southwest of Maplewood. Named for its location on the edge of the River des Peres. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Edgewood
Description:A subdivision in northeast Central Township. A descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:El Camino Real
Description:See Le May Ferry Road
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Eliot School
Description:An elementary school at 4242 Grove Street, established in 1851 at Fifteenth and Pine Streets. The present building was erected in 1898. Named for Dr. William Greenleaf Eliot (1811-1887), member of the board of education and minister. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); Schard (1883), I. 841; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, II (S-T, Sept. 21, 1930); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Elleard
Description:This place was shown in Campbell (1874) at the western border of St. Louis, but nothing could be learned of it. (Campbell (1873)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ellendale
Description:A subdivision now within the City of St. Louis. Named for the eldest daughter of William L. Thomas (b. 1846), publisher of SCHOOL AND HOME and author of THE HISTORY OF ST. LOUIS COUNTY. (Eaton (1916); PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ellendale Home Place
Description:A subdivision of Maplewood. Cf. above. (Thomas (1911), 322)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ellisville
Description:A town on the western line of Bonhomme Township. It was settled by Captain Harvey Ferris from Kentucky in 1835. In 1842 James E. Hereford (b. 1850), a lawyer who came from Virginia bought the location of the post office and named it Ellisville for a post office in Virginia. The post office was discontinued in 1902. (Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876-1902); Schard (1883), II. 1927; PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 225; Hertich; GAZETTEER VA. (1904), 55)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Elm Grove School
Description:An elementary school in St. Ferdinand Township. A descriptive name. (Thomas (1911), I. 123; Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Elmwood Park
Description:In Central Township on the Chicago, Rhode Island and Pacific Railroad. A descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Emanuel Church [1 of 2]
Description:An Episcopal Church at Old Orchard, established before 1886. For the name, cf. Immanuel Church, below. (JOURNAL (1886-1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Emanuel Church [2 of 2]
Description:German Jewish congregation probably worshipped on Broadway between Washington and Lucas Avenue over a livery stable. This congregation united with B'nai B'rith to make B'nai El (q.v.). Cf. Immanuel Church, below. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), II. 1128; Keyfitz)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Emerson
Description:A station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad in western Central Township. Named for Mr. Emerson, who gave the right of way to the railroad. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911); NAT. MAP (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Emerson School
Description:An elemantary school at 5415 Page Blvd., established in 1901. Named for Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), American essayist, lecturer, and poet. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Emmanuel Church
Description:An Episcopalian Church at Webster Groves, familiarly known as Lockwood Church. The building was erected by Richard J. Lockwood (1808-1870), a merchant, at his own expense. It was built in 1866-1867. The church was at Old Orchard until it was removed to Webster Groves. Cf. Immanuel Church, below. (Thomas (1911), I. 139)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Emmanuel's Church of Central
Description:An Evangelical Lutheran Church at Central. Organized in 1844. A parochial school erected in 1888 is attached. Cf. Immanuel Church, below. (Scharf (1883), II. 1913-14)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Emmaus Church
Description:An Evangelical Church at Jefferson Avenue and Armand Place, organized in 1897. Named for the town near Jerusalem (Luke 24:15) which was the scene of one of Christ's appearances after the Resurrection. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 704; CATH. ENCY., V. 405; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Epiphany of Our Lord Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Smiley and Ivanhoe Avenues, organized in 1911. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Dominic is attached. Epiphany is a festival in commemoration of the visit of the Magi to Bethlehem, celebrated on January 6. (CATH. DIR. (1937); HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Etherton
Description:A settlement in northern Meramec Township. So named for the Etherton family who lived here. Misspelled Atherton in COUNTY ATLAS (1893). (COUNTY ATLAS (1893); Hertich; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Eureka
Description:A post office in southern Meramec Township on the St. Louis San Francisco Railroad and Missouri Pacific Railroad. Messrs. Strodt and Shands of St. Louis laid out the town in 1858. A motto name, which in Greek means "I have found it." It was adopted as the motto of the state of California under the inspiration of the great gold discovery of 1849, and probably the interest in California felt at this time inspired also its adoption as the name of the Missouri town. (Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876--); PLAT BOOK (1909); Scharf (1883), II. 1923; Eaton (1916)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Evans School
Description:A private school in Normandy established in 1910 by Miss Mabel Lawrence Evans, who is also principal. It was at first located on Union Blvd., but moved to Normandy in 1931. Named for the founder and principal. (ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, II (June 12, 1932)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fair Lawn Station
Description:In east Kirkwood in Carondelet Township, on the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad. A descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fairfax
Description:The home of Mr. and Mrs. James C. Marshall at Rock Hill and was modeled after and named for the Marshall family home, Fairfax, near Berlin, Maryland. It was completed in 1841. James C. Marshall was a son of Merrit H. Marshall, a carpenter who came from Maryland. (Thomas (1911)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fairmount Park
Description:A negro subdivision in St. Ferdinand Township, near Anglum. "Fair" is a prefix used frequently to mean pleasant. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fairview School
Description:See West Walnut Manor Public Schools
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fairview Station
Description:In southeastern Central Township near St. Louis. A descriptive name. (COUNTY ATLAS (1893)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Falling Garden
Description:A terraced bank below Mounds, now on the site of St. Louis. It suggested the idea of a place of assembly for the purpose of counseling on public occasions. The name is descriptive. (Barnes (1877)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Famous
Description:In southeastern Meramec Township on the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad. Named for the Famous-Barr Company, a department store in St. Louis, which owns a club house here used by its employees. (NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fanita
Description:In Central Township on the Chicago, Rhode Island and Pacific Railroad (unsolved). (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fanning School
Description:An elementary school at 3417 Grace Avenue, established in 1907. Named for Mrs. Rose Wright Fanning (b. 1844), principal of Pestalozzi School. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I. (G-D, May 21, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Farragut School
Description:An elementary school at 4025 Sullivan Avenue, established in 1905. Named for David G. Farragut (1801-1870), American Naval Commander. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Father Celine's House
Description:See Convent of the Good Shepherd
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fee Fee
Description:See Pattonville
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fee Fee Church
Description:A brick building still standing in Fee Fee Cemetery. The congregation was organized in 1807 by Rev. Thomas R. Musick, the first Baptist minister permanently established west of the Mississippi River. The church served the first Protestant congregation in the county and the second in the territory. The church was built in 1815 (Hertich (1934) says it was completed in 1829). The cemetery is 1/2 mile from Pattonville and two miles from Bridgeton. The first grave was dug in 1822. Three congregations, Mizpah, Bridgeton, and Fee Fee, buried their dead here. Named for the creek. (Hertich (1934), 12-13; Thomas (1911), I. 72 ff.)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fee Fee Creek
Description:A stream rising in Central Township and flowing northwest into Creve Coeur Creek in east St. Ferdinand River. Nicholas Beaugenou dit Fi-Fi (Fee Fee), came to St. Louis in 1764 with the first party of settlers. He spent his last years in St. Louis County, where Fee Fee Creek and Fee Fee Church and cemetery perpetuate his "by-name" or soubriquet. Most Frenchmen in the early days had these additional names (known technically as "dit-names"), which were the familiar nicknames by which they were distinguished from other members of their families. "Fi-fi" is an affectionate French diminutive formed by reduplicating the word "fils," son; it might be translated by the English "sonny." (Scharf (1883), II. 1896; PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911); ST. FERDINAND (1923), 59)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Feefe
Description:See Pattonville
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fenton
Description:On the southern bank of the Meramec River in southeastern Bonhomme Township. It was laid out by William Long, a fruit grower and farmer, who was connected with the Sappington family. In 1854 the first bridge across the Meramec River was built here. Named for a member of the Fenton family. (Wetmore (1837); Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876--); PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich (1934), 34; Thomas (1911), I. 408; II. 198-9; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ferguson
Description:In southern Ferdinand Township on the Wabash Railroad. William B. Ferguson, a native of Marietta, Ohio, arrived here with his bride in a covered wagon in 1845. The town was named for him. It has had a post office since 1876, and was incorporated in 1894. (Postal Guide (1876--); Scharf (1883), II. 1897; PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 290 ff.; Eaton (1916)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fern Glen
Description:In southwestern Bonhomme Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. So named for the many ferns in the hollow. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fern Ridge
Description:A post office established in 1886 and discontinued in 1904 in northeastern Bonhomme Township. Spelled Fernridge in 1895 Postal Guide. A descriptive name. (Postal Guide (1886-1904); PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fern Ridge School
Description:A rural school near Creve Coeur. In 1885 F.M. Wright donated the building site for the school. The building was erected in 1886 and named Wright School in honor of the donor. In 1888 the building was burned. Another building was erected and used until 1903 when it was condemned. A new building was erected on another lot and the school was renamed Fern Ridge School. Cf. above. (Thomas (1911), I. 255; Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Field School
Description:An elementary school at 4466 Olive Street, established in 1900. Named for Eugene Field (1850-1895), poet, born in St. Louis. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Finestown
Description:See Point
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fish Creek
Description:See Fish Pot Creek
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fish Pot Creek
Description:A stream rising in western Bonhomme Township and flowing southeast into Meramec River near Valley Park. Colton's MAP OF MISSOURI (1860) called it Fish Creek. (Colton's MAP OF MISSOURI (1860); PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Flat Creek
Description:Rising in southern Meramec Township and flowing into the Meramec River near Crescent. A name descriptive of the land through which the creek flows. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fleurissant
Description:See Florissant
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Floria Place
Description:In the western section of Maplewood. (Thomas (1911)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Florissant
Description:Authorities seem to vary in their accounts of when this village was settled. EWT says it was founded as a trading post and a Jesuit mission soon after the founding of St. Louis. Schard says the El Baron de Carondelet alluded to it in 1772 as a new settlement in the "district of Ylinoa by the name of San Fernando." Houck says that the date of the first settlement is not known, but that Perrin du Lac in his TRAVELS states that it was established in 1790 by some inhabitants of St. Louis. According to Houck the region was known as Florissant or Fleurissant long before it received the name of St. Ferdinand or San Fernando de Florissant. Violette states that the first settlement was probably made in 1785, and that Florissant is an abbreviation for the longer name San Fernando de Florissant. Thomas says that the village was known as Fleurissant in 1772 and was incorporated in that year, making it the oldest town in St. Louis County. Probably San Fernando or St. Ferdinand was the official name and Fleurissant the popular nickname (cf. St. Louis and Pain Court, Carondelet and Vide Poche), and later the two were combined. St. Ferdinand is, of course, the French form of the Spanish San Fernando, and Florissant is "Missouri French" for the correct French adjective "fleurissant," flowery, prosperous, or flourishing. St. Ferdinand (1198-1252), was king of Castile and Leon. The town has had a post office since 1830. (Green's Postal Guide (1831); Wetmore (1837); Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876--); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 296 ff.; EWT; Houck (1908); Violette (1918); Scharf (1883), I. 858; II. 1887, 1893)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Florissant Commons
Description:See St. Ferdinand Commons
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fontaine Jaune
Description:See Yellow Spring
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Forder School
Description:An elementary school at Mehlville established in 1932. Named for Sam Forder, lawyer, and Dr. Forder, who gave the school site. (Russell (1937); Bernard)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Forest Grove
Description:In Bonhomme Township on the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad and on the Big Bend Road. A descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Forest Park
Description:On the western border of the city. It was established in 1874 and is the largest park in St. Louis and the second largest in the United States. Formally opened June 25, 1876. In the park are a zoo, Municipal Open-Air Theater, art museum, tennis courts, baseball diamonds, golf links, soccer fields, lagoons for canoeing and skating, and Jefferson Memorial in which are houses the Missouri Historical Society and the famous Lindbergh trophies. Named because of its abundance of trees. (Head (1909), 87-89; CHILD'S GEOG. AND HIST., 7; PLEASURE RESORTS (1881), 12; Pitzman (1878); Lange (1930), 114-119; Devoy (1898), 88- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Forest Park Heights
Description:In eastern Central Township bordering the City of St. Louis and now a part of Richmond Heights. Named from the neighboring park. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Forsyth Junction
Description:The junction of the Missouri Pacific and Wabash Railroad in west St. Louis. Named for Thomas Forsyth (1771-1832), a prominent St. Louis businessman who owned a large part of what is now Forest Park. (PLAT BOOK (1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), II. 812)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fort Bellefontaine
Description:An army cantonment established in 1866 by General James Wilkinson, governor of the Territory of Louisiana, in northeastern St. Ferdinand Township. It was one of the most important military posts west of the Mississippi River until 1827 when the troops were moved to Jefferson Barracks. The cantonment was built by General Daniel Bissell (1768-1838), military commander of Missouri and Illinois after the Louisiana Purchase and the first commandant of the fort. The name, French for "beautiful fountain," was given the fort by French and Spanish traders because of a large spring at the foot of the bluff. (Wetmore (1837); Schard (1883), II. 1886; EWT; PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 263; Hertich (1934), 15, 20; REGISTER U.S. ARMY
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fort Charles the Prince
Description:A fort erected by Captain Francisco Rios, who came to St. Louis to establish Spanish authority in 1767. Rios was not hospitably received by St. Louisans, so he removed his men to a point on the Missouri River, near its junction with the Mississippi River. He abandoned the fort, not yet completed, in 1768. Named for the Spanish Prince who became Charles IV in 1788. This was the site of Fort Bellefontaine (q.v.). (Billon (1886), 53; Hertich (1934), 20)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Foster Academy
Description:See Wyman's School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fountain Creek
Description:Rising in St. Ferdinand Township and flowing into Cold Water Creek at Florissant. Doubtless so named because it is fed by a fountain or spring. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fox Creek [1 of 2]
Description:A stream rising in western Meramec Township and flowing southeast into Meramec River. Schard (1883) says that it was so named by an early hunter from Bridgeton who shot a very large fox there. (Schard (1883), II. 1926; PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fox Creek [2 of 2]
Description:In 1851 Fred G. Schulze, who settled here about 1838, opened a store and was appointed postmaster. The post office, located in central Meramec Township, was discontinued in 1896. Named for the creek. (Wetmore (1853); Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876-1904); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Scharf (1883), II. 1926; Thomas (1911), I. 390)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Franciscan Monastery of St. Anthony of Padua
Description:A Catholic institution at 3140 Meramec Street. The Franciscan Fathers arrived in St. Louis in 1862 and established a school which was raised to the rank of monastery in 1872. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE (1928), II. 262-3; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Frank Hamsher School
Description:A high school at Webster Groves, established in 1905 as Webster Groves High School and changed to the present name in 1926. Named to honor Frank Hamsher (1874-1924), former superintendent of schools in Webster Groves. (Russell (1937); Goslin)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Fremont School
Description:An elementary school at 2840 Wisconsin Avenue, established in 1897. Named for General John C. Fremont (1813-1890), explorer, soldier, and candidate for president of the United States in 1856. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, May 28, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Frieden Lutheran Church
Description:At Monroe and Harrison Avenues, in Kirkwood. A Lutheran church in Kirkwood. (Thomas (1911), 140)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Frieden's Cemetery
Description:A private cemetery on Lemay Ferry Road near Kassebaum's place. (Thomas (1911), I. 89)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Friedens Church
Description:An Evangelical Church at Nineteenth Street and Newstead Avenue, organized in 1858. A parochial school is attached. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 702)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Frisco Railroad
Description:See St. Louis -- San Francisco Railway Company
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Froebel School
Description:An elementary school at 3709 Nebraska Avenue, established in 1895. Named for Frederick Wilhelm August Froebel (1782-1852), founder of kindergartens. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gabaret Island
Description:See Cabaret Island
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gabberet Island
Description:See Cabaret Island
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gallaudet School
Description:A day school for the deaf at 1616 S. Grand Blvd., erected in 1925. Named for Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet (1787-1851), founder of deaf mute instruction in America. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gamble School
Description:See Laclede School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gardenia Place
Description:In Central Township south of St. Vincent Station. Doubtless given this name for advertising purposes. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gardenville
Description:A post office established in 1876 and discontinued in 1892 in Carondelet Township. Nothing could be learned about this place but the name is obviously descriptive. (Postal Guide (1876-1892); Thomas (1911), I. 179)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gardenville School
Description:An elementary school at 6651 Gravois Avenue, established in 1907. Named for the town. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Garfield School [1 of 2]
Description:An elementary school at Normandy established in 1906. Named for James A. Garfield (1831-1881), president of the United States in 1881. (Russell (1937); Miller)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Garfield School [2 of 2]
Description:An elementary school at 2612 Wyoming Street. Cf. above. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Garrett School
Description:A rural elementary school at Florissant. (unsolved) (Thomas (1911); Lee (1932)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Georgetown
Description:In southern St. Louis County. Named for George Aff. (See Affton) (Thomas (1911); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:German Evangelical Zions Cemetery
Description:A cemetery on the old St. Charles Rock Road. Zion is used in the Bible for a part of Jerusalem. (Thomas (1911), I. 89)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:German St. Vincent's Orphanage
Description:A German Catholic institution at 1421 Hogan Street. It was organized in 1852. The Sisters of Christian Charity are in charge. Not listed in the 1934-1937 CATHOLIC DIRECTORY. Named for St. Vincent, a Spanish saint who lived about 555. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 282-3; LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), March, 213)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gertrude Boys' Home
Description:At 3950 Washington Blvd., organized in 1908 and incorporated in 1914. A home maintained by the Gertrude Charity Society. A letter to this society was returned, so it must not be in existence. (CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gibson Heights
Description:A subdivision of western St. Louis; probably named for a prominent lawyer, Charles Gibson (b. 1825). (ENCY ST. LOUIS (1899), II. 895-6)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gibson Heights Church
Description:A United Presbyterian Church at Taylor and Arco Avenues, organized in 1903. Named for the subdivision in which it is located. (GIBSON HEIGHTS ANNIVERSARY (1928)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Giddings Memorial Church
Description:A Presbyterian Church at Sarah and Washington. This was the first Presbyterian Church and also the first protestant church in St. Louis. Founded in 1816 by Salmon Giddings (1792-1828), a pioneer Presbyterian clergyman, downtown on Pine Street. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), II. 897)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gingras Creek
Description:Rising in southern St. Ferdinand Township and flowing south into the Mississippi River near northern St. Louis City. Spelled Gingres Creek in PLAT BOOK (1909). Probably named for the Frenchman or Canadian who first settled here. (REVEILLE (Aug. 21, 1848); COUNTY ATLAS (1838); Campbell (1873); PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens; Houck)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gingres Creek
Description:See Gingras Creek
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Glades
Description:See Benton
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Glaizeaubiche
Description:A settlement in St. Ferdinand Township in 1860. Given as Glaizeau Biche on Campbell's MAP MISSOURI (1873). A topographical name referring to the soil. Glaize au biche is French for "clay of the roebuck." (Colton's MAP MISSOURI (1860); Campbell's MAP MISSOURI (1873)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Glasgow School
Description:An elementary school at Garrison and Sheridan Avenues. Named for William Glasgow, Jr. (1813-1872), manufacturer and commissioner of public schools. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, May 28, 1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Glen Echo Park
Description:In Central Township near Normandy. Given as Glen Echo on Highway Map. Named for the Glen Echo Country Club. (PLAT BOOK (1909); HIGHWAY MAP MISSOURI (1930); Thomas (1911), I. 222)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Glen Park
Description:A subdivision west of Webster Groves in southeastern Central Township. Doubtless takes its descriptive name from Glendale near which it is located. (COUNTY ATLAS (1878)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Glencoe
Description:In southeast Meramec Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Laid out in 1854 by Woods, Christy and Company. The original settler was Ninian Hamilton, who came here in 1803. Named for a pass or glen in Argyleshire, Scotland, where the massacre of the McDonalds by the Campbells took place February 13, 1692. (Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876--); Schard (1883), II. 1924; PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 390; Eaton (1916); ENCY. BRIT.)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Glendale
Description:In northwest Carondelet Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Its name comes from the many beautiful dales or glens in the surrounding region. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Eaton (1916)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Goodall School
Description:An elementary school at Webster Groves established in 1890 as Selma School, named for the street on which it is located. About 1901 the name was changed to Mark Twain to honor the Missouri humorist and in 1929 the name was changed to Goodall to honor Margaret M. Goodall (1872-1928), a teacher. (Russell (1937); Goslin)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Grace Church [1 of 4]
Description:An Episcopalian Church at Kirkwood, organized in 1859. The building was completed in 1860. Named for the Christian virtue. (Schard (1883), II. 1723; Thomas (1911), I. 139; JOURNAL (1861-1909); Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Grace Church [2 of 4]
Description:A Presbyterian Church at Wellston. See above. (Thomas (1911)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Grace Church [3 of 4]
Description:An Episcopal Church on Warren Street between Eleventh and Twelfth Streets, organized in 1844. Cf. above. (JOURNAL (1861-1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 688; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Grace Church [4 of 4]
Description:A Presbyterian Church at Ridge and Clara Avenues, organized in 1890. Cf. above. (PRES. BLUE BOOK (1902), 56; MINUTES SYNOD (1905-1921); Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Graham
Description:In south- central St. Ferdinand Township on the Wabash Railroad. Spelled Grahams on Colton's Map. Named for the Graham family. (Colton's MAP MISSOURI (1860); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); COUNTY ATLAS (1893); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Grand Glaize Creek
Description:Rising in Bonhomme Township and flowing into the Meramec River near Valley Park. Spelled Grand Glaze in COUNTY ATLAS (1878) and Grand Glaise on Soil Survey Map (1919). Glaize is French for loam or clay. It was distinguished by the adjective "grand" (big) from smaller streams. (PLAT BOOK (1909); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); SOIL SURVEY (1919)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Grant
Description:See Grants
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Grant School [1 of 2]
Description:An elementary school at 3009 Pennsylvania Avenue, established in 1893. Named for U.S. Grant (1822-1885), general in Union Army during the Civil War and President of the United States (1868-1872). (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, June 4, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Grant School [2 of 2]
Description:A rural elementary school in Carondelet Township, established about 1875 as the Revis School. The name was changed to Glendale, the name of the community. The new building recently completed was named to honor U.S. Grant. Cf. above. (Russell (1937); Wohlschlaeger)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Grants
Description:In north- central Carondelet Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. It was named in honor of U.S. Grant (1822-1885), who owned the farm on which it is located. Mrs. Grant was born at this place. Called Grant on Soil Survey Map (1919). Cf. below. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Eaton (1916); SOIL SURVEY (1919)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Grant's Log Cabin
Description:Built by Ulysses Grant (cf. above) on an eighty-acre tract of land given him by his father-in- law, Colonel Frederich Dent, upon his marriage in 1848. General Grant lived there until 1859. In 1890 the cabin was sold to Edward Joy for $5,000 and moved to Old Orchard, where it was used to attract attention to the subdivision. C.F. Banke Coffee Company bought it for $8,000 and removed it to the World's Fair grounds to advertise their coffee. Augustus A. Busch bought the cabin and returned it to the Grant farm, but not to its original location. Grant gave to the cabin the name, Hardscrabble, which was expressive of the bitter fight the owner was making for his daily bread. (Thomas (1911), I. 359; Hertich (1934), 29)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gratiot
Description:In the western part of St. Louis City. Now a street name. Cf. below. (NAT. MAP (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gratiot School
Description:An elementary school at 1615 Hampton Avenue, established in 1882. Named for Charles Gratiot (cf. above), trader and the first presiding judge in St. Louis (1804). (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, June 4, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gratiot's League Square
Description:In Central Township. Don Francisco Cruzat, lieutenant governor, gave a grant of one league or 84 arpens square on February 14, 1785 to Charles Gratiot (1752-1817), who was born in Switzerland and came to St. Louis about 1777. On April 2, 1798, the Spanish government approved the grant. (Thomas (1911); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gravois Creek
Description:Rising in Carondelet Township and emptying into River Des Peres a short distance above the point where it flows into the Mississippi River. A term descriptive of the soil: gravois in French signifies plaster or rubbish, but as used here probably meant "gravelly, rocky." (PLAT BOOK (1909); Primm (1870); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gravois Road
Description:A road leading from St. Louis to the Meramec River at Fenton. It was made a state road in 1839 and was the first road in the county to be treated to a concrete surface in 1914. (Hertich (1934), 27 ff.)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gray Avenue School
Description:See Bristol School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Great Trail
Description:See Bellefontaine Road
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Greely Memorial Church
Description:A Presbyterian Church at 2260 St. Louis Avenue, organized in 1860. Probably named for Carlos S. Greely (b. 1812), a businessman who was prominent in the Presbyterian Church. (MINUTES SYNOD (1905); Schard (1883), I. 549-551)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Green Island
Description:Island No. 103 in the Missouri River (unsolved). (COUNTY ATLAS (1878)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Greenwood
Description:A subdivision of Maplewood. A descriptive name. (Thomas (1911), 322; COUNTY ATLAS (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gregg
Description:In southeastern Central Township on the Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad. Named for C.D. Gregg, who was interested in a brick manufacturing company. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Griffiths School
Description:An elementary school in Ferguson established in 1928. Named for W.W. Griffith (1859-1935), superintendent of schools (1902- 1930). (Russell (1937); McCluer)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Grimsley Station
Description:In southern Carondelet Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Called Grimsley's on Campbell's Map Missouri (1873). Probably named for Colonel Thornton Grimsley (1798-1861), inventor, manufactor of saddles, Missouri legislator, and soldier. (COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Campbell's MAP MISSOURI (1873); Schard (1883), II. (1858-9); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Grover
Description:A post office from 1889 to 1904 in Meramec Township. It was once known as St. Friedling (unsolved). (Postal Guide (1889-1904); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 389; Hertich (1934), 26)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gumbo
Description:A post office in northeastern Meramec Township, established in 1886 and discontinued in 1904. It was so named because of the rich, silty soil which when wet becomes gumbo-mud. (Postal Guide (1886-1904); PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich (1934), 41)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Gundlach School
Description:An elementary school at 2931 Arlington Avenue, established in 1931. Named for John H. Gunlach (1861-1926), a prominent St. Louis businessman. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, II (G-D, July 24, 1930); SCHOOL DIR.)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hadley Vocational School
Description:A vocational school at 3405 Bell Avenue. Named for Herbert Spencer Hadley (1872-1927), lawyer, professor, author, and Governor of Missouri (1909-1913). (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hagemann School
Description:A rural elementary school in southwestern Carondelet Township. (SOIL SURVEY (1919); Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Haggerty Memorial Church
Description:A Methodist Church in Tuxedo. The church was opened for worship on February 17, 1910. Dr. Haggerty was the pastor for eight months. (Thomas (1911)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Halls Ferry
Description:On the Missouri River in St. Ferdinand Township. Named for Edward Hall who operated the ferry. Court entries show that the ferry was known as James' Ferry, Spring Ferry, and Musick's Ferry prior to 1836. Reuben Musick operated the ferry for a while, but it is not known why it was called Spring Ferry and James' Ferry. (Colton's MAP MISSOURI (1860); Hertich (1934), 14)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hamilton Creek
Description:Rising in Meramec Township and flowing into the Meramec River near Glencoe. Hamilton's Creek on SOIL SURVEY MAP (1919). Named for Ninan Hamilton, who had a watering and feeding place for stock on this creek. (PLAT BOOK (1909); SOIL SURVEY (1919); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hamilton School
Description:An elementary school at 5819 Westminster Place, established in 1917. Named for Alexander Hamilton (1757-1804), American statesman. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hancock Place
Description:See Hancock Place Schools
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hancock Place Schools
Description:There are five schools in this system, located south of St. Louis, and established over fifty years ago. Named for General Winfield Scott Hancock (1824-1886), an officer in the Union Army, whose home in this community was called Hancock Place. (Russell (1932), (1937); Mathias; Hancock)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hardscrabble
Description:See Grant's Log Cabin
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Harris Teachers College
Description:A college for training teachers for St. Louis public schools at 1517 S. Theresa Avenue. A normal school was established in 1857 at Fifteenth and Olive Streets. It has had many names and locations, and moved to its present location in 1905. In that year it was renamed Harris Teachers College for William Torrey Harris (1835-1909), superintendent of schools (1867-1880) and editor-in-chief of the 1900 edition of WEBSTER'S INTERNATIONAL DICTIONARY. (Lange (1930), 96-7; REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, date missing); II (Feb. 8, 1931); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Harrison School [1 of 2]
Description:An elementary school in Normandy, established in 1900. Named for William H. Harrison (1773-1841), president of the United States (1841). (Russell (1937); Miller)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Harrison School [2 of 2]
Description:An elementary school at 4163 Green Lea Place, established in 1899. Cf. above. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Harugari Cemetery
Description:A cemetery at Manchester. The Harugari was a German fraternity of lodge organized to preserve the German language in the United States. (Schard (1883), II. 1804-5; Thomas (1911), I. 89)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hathaway City
Description:See Des Peres
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hazelwood
Description:In St. Ferdinand Township about three miles south of Florissant. A descriptive name. (COUNTY ATLAS (1878)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hedding Chapel
Description:See Trinity Church (Methodist)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hempstead School
Description:An elementary school at 5872 Minerva Avenue, established in 1907. Named for Edward Hempstead (1817-1870), lawyer and first delegate from the Territory of Missouri to Congress. He secured legislation which granted public lands to Missouri and Arkansas school systems. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, June 4, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Henry School
Description:An elementary school at 1220 N. Tenth Street, established in 1906. Named for Patrick Henry (1736-1799), American orator and patriot. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Herzog School
Description:An elementary school at 5831 Pamplin Avenue, established in 1936. Named for Peter Herzog (1846-1925), who served in the St. Louis public schools for fifty years. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hibler School
Description:In eastern Bonhomme Township southwest of Hibler's Creek. The district was organized April 18, 1846, and the school was named for Samuel Hibler's family. Samuel Hibler, a Pennsylvanian Dutchman, came to this county in 1797 by way of Kentucky. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 259)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hibler's Creek
Description:A stream rising in eastern Bonhomme Township and flowing northwest into Creve Coeur Creek. Cf. below. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hickory Grove School
Description:A rural school in the eastern part of Liberty Township, so named because the school was located in a grove of hickory trees. (Kiehne)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Highland View
Description:In eastern Central Township. A descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hillsboro
Description:A settlement in southern Bonhomme Township. A descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hillside
Description:A post office in Central Township, established in 1892 and discontinued in 1904. A descriptive name. (Postal Guide (1892-1904); Thomas (1911)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hilltown
Description:See Bellefontaine
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hine
Description:A station on the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad in northern Bonhomme Township. It was formerly called Mona (unsolved). The West St. Louis Water Company Plant is here. Hine is the name of a family. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 267; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hoardstown
Description:See Manchester
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hodgen School
Description:An elementary school at 2748 Henrietta Street, established in 1884. Named for John Thompson Hodgen (1826-1882), nationally known physician. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, June 11, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hoffmeister Heights
Description:In Central Township. Named for the Hoffmeister family. (Thomas (1911); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hollow
Description:A post office in Meramec Township, four miles northwest of Allentown, established in 1886 and discontinued in 1904. It was originally known as Dutch Hollow from "Mine Host Dutch Charles," as Charley Pfaffrath was familiarly known, who conducted a store and tavern there. It was a relay station for St. Louis and Jefferson City Stage Coach Line. (Postal Guide (1886-1904); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 390; Hertich (1934), 26)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hollywood Station
Description:In Central Township on the Central Car Line. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Holy Angels Church [1 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at St. Ange Avenue, and La Salle Street, organized in 1866. The parochial school is taught by the Sisters of St. Joseph. Cf. above. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), I. 464-5; CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 141)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Holy Angels Church [2 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at South Kinlock. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame is attached. The significance of the name is obvious. (CATH. DIR. (1934-1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Holy Cross Church
Description:A Catholic Church at 8117 Church Road, organized for Irish, German, and French people. The church was erected in 1863-4. In 1873 the English speaking parishioners withdrew and organized Our Lady of Mount Carmel Parish (q.v.) farther north. The parochial school was in charge of Sisters of Christian Charity, but is now in charge of the Sisters of the Third Order Regular of St. Francis. A new church was erected in 1909. The significance of the name is obvious. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 127; CATH. DIR.)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Holy Family Church
Description:A German Catholic Church at Oak Hill Avenue and Humphrey Street, organized in 1898. The temporary church was erected the next year and in 1907 the church was completed. The parochial school is in charge of Sisters of the Most Precious Blood. Named for Christ's family. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 223; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Holy Ghost Church [1 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at Taylor and Garfield Avenues, organized for German Catholics in 1879. A building was erected, but in 1892 a new stone church was begun. It was dedicated in 1909. The name is derived from the third member of the Trinity. A parochial school is in charge of Notre Dame Sisters. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 177)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Holy Ghost Church [2 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at Kinloch Park, organized about 1908. Cf. above. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Holy Innocents' Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Brannon Avenue, and Reber Place, organized in 1893. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of the Most Precious Blood is attached. Named for the children massacred by Herod in Bethlehem (Matthew 2:16). (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 217; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Holy Redeemer Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Webster Groves, organized in 1886. First there was a frame church, then the rock building was begun in 1895 and dedicated on May 2, 1897. There is a parochial school in connection with the church and in charge of the Dominican Sisters. Named for one of the titles of Christ. (Thomas (1911), I. 140; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Holy Rosary Church [1 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at St. Stanislaus Seminary in Florissant. Named for the Catholic aid to prayer. (Thomas (1911), I. 140; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Holy Rosary Church [2 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at Clarence and Margaretta Avenues, organized in 1891. The parochial school is in charge of the sisters of St. Joseph. Cf. above. (CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 201)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Holy Trinity Cemetery
Description:A Catholic cemetery in northern St. Louis adjoining O'Fallon Park, opened in 1864 and closed in 1871. Named for the Christian doctrine. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), II. 158)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Holy Trinity Church [1 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church for Slovaks at Ninth and Lafayette Avenue, organized in 1898. The parochial school is taught by Polish Franciscan Sisters. Cf. above. (CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1928), 225)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Holy Trinity Church [2 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at Fourteenth and Mallinckrodt Streets, organized in 1848. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of St. Francis. Cf. above. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 103-5; CATH. DIR. (1937); HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), I. 112-7)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Home Heights
Description:A subdivision made in 1893 in Central Township on the St. Charles Electric Car Line. Now called St. John's. Also called Home Station. An ideal name. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Home Station
Description:See Home Heights
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Homer Dyke
Description:See Chain of Rocks
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hope Church
Description:A Congregational church on Belt Avenue near Easton Avenue, organized in 1889 and was at first located on Florence near Easton, but moved to the present location in 1896. Named for the Christian virtue. (REPORT CONGREGATIONAL (1893), (1896); YEAR BOOK (1933)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Horneker School
Description:An elementary school in Meramec Township, established in 1905. Named for Judge Horneker (1840-1906), who donated the school site. (Russell (1937); Devine)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hosmer Hall
Description:A school for girls at 6584 Wydown Blvd., founded in 1883 by Miss Martha Matthews and Miss Clara Shepard. It was named in honor of Harriet Hosmer, the American sculptress. The first locartion of the school was Twenty-seventh and Locust Streets, then Washington Blvd. and Pendleton Avenue; the building on Wydown was erected in 1917. The school was closed in 1936. (ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, II (S-T, Sept. 16, 1936)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Howard Place
Description:In Central Township near Gregg (unsolved). (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Howard School
Description:An elementary school at 2333 Benton Street, established in 1902. Named for Charles H. Howard (1846-1902), teacher and author. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, June 11, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Howell Island
Description:In the Missouri River near Centaur. Named for the early settlers. Cf. above. (NAT. MAP (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Howell's Ferry
Description:See Howell's Ferry Landing
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Howell's Ferry Landing
Description:Once a flourishing settlement on the Missouri River. A ferry boat was operated to Weldon Springs in St. Charles County. Francis Howell, and his three sons, Francis, Jr., Thomas, and Lewis, settled here in 1797 and operated the ferry to Weldon Springs, which was named for them. (Hertich (1934), 41-2; WATCHMAN ADVOCATE (June 8, 1939)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hugo F. Buder School
Description:An elementary school in the Ritenour System, which was formerly the Ashby school, named for the street on which it was located. A new school was erected on Baltimore and Gray Streets, and named for Hugo F. Buder (1879-1939). (Russell (1937); Hoech)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Humboldt School
Description:An elementary school at 2516 Ninth Street, established in 1908. Named for Alexander Humboldt (1769-1859), traveler and naturalist. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hunters Ford
Description:In southern Meramec Township on the Meramec River, near Eureka. (SOIL SURVEY (1919)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Huntleigh Village
Description:In Central Township, north of Kirkwood. Now an incorporated town. Named for the Hunt family. (Highways (1930); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Huntley
Description:In northeastern Central Township on the Wabash Railroad (unsolved). (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hunt's Mill
Description:A mill on the farm of Wilson P. Hunt, in northern Carondelet Township on River Des Peres. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), 407)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hunts Switch
Description:In southwest Meramec Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad and St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad. (NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hyatt School
Description:A rural elementary school in northern St. Ferdinand Township. Also known as Valley School. Named for a family. (Thomas (1911), I. 124)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Hyde Park
Description:A park in northern St. Louis, bound by Bremen Avenue, Salisburg, Twelfth and Fourteenth Streets, and purchased in 1854. Named for William Hyde (1836-1898), editor and historian. (Pitzman (1878); PLEASURE RESORTS (1881), 9; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1087- 8)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Immaculate Conception (St. Kevin's) Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Lafayette Avenue and Longfellow Blvd., organized in 1875 and dedicated to St. Kevin (498-618), the patron saint of Dublin, Ireland. The first building was erected at Park and Cardinal Avenues. In 1908 the new church on the present site was erected. The old St. Kevin's church is used as a parochial school in charge of Sisters of Loretto. Cf. above. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 173; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Immaculate Conception Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Maplewood, organized in 1904. A parochial school, in charge of the Sisters of Loretto, is attached. Named for the Catholic doctrine of the conception or birth of the Virgin free of original sin. (Thomas (1911), I. 131; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Immanuel Church [1 of 4]
Description:A Congregational church at 6737 Hancock Avenue, organized in 1891. Immanuel means "God is with us": a name given to the Messiah in prophecy, and to Jesus Christ in fulfilment. (Isa. VII: 14: Matt. I:23). Cf. Emmanuel Church, and Emanuel Church, above. In the Authorized Version, the spelling Immanuel is used in Isaiah, Emmanuel in Matthew; in the latter passage Luther's German version uses the spelling Emanuel. The spelling with Imm- is closer to the original Hebrew; in Greek the name appeared with Emm- or Em-. (REPORT CONGREGATIONAL (1893), (1896); YEAR BOOK (1933)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Immanuel Church [2 of 4]
Description:A Methodist Church built in 1890 in west St. Louis. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1475; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Immanuel Church [3 of 4]
Description:A German Evangelical Church at Ferguson, organized in 1888. In 1911 a parochial school was attached. Cf. above. (Thomas (1911), I. 142)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Immanuel Church [4 of 4]
Description:An Evangelical Church at 3530 Marcus Avenue, organized in 1889. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 704; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Indian Cave
Description:In eastern Carondelet Township on the Mississippi River near Cliff Cave. So named because Indians lived here. (COUNTY ATLAS (1878)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Indian Seminary
Description:At Florissant. Founded by Father Charles Van Quickenborne in 1825 and was closed in 1830. It did not prove a success, as the Indian boys preferred the liberty of a wild life in the woods to the restraints of civilized society; they would escape and join tribes roving over the prairies. The school for boys was in charge of novices of St. Stanislaus Novitiate; the school for girls in charge of the Sisters of the Sacred Heart. (Scharf (1883), II. 1647)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ink's Cemetery
Description:A cemetery near August Wengler's Store at Eureka. Named for the Ink family who lived near here. (Thomas (1911), I. 89; Hertich; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Irving School
Description:An elementary school at 3829 north Twenty-fifth Street, established in 1871. Named for Washington Irving (1783-1859), American historian, novelist, and essayist. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Iveland
Description:See Iveland School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Iveland School
Description:An elementary school in the Ritenour system at Overland, established in 1936 and named for a subdivision. The subdivision was named for Professor Ives, an art teacher at Washington University. (Russell (1937); Hoech)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ivory
Description:Near St. Louis City on the Missouri Pacific Railroad (unsolved). (COUNTY ATLAS (1893)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Jackson School
Description:An elementary school at 1632 Hogan St., established in 1898. Probably named for Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), seventh president of the United States (1829-1837). (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:James' Ferry
Description:See Halls Ferry
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:James School
Description:See Brown School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Jamestown
Description:A subdivision in St. Ferdinand Township near the Missouri River laid out, but undeveloped. Given as Jimstown in PLAT BOOK (1909). (Colton's MAP MISSOURI (1860); PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Jedberg
Description:A subdivision in western Bonhomme Township on the Meramec T. line. A station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. (HIGHWAYS (1930); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Jefferson Barracks
Description:On the Mississippi River ten miles south of St. Louis. On Tuesday, July 4, 1826, Colonel Chambers left the old Post of Bellefontaine and marched four companies of the First Regiment, U.S. Infantry, down to the new site, christened it Cantonment Adams in honor of President Adams, and began chopping down the heavy timber which then covered it. On September 19, 1826, Colonel Henry Leavenworth (d. 1831), and the Third Regiment of Infantry arrived and named the camping ground Camp Miller, in honor of John Miller, then governor of Missouri, who had been a colonel in the U.S. Army. July 4, 1826, the date of the founding of the post, was the date on which Thomas Jefferson died. About Christmas, 1826, the post was renamed Jefferson Barracks. (Green's Postal Guide (1831); Wetmore (1837); Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1886--); Thomas (1911), I. 410 ff.; REGISTER U.S. ARMY; Houck, III. 199)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Jefferson School [1 of 2]
Description:An elementary school in Normandy, established in 1938. Named for Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), the third president of the United States (1801-1809). (Miller)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Jefferson School [2 of 2]
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 903 Wash St. A public school was opened here in 1848. The present building was erected in 1872. Cf. above. (Scharf (1883), I. 841; Lange (1930); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Jennings
Description:A post office in northeast Central Township, established in 1876 and discontinued in 1904. It is a station on the Wabash Railroad. Named for the Jennings family. (Postal Guide (1876-1904); PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Jennings Heights
Description:A subdivision in northern Central Township which extends into the City of St. Louis. Named for the town. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Jesus Church
Description:An Evangelical Church at Twelfth and Victor Sts., organized in 1894. Named for the Saviour. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 704; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Jimtown
Description:See Jamestown
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:John M. Vogt High School
Description:A high school in Ferguson, established in 1930. Named for John M. Vogt (1853-1937), merchant and a member of the board of education. (Russell (1937); McCluer)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Jones Chapel
Description:A colored Methodist Church on Lexington Ave. in 1899. (unsolved) (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), II. 1479)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Junction School
Description:Near Robertson on the St. Charles Rock Road. Established in 1869 on ground leased for school purposes, on condition that colored children never be allowed in the school. (Thomas (1911), I. 124)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Kassebaum
Description:A voting precinct in Carondelet Township. Named for the Kassebaum family, Germans. (Thomas (1911), 179; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Keefer Creek
Description:Rising in western Meramec Township and eastern Bonhomme Township, flowing southeast through Bonhomme Township, and emptying into the Meramec River near Fern Glen Station. A family named Keefer lived along this creek and gave their name to it. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Keith
Description:In northern Central Township on Creve Coeur Line. Also called Keith Inch Station. (unsolved) (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Keith Inch Station
Description:See Keith
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Kelpe
Description:A post office on Wild Horse Creek in Bonhomme Township, established in 1888 and discontinued in 1896. Named for the Kelpe family. (Postal Guide (1888-1896); Thomas (1911), I. 225; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Kendall
Description:In southeastern Carondelet Township on the Mississippi River and the Missouri Pacific Railroad. (SOIL SURVEY (1919)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Kennard School
Description:An elementary school at 5031 Potomac St., established in 1930. Named for Samuel M. Kennard (1842-1916), soldier and merchant. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, Sept. 17, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Kenrick Seminary
Description:A seminary for Vincentian Fathers at Nineteenth St. and Cass Ave. The Vincentian Fathers had settled at the Barrens, Perry County, Missouri in 1818; moved to St. Louis in the block bound by Marion, Carrol, Eighth and Ninth Sts. in 1839; moved to the Soulard Mansion at Ninth and Marion Sts. in 1842; moved to Cape Girardeau in 1859; then moved back to St. Louis to the present location in 1893. The seminary is so named to honor Archbishop Kenrick, who in 1893 bought this property and gave it to the Vincentian Fathers for seminary purposes. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 286; HIST. DIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), 577-8; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Kenwood
Description:A subdivision at Pine Lawn in northern Central Township. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Keyes Summit Station
Description:A subdivision in eastern Bonhomme Township, north of the Meramec River on the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad. Named for the Keyes family. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Kingdom House
Description:An institution of the Methodist Church at 1102 Morrison St., an orphanage and an organization to do social settlement and evangelistic work among the people of the neighborhood. Kingdom or Kingdom-Come is a common American term for Heaven or Paradise; cf. the MARK TWAIN LEXICON. (CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Kings Highway
Description:See Lemay Ferry Road
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:King's Station
Description:A station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad in Central Township. Named for the King family. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Kings Trace
Description:See Lemay Ferry Road
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Kinlock
Description:See Berkeley
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Kirkwood
Description:A town in eastern Bonhomme Township, platted in 1852 and named for James P. Kirkwood, the first chief engineer of the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Scharf (1883) says that the name was suggested by R.S. Elliot, partly from respect to James P. Kirkwood and partly in view of the fact that the building of churches (kirks) in the wood or groves of the town was already contemplated. (Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876--); Schard (1883), II. 1904; PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 367 ff.; Eaton (1916)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Koch
Description:A post office in eastern Carondelet Township near the Mississippi River, established in 1915, discontinued in 1918, established in 1922, discontinued in 1925, and reestablished in 1927. Named for the Koch Hospital (q.v.) which is located here. (Postal Guide (1912- 1918), 1922-1925, 1927--); SOIL SURVEY (1919); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Koch Hospital
Description:See Koch. Named for the famous German physician and bacteriologist, Robert Koch (1843-1910)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Kroenung
Description:A station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad in northern Meramec Township. Named for the Kroening family; Conrad Kroening was a pioneer. (NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930); WATCHMAN ADVOCATED (June 8, 1939); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:La Butte de Terre
Description:See Big Mound
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:La Charboniere
Description:A coal hill fifteen miles above the Missouri River's entrance into the Mississippi River. Schard spells it La Charbonnier. Coal was mined from 1810 to 1858. La Charboniere is French for "the coal bluff." (Brown (1817); Colton's MAP MISSOURI (1860); Schard (1883), II. 1893; McDermott)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:La Charbonnier
Description:See La Charboniere
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:La Grange De Terre
Description:See Big Mound
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:La Petite Riviere
Description:See Mill Creek
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:La Riviere Maligne
Description:See Moline Creek
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:La Salle Institute
Description:A Novitiate and Juniorate of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, Chapel of St. Joseph, at Glencoe. Named for the French explorer, Cavalier LaSalle (1643-1687). (CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lackland
Description:A post office in northern Central Township, established in 1910 and discontinued soon after. It is a station on the Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad. Named for Rufus J. Lackland, president of the Boatman's Bank, St. Louis. (Postal Guide (1910); PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Laclede and Creve Coeur Lake Railroad
Description:Incorporated November 26, 1880. The first train passed over the tracks on July 4, 1881. It is now a part of the Missouri Pacific Railroad system. (Schard (1883), II. 1877)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Laclede Grammar School
Description:See Laclede School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Laclede Junction
Description:In southeastern Central Township near St. Louis City. Named for the founder of St. Louis. (COUNTY ATLAS (1878); COUNTY ATLAS (1893)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Laclede Primary School
Description:On the corner of Fourth and Spruce Streets. The building was erected in 1837-8, and was the first school established by the board of directors. Opened April 2, 1838, and was used until 1860 when it was abandoned. The pupils were transferred to the Laclede school at Fifth and Poplar Streets. Cf. below. (Scharf (1883), I. 837)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Laclede School
Description:An elementary school at 5821 Kennerly Ave. This school was first located at Fifth and Poplar Sts. and called Laclede Grammar School. It was established in 1851. In 1870 the school was moved to Sixth and Poplar Sts. and was called Gamble School until it moved to its present location in 1914. Named for Pierre Laclede (1724-1778), founder of St. Louis. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); Scharf (1883), I. 841; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (June 14, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Laclede's Village
Description:See St. Louis
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ladue Village
Description:In Central Township south of Bridgeton. Named for Peter A. Ladue, a French pioneer. (HIGHWAYS (1930); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lafayette Park
Description:In central St. Louis, bound by Lafayette, Missouri, Mississippi, and Park Aves. One of the oldest parks in the city. Cf. below. (Pitzman (1878); PLEASURE RESORTS (1881), 9-11; Devoy (1898), 92-93)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lafayette School
Description:An elementary school at 815 Anne Ave. This school was first established in 1853 and moved to its present location in 1907. Named for Marie Jean Paul Lafayette (1757-1834), French general and statesman. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); Scharf (1883), I. 841; SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lahoma
Description:In Carondelet Township bordering the City of St. Louis. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lake
Description:A post office in northern Bonhomme Township, established in 1876 and discontinued in 1904. So named because it is near Creve Coeur Lake. (Postal Guide (1876-1904); PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lake Gumbo
Description:In northeastern Meramec Township. For name cf. Gumbo. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lake Junction
Description:A junction of the two Missouri Pacific lines, in southeastern Central Township. The northern line runs to Creve Coeur Lake. Also called Lake Station. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lake School
Description:A rural elementary school in northern Bonhomme Township. Named for the town. (Thomas (1911), I. 124)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lake Station
Description:See Lake Junction
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lard Pond
Description:Near Spanish Lake on land granted to Hezekiah Lard by Zenon Trudeau (b. 1748), who was made Lieutenant Governor of Upper Louisiana in 1792. (Thomas (1911); Houck (1908), II. 57-8)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Larimore
Description:In eastern St. Ferdinand Township on the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad. Named in honor of Wilson L. Larimore, a farmer who owned a tract of land here. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 310; Scharf (1883), II. 1230)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Larkin Williams School
Description:A rural elementary school south of the Meramec River in Bonhomme Township. Given as Williams School in PLAT BOOK (1909). (PLAT BOOK (1909); Russell (1932), 1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Laughlin Lake
Description:In Central Township near Elmwood Park. Named for Henry D. Laughlin, circuit judge. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Le Beau Tract
Description:A tract of land between Butler Lake and the Meramec River in southwestern Carondelet Township. French for "The Beautiful Tract;" a descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Le Chemin du Roi
Description:See Lemay Ferry Road
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Le Mais Ferry Road
Description:See Lemay Ferry Road
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lemay
Description:In southern Carondelet Township on the St. Louis, San Francisco Railroad. So named in honor of Francis LeMais, Sr. and Francis LeMais, Jr. who operated a ferry across the Meramec River near here. (See Lemay Ferry Road) (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lemay Ferry
Description:In southern Carondelet Township on the Meramec River. (See Lemay Ferry Road) (Colton's MAP MISSOURI (1860)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lemay Ferry Road
Description:In Carondelet Township and identified with Kings Trace or Kings Highway. It followed in part the famous old road established in 1789, after a still earlier Indian trail, from St. Louis to Madrid. This road was named El Camino Real by Colonel George Morgan in honor of Charles IV, the reigning king of Spain (1788-1808). The Spanish name was translated by the French as Le Chemin du Roi, or Rue Royale, and by the Americans as King's Highway; Kingshighway is now an important street in St. Louis. In 1834 the road was laid out from Le Mais Ferry to Carondelet. Francis Le Mais, Sr. and Francis Le Mais, Jr., being unable to write, made crosses; the person who wrote the names spelled them Lemay, the spelling which is used today. (Thomas (1911); Hertich (1934); Hamlett (1938), 97)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lenox Hall
Description:A school for girls founded in 1907 by Mrs. Minnie Louise Thomas at Taylor and McPherson Aves. In 1911 a building was erected in University City and a grade school was added to the high school. In 1920 the school was moved to Kirkwood. In 1929 the school was closed and the building was offered for sale. (ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, II (March 29, 1929); Thomas (1911)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lewis and Clark Bridge
Description:A bridge across the Mississippi River opened in 1929. Named for two explorers, Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809), and William Clark (1770-1838), who led the famous expedition from St. Louis to the Pacific in 1804-1806. (Lange (1930), 50)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lewis Chapel
Description:A Methodist Episcopal Church South at Crescent. The church was originally built by Elizabeth Darby Lewis. The new church was built by Mrs. Lewis's sons. Burial grounds are in connection. (Thomas (1911), I. 138)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lewisburgh
Description:See St. Paul
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lime Kilns
Description:In western Meramec Township, the terminus of a branch of the Missouri Pacific Railroad. So named because the lime kilns are located here. (NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lincoln School [1 of 3]
Description:A school for colored pupils at Maplewood. Cf. above. (Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lincoln School [2 of 3]
Description:An elementary school in Normandy, established in 1906. Cf. above. (Russell (1937); Miller)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lincoln School [3 of 3]
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 2236 Walnut St., established in 1923. Named for Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), president of the United States (1861-1865). (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lindenwood School
Description:An elementary school at 3815 McCausland Ave., established in 1929. Named for the tree. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lindhurst
Description:See Lyndhurst Station
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Little Merameig
Description:See Meramec River
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lockwood Church
Description:See Emmanuel Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lockwood School
Description:An elementary school at Webster Groves, established about 1870 as Old Orchard School (see Old Orchard). Name changed to Lockwood in 1916 to honor Richard J. Lockwood (1808-1870), a broker. (Russell (1937); Goslin)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Locust Grove School
Description:An elementary school in Central Township north of Central. A descriptive name. (COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Loehr
Description:A post office in Bonhomme Township, established in 1899 and discontinued in 1902. Named for the Loehr family who lived here. (Postal Guide (1899-1902); HIGHWAYS (1930); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lohmeyer Heights
Description:A subdivision of Maplewood. Named for the Lohmeyer family. (Thomas (1911); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Long School
Description:An elementary school at 5028 Morganford Road, established in 1922. Named for Edward H. Long (1838-1911), superintendent of schools in St. Louis (1880-1895). (ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, June 13, 1922); I (Jan. 12, 1923; II (Aug. 31, 1935); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9); REPORT BOARD ED. (1929)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Longfellow School
Description:An elementary school at 6593 Smiley Ave., established in 1891. Named for Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882), American poet. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Longwood
Description:A subdivision in Carondelet Township. (Thomas (1911); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Loretto Academy
Description:The home of the Sisters of Loretto teaching in parochial schools of the city and also a high school for girls at 3407 Lafayette Ave., established in 1868 at Jefferson Ave. and Pine St. Moved to the present location before 1928. Sisters of Loretto at the Foot of the Cross was founded in Kentucky in 1812. They devoted their lives to Christian education. The name comes from Loretto, Italy, famous for its Holy Home, said to be that in which Jesus lived, brought by angels from Nazareth. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 269; CATH. ENCY. (1913), IX. 360-1; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Louisbourg
Description:See Carondelet
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:L'Ouverture School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 2612 Papin St., established in 1895. Named for Toussaint L'Ouverture (1743-1803), negro general and liberator of Haiti. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Loverings Ferry
Description:On the Meramec River a short distance above where it empties into the Mississippi River. It was established by Philip Fines, Sr. and so called after his son-in-law, Lawson Lovering. (COUNTY ATLAS (1838); Hertich (1934), 4)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lowell
Description:Near the northern city limits of St. Louis in 1860, but later absorbed by the city. (Colton's MAP MISSOURI (1860); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lowell School
Description:An elementary school at 1409 Linton St., established in 1926. Named for James Russell Lowell (1819-1891), American poet. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lower Ferry
Description:A ferry across the Meramec River about a mile above its mouth, where King's Trace crossed the river. It was established by Jean Baptist Bomache. Named for its location. (COUNTY HISTORY (1888); COUNTY ATLAS (1876)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lutheran Orphan Home
Description:On Manchester Road at Des Peres. Founded by J.F. Buenger, pastor of Immanuel Lutheran Church in 1867. In the parochial school in connection, instruction is given in both English and German. Zum Kindlein Jesu, which means in German "For the Baby Jesus," is the appropriate name for this orphanage. (Thomas (1911), I. 143)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Luxemburg
Description:In northeastern Carondelet Township. It was settled by emigrants from Luxemburg, Belgium, who had suffered losses in 1815, when William I, King of Netherlands, was given the Duchy of Luxemburg, and became Grand Duke. Because so many settled south of Carondelet, the district became known as Luxemburg. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich (1934), 6)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lyndhurst Station
Description:A subdivision in Central Township on the St. Charles Electirc Car Line. The name is also spelled Lindhurst. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lyon Park
Description:In southern St. Louis, bounded by Arsenal, Utah, and Columbus Sts. and Carondelet Ave. Located in part of the old arsenal grounds. The site for the park was granted by Congress in 1869, on condition that Ge. Lyon's monument be erected here. Cf. below. (Pitzman (1878); Head (1909), 92)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Lyon School
Description:An elementary school at 7417 Vermont Ave., established in 1909. Named for Nathaniel Lyon (1819-1861), general in the Union Army, who was killed in action. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, June 18, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Maddenville
Description:In eastern Central Township near Maplewood. Named for Thomas Madden, who operated a store and saloon here. It is now a part of Brentwood (q.v.). (SOIL SURVEY (1919); Hertich; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Madison School
Description:An elementary school at 1118 South Seventh St. The present building was erected in 1910. Nhamed for James Madison (1751-1836), president of the United States (1809-1817). (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Malcolm
Description:A subdivision in west Central Township. Also given as Malcolm Terrace. (PLAT BOOK (1909); NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Malcolm Terrace
Description:See Malcolm
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Maline Creek
Description:See Moline Creek
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mallinkrodt School
Description:An elementary school at 6012 Pernod Ave., established in 1928. Named for Edward Mallinkrodt (1845-1928), chemist and philanthropist. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Manchester
Description:The oldest settlement on Manchester Road, in central Bonhomme Township. Travelers were attracted to this place because here was a spring of very fine water, where they could refresh themselves and their animals. Early in 1800 Bryson O'Hara (Schard says he was an Indian) was the first permanent settler. Jesse Hoard soon followed him and the place became known as Hoardstown. In 1825 an Englishman came to this place and named it for his native city. A post office was established in 1831. (Green's Postal Guide (1831); Wetmore (1837); Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876--); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); PLAT BOOK (1909); Scharf (1883), II. 1899; Hertich (1934); 20-21; WATCHMAN ADVOCATE (April 1, 1932)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Manchester Road
Description:The road from St. Louis to Manchester was ordered laid out in 1835. In 1839 it was made a state road and became the "Road to Jefferson City." Now it follows Missouri Highway No. 50. (Hertich (1934), 21)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mann School
Description:An elementary school at 4047 Juniata St., established in 1901. Named for Horace Mann (1796-1859), American educator. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Manual Training School
Description:See Washington University
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Maple Lawn
Description:A subdivision of Maplewood. Took its name from the city of which it is part. (Thomas (1911), 318)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Maplewood
Description:A post office in Central Township bordering St. Louis City. It was laid out by James C. Sutton (d. 1877) on a tract of land purchased in 1835. A descriptive name. (Postal Guide (1893--); PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich; Thomas (1911), 511-12)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Marais des Liards
Description:See Bridgeton
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Maramec River
Description:See Meramec River.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Maramegoua River
Description:See Meramec River.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Maramet River
Description:See Meramec River.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Maremeg River
Description:See Meramec River.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mark Twain School [1 of 3]
Description:An elementary school at 5316 Ruskin Ave., established in 1911. Named for Samuel Langhorne Clemens (1835-1910), Missouri humorist, whose pen name was Mark Twain. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mark Twain School [2 of 3]
Description:See Goodall School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mark Twain School [3 of 3]
Description:An elementary school at Brentwood. Cf. above. (Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Markham Memorial Church
Description:A Presbyterian Church at Menard and Julia Sts., organized in 1901. Previously it had been a mission. Named for W.H. Markham, a faithfuil worker, who had helped organize the mission. (PRES. BLUE BOOK (1902), 75; MINUTES SYNOD (1902-1921)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Marquette School
Description:An elementary school at 4015 McPherson Ave., established in 1894. Named for Jacques Marquette (1637-1675), French explorer and missionary. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Marshall Heights
Description:In Central Township near King's Station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Named for Judge Marshall. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Marshall School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 4342 Aldine St., established in 1900. Named for John Marshall (1755-1835), American jurist. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Martigne Creek
Description:Rising in Carondelet Township and flowing into the Mississippi River, south of Jefferson Barracks. Probably named for Jean B. Martigny, a wealthy immigrant who received a grant from St. Ange. (COUNTY ATLAS (1838); McDermott; Houck (1908), II. 23)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Marvin Camp Grounds
Description:A religious center on St. Charles Road. Named for Bishop Enoch Mather Marvin (1823- 1877), a native of Wright City, Missouri, whose parents came to this section in 1817, and who with other pioneer Methodist preachers, presided during the annual camp meetings. In 1903 Van Guard Mission Association bought the grounds; in 1918 they were sold to Trinity Methodist Church. Today the Marvin Park Methodist Church is here. The grounds have decreased in size from 49 acres to 18 acres. (Hertich (1934), 13)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Marvin Church
Description:A Methodist Church at Twelfth and Sidney Sts., dedicated in 1892. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1475)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Marvin Park Church
Description:See Marvin Camp Grounds
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mary Institute
Description:See Washington University
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mary Queen of Peace Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Glendale, organized in 1921. One of the favorite titles for the Virgin. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Maryland Heights
Description:A post office since 1926 on Chicago, Rhode Island and Pacific Railroad in northwestern Central Township. Also called Maryland Heights Station. Doubtless named directly or indirectly for the state. (Postal Guide (1926--); PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Maryland Heights Station
Description:See Maryland Heights
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Maryville College and Academy of the Sacred Heart
Description:At 2900 Meramec St. Founded in 1869 and took the name of Maryville Convent. In 1890 it was enlarged and the name was changed to the School of St. Thomas of Aquin (See St. Thomas of Aquin Church). In 1923 it became the Maryville College and Academy. (ST. THOMAS OF AQUIN (1932); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, II (Feb. 9, 1930); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Maryville Convent
Description:See Maryville College and Academy of the Sacred Heart
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mason School
Description:An elementary school at 6031 Southwest Ave., established in 1919. Named for Isaac M. Mason (1831-1909), steamboat captain and philanthropist. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, June 25, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mattese
Description:A discontinued post office in Carondelet Township. Named for the creek (q.v.). Spelled Mattis by Dupre (1838) and Postal Guide (1876). (Dupre (1838); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876-1887), 1890-1904; SOIL SURVEY (1919); Hertich (1934), 7- 8)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mattese Creek
Description:Rising in Carondelet Township and flowing south into the Meramec River. Doubtless Mattese is a phonetic spelling, used to indicate the pronunciation of the French name Mattis or Matis. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mattis
Description:See Mattese
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mayfield Sanitarium
Description:At 912 Taylor Ave., owned and controlled by Baptists, opened September, 1896. Named for: W.H. Mayfield, surgeon-in-chief, E.B. Mayfield, house physician, E.C. Mayfield, superintendent, and R.L. Mayfield, assistant superintendent. (REPORT MAYFIELD SANIT. (1897)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:McClure Cemetery
Description:A cemetery on the farm owned by Robert C. Allen (1838-1889), state senator and judge. (Thomas (1911), I. 89; II. 248- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:McCree City
Description:The twenty-sixth ward of St. Louis, a real estate edition made by the Laclede Race Track Association and Mrs. Mary McCree in 1869. Incorporated into the city in 1876. Named for Mrs. McCree. (Pitzman (1878); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1411; Scharf (1883), I. 162)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:McKenzie School
Description:A school at Affton, organized as a town school district at the April, 1931 school election; now it is a part of Affton Consolidated School District. (Russell (1932)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:McKinley Bridge
Description:A bridge across the Mississippi River for interurban cars. Named for the president. Cf. below. (Lange (1930), 50)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:McKinley High School
Description:A high school at 2156 Russell Blvd., established in 1903. Named for William McKinley (1843- 1901), president of the United States (1897-1901). (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:McKinley School
Description:An elementary school at Normandy, established in 1900. Cf. above. (Russell (1937); Miller)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:McKnight Village
Description:In Central Township west of Clayton. Named for the McKnight family. (HIGHWAYS (1930); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Meacham Park
Description:In Bonhomme Township south of Kirkwood. Named for a real estate operator, Meacham, who developed this subdivision. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mehlville
Description:A post office established in 1886 and discontinued in 1904 in central Carondelet Township. Named for Charles Mehl, a native of Germany and a veteran of the Mexican War. It was settled before the Civil War. (Postal Guide (1886-1904); PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich (1934), 7)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Melrose
Description:A post office discontinued in 1904 in western Meramec Township. It was laid out by Charles H. Haven, a philanthropic speculator, who bought a tract of government land in 1855 (Scharf says in 1851), settled, and made town lots of it. When his attempt to build a summer resort failed, he tried fruit growing and a grape vineyard, both of which failed too. Probably named directly or indirectly for the barough in Scotland. (Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876-1904); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Thomas (1911), I. 390)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Memorial Church [1 of 2]
Description:A Presbyterian Church at 201 S. Skinker. (unsolved) (PRES. BLUE BOOK (1902), 63)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Memorial Church [2 of 2]
Description:See Bethel Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Memorial Home
Description:A home at 2609 South Grand Blvd., a branch of the W.C.A., organized in 1882 to provide a home for aged men and their wives. (unsolved) (CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mentor
Description:A station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad in southeastern Central Township. Now a part of Rock Hill. Spelled Menton in PLAT BOOK (1909). Mentor is the name given a township and village in Lake County, Ohio, for Mentor, the counselor of Telemachus in the Odyssey. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens; Breckenridge; Gannett (1902), 177)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Meramec
Description:See Valley Park
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Meramec Highlands
Description:A summer resort on the Meramec River in Bonhomme Township, south of Kirkwood. A post office was established in 1893 and discontinued in 1904. Also called Meramec Highlands Station, for it is a station on the Frisco Railroad. Named for the river (q.v.). (PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 378); Postal Guide (1893-1904); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), III. 144)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Meramec Highlands Station
Description:See Meramec Highlands
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Meramec River
Description:A river which forms the boundary line between St. Louis County and Jefferson County except for the southern line of Bonhomme Township which is a straight line, above which the Meramec makes an irregular semicircle. The Meramec flows into the Mississippi River at the southeastern point of St. Louis County and the northeastern point of Jefferson County. One of the oldest names in the region, which Hodge lists as "Merameg" from "Manumaig," the Chippewa for catfish, and the name of a tribe living about the great lakes in 1672 according to the Jesuit Relations. Meramec, also spelled "Maramet," and "Maramegoua," is an Algonquin word signifying "a good fish," according to Rothensteines. Gannett also lists it as meaning "catfish." Mr. Bert Loewenstein, writing in the St. Louis POST DISPATCH, gives a detailed account of the history of the name Meramec. He writes that Joliet and Marquette were probably the first Europeans to pass the mouth of the Meramec; for although they make no mention of the river in their account of the voyage down the Mississippi to the mouth of the Arkansas, Father Marquette notes the location of the "Maroa" tribe in the country of the Illinois. The Recollect missionary, Father Membre, who accompanied La Salle and De Tonty, writes of "the village of the Tamaroas on the eastern bank, about six leagues below the River of the Ozages." La Salle, De Tonty, Fathers Joutel, Marest, Pinet, and other missionaries mention the "Tamaroas" or "Maroas" and their villages, which they locate "ten leagues below the River of Illinois," or six miles below the mouth of the "Pekitanoui," the river of the "Missouries." The first historical notice of the river is found in the account of a voyage by Father James Gravier in the year 1700. He wrote: "We discovered the river Mearamigoua where a rich lead mine is situated." Penicaut, a member of Le Seur's mineralogical expedition, mentions in 1700, "one finds a small stream called the Meramecsipy." In 1702 De Iberville applied to the French Government for the exclusive privilege to work the lead mines on the Riviere Maramequisipi. The Sieur La Renaudiere explored the region in 1723 and wrote an "Account of the mines of M. de la Motte and M. de Maramet." In May, 1723, Dixon D'Artaguiette wrote, "About one o'clock M. Renault, director of the mines, arrived here from the Meramek Mines." On June 14, 1723, Pierre Dugue de Boisbriant and Marc Antonine de La Laire des Ursin, Intendant, granted to Renault a league and a half of ground upon the "Little Merameig" and in the "river Merameig." The "Maroa," the Indian tribe whose villages were nearest to the river's mouth, seems to be the origin of the word according to Mr. Loewenstein. The second syllable "mec," "mac," "meg," or "meg" is a term common among the Algonquin tribes. It apparently signifies a branch river or small stream as opposed to "missi," "mitchi" meaning great. The many spellings would naturally result from the difficulty of settlers with the original name. (MISSOURI HIST. REV., "Earliest History of Mine La Motte," John E. Rothensteines, vol. 20, 200; Salem POST, Feb. 8, 1934; Houck, HISTORY OF MISSOURI, vol. 1, 281; Gannett, 205; R.M.; Wetmore (1837), 250; Bert Loewenstein, St. Louis POST DISPATCH (Sept. 10, 1938); Miss O'Brien's thesis)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Meramec School
Description:An elementary school at 2745 Meramec St., established in 1910. Named for the street on which it is located. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Meramec Station
Description:A post office in 1876 in southern Central Township. Named for the river. (Postal Guide (1876); COUNTY ATLAS (1878)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Meramec Township
Description:The westernmost township of St. Louis County, bounded on the north by the Missouri River, on the east by Bonhomme Township, on the south by the Meramec River, and on the west by Franklin County. The township is rocky, irregularly surfaced country. Some rich farm land, also lime, glass, and fire-clay constituents are found here. Named from the river. Spelled Meramec in COUNTY ATLAS (1838). (Scharf (1883), II. 1917 ff.; COUNTY ATLAS (1838); PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Merameg River
Description:See Meramec River.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mercantile Library
Description:A library at Fifth and Locust Sts., established in 1846 by some men who were interested in mercantile pursuits. It moved to its present location in 1851. (Scharf (1883), I. 887-91; Lange (1930), 101-2)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Merchants Bridge
Description:A bridge across the Mississippi River for railroad traffic. It was built for the use of St. Louis merchants (hence the name) to escape the additional charges on freight from the east which was billed to East St. Louis and then brought over on Eads Bridge. St. Louisans objected to having St. Louis ignored in bills of lading and having their freight billed to a smaller city. The bridge was authorized in 1887, begun in 1889, and opened for traffic in 1890. (Cox (1894), 63; Devoy (1898), 52; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 233-4; Head (1909), 51; Lange (1930), 50)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Michael School
Description:A school for physically handicapepd children at 4568 Forest Park Blvd., erected in 1925. Named for Elias Michael (1854-1913), member of the Board of Education. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Midland
Description:A post office established in 1902 and discontinued in 1904 in Central Township. So named because the electric car track ran down the middle of the road. Given as Midland Heights in PLAT BOOK (1909). (Postal Guide (1902-1904); Thomas (1911), I. 225; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Midland Heights
Description:See Midland
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mill
Description:In Central Township (unsolved) (Colton's MAP MISSOURI (1860)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mill Creek
Description:A small stream which had its source in Rock Spring, three miles west of the Mississippi, wound through the valley in a southeastern direction, and in the village days of St. Louis, emptied its waters into the river below the foot of Convent Street. The French called it La Petitie Riviere and Riviere au Tayon, meaning respectively "The Small River" and "Tayon's River." The Canadian Joseph Michel dit Taillon or Tayon constructed the first mill on this creek. The water was dammed up and a pond constructed, which became known as Chouteau's Pond, for Auguste Chouteau. The water power thus obtained was used to operate a flour mill, and in time the stream came to be generally known as Mill Creek. (Wetmore (1837); Colton's MAP MISSOURI (1860); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); McDermott; Drumm; MISSOURI HIST. SOC. COL., V. 18-37; Houck (1908), II. 15)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Milton Station
Description:In Central Township on the electric car line. (unsolved) (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mincke
Description:A station on the St. Louis & San Francisco Railroad in southeastern Bonhomme Township. Named for the Mincke family who lived here. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Missouri Botanical Garden
Description:See Shaw's Garden
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Missouri Pacific Railroad Company
Description:This railroad was begun at St. Louis in 1851 and was called the Pacific Railroad, an ambitious title, for it was the hope of the owners that the line would reach the ocean on the west. Progress was slow: by 1852 the track was ready for use to Cheltenham and by 1853 thirty-seven miles of track were completed and a train ran all the way across St. Louis County to Pacific in Franklin County. The Civil War retarded the progress of the road, but by 1865 the track was completed to Kansas City. It was incorporated as the Missouri Pacific in 1876. This company has absorbed several lines and now two lines run out of St. Louis: one, the original line, takes a southwesterly direction into Franklin County; the other, formerly the St. Louis Iron Mountain and Southern Railroad. (q.v.), takes a southerly direction and runs through Jefferson County near the Mississippi River. (Scharf (1883), II. 1144-71; ENCY. ST. L. (1899)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mizpah Presbyterian Church
Description:Organized on November 20, 1842. The congregation worshipped at the old Fee Fee Baptist Church until 1869 when the church was built. (Scharf (1883) says the building was erected in 1870). The name is taken from Genesis 31:49, where it is interpreted as signifying: "The Lord watch between me and thee, when we are absent from one another." (Scharf (1883), II. 1675; Thomas (1911), I. 139)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mokeville
Description:A post office in 1876 in northwestern Central Township. Named for the Moke family, who were farmers here. (Postal Guide (1876); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Moline Creek
Description:A small stream rising in south-central St. Ferdinand Township and flowing east through the northern part of St. Louis. On early maps this creek was known as Maline Creek, which name is explained in the Aug. 21, 1848 REVEILLE in this way: La Riviere Maligne (French for The Mischievous River) ,was so called from its rapid, sudden, and dangerous overflows. In early days the Indians along this creek added to its dangerousness. This is probably a folk etymology. It seems now that the name is Moline, a family name. Houck mentions Don Bernardo Moline, captain of the Spanish revenue cutter, Victoria, in 1797. (Wetmore (1837); PLAT BOOK (1909); Houck (1908), II. 138; REVEILLE (Aug. 21, 1848); Hertich; McDermott)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Moline Heights
Description:A subdivision on Halls Ferry Road. Takes its name from Moline Creek on which it is located. (Thomas (1911), I. 315; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Moline School
Description:A rural elementary school near Ferguson. Named for the creek. (Thomas (1911), I. 124)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mona
Description:See Hine
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Monarch
Description:A post office established in 1896 and discontinued in 1904 in northern Meramec Township on the Chicago, Rhode Island, and Pacific Railroad. Named for its location high on a hill. (Postal Guide (1896-1904); PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Monk's Church
Description:See St. Anthony of Padua Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Monroe School
Description:An elementary school at 3701 S. Broadway, established in 1899. Named for James Monroe (1758-1831), President of the United States (1817-1825). (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Moore School
Description:A rural elementary school in eastern Bonhomme Township. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Morschels
Description:A station on the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad in southern Bonhomme Township. Named for the Morschel family who lived here. (NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Most Blessed Sacrament Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Kingshighway and Northland Ave., organized in 1907. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word is attached. Named in honor of the Most Blessed Sacrament of the mass. (CATH. DIR. (1937); HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), I. 695; CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 243)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Most Holy Name of Jesus Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Emily Ave., and Grand Blvd., organized in 1865. The parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph. The name is self-explanatory. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 131; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mound Church
Description:See St. Paul's Church (Methodist)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mound City
Description:See St. Louis
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mound School
Description:A public school opened in 1846 at Sixth and Howard Sts. This school was abandoned in 1866. Named for the great Indian mounds that once stood in the vicinity. See Mound City. (Scharf (1883), I. 839; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1889); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, II (P-D, Nov. 23, 1923)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mount Auburn Church
Description:A Methodist Church in Wellston, descended from the Eden Church, built in 1857, and sold in 1892. A new church was erected and named Mount Auburn. Auburn, a stock name, refers to Oliver Goldsmith's poem, "The Deserted Village." (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1475; Gannett (1902), 31)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mount Calvary Church
Description:An Episcopal Church at Grand and Lafayette Aves., organized before 1861. A second bulding was erected at Lafayette and Jefferson, but was destroyed by the 1896 cyclone. The congregation returned to the first site. Named for the place of Christ's crucifixion. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 689; JOURNAL (1861-1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mount Carmel Church
Description:A Methodist Church at Centaur. Named for the mountain on which Elijah triumphed over the priests of Baal (I Kings 18:19). (Thomas (1911), I. 138)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mount Olive
Description:A village laid out and dedicated by M.F. Hanley in 1854. It was situated between Shaw's Garden and Forest Park and was made a part of St. Louis in 1876. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); COUNTY ATLAS (1878)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mount Olive Cemetery
Description:A Hebrew cemetery on Olive Street Road. Hebrews probably prefer to associate Mount Olivet with the scene of David's weeping over Absalom (II Samuel 15:30). (Thomas (1911), I. 89)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mount Olive House
Description:It was the temporary seat of justice for St. Louis County from the organization of the county in 1875 until 1878 when the courthouse was constructed at Clayton. (Scharf (1883), I. 162)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mount Olive School
Description:A school annexed to the University City school system in 1927. Not mentioned in the School Directory (1937). Cf. above. (Russell (1932)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mount Pleasant School [1 of 2]
Description:A rural school in northwestern Central Township. A name of approbation. (PLAT BOOK (1909); HIGHWAYS (1930); Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mount Pleasant School [2 of 2]
Description:An elementary school at 4528 Nebraska Ave., established in 1900. Cf. above. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIRECTORY (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mount Sinai Cemetery
Description:In 1849 the B'nai El congregation purchased an acre of ground on Gravois Road. This was used for burials until 1868 when six and a half acres were added and the Mount Sinai Cemetery Association was incorporated. In 1872 a chapel and sexton's residence were erected. This cemetery is noted for the splendor of its monuments. All members of the congregations of B'nai El and Shaare Emeth are entitled to free burial, as are also the poor. Named for the mountain where Moses received the Law (Exodus 19:11). (Scharf (1883), II. 1752, 1883; Thomas (1911), I. 89)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mount St. Rose Hospital
Description:A Catholic hospital at 9101 S. Broadway, established in 1900 especially for consumptives. It is under the management of Sisters of St. Mary. (See St. Rose of Linia Church, below). (CATH. DIR. (1937); CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mount Zion Church
Description:A Methodist Church at Creve Coeur built in 1871 by Walker D. Shumate. A cemetery by the same name is attached. Named for the site of David's palace in Jerusalem (II Samuel 5:7). (Thomas (1911), I. 138)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mrs. Cuthbert's Seminary for Girls
Description:See Wyman's School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mullanphy Island
Description:See Charbonier Island
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Mullanphy School
Description:An elementary school at 4221 Shaw Ave., established in 1914. Named for Bryan Mullanphy (1809-1851), philanthropist. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, June 25, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Musick's Ferry
Description:See Halls Ferry
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Musick's Ferry Inn
Description:A nineteen-room stone inn built about 1816 for and operated by Mrs. Blackburn, known as "Aunt Betsey." It was very popular in olden days. Named because it was near the ferry of that name. (Hertich (1934), 16)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Nadowesia
Description:Nothing could be learned of this place listed by Wetmore. If it ever existed, it was probably an Indian name, a shortened form of the tribal name of the Sioux or Dakotas: Nadow-ssiwag (Algonquin for snake-like ones or enemies), softened by the French to Nadowessioux, later shortened to Sioux. (Wetmore (1837)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Nasby
Description:See Valley Park
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Nativity of Our Lord Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Oriole and Harney Aves., organized in 1905. The parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph. The name honors the birth of Christ. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 235; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), 693; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Natural Bridge Road
Description:Laid out in the 1840s from West Mound Street in St. Louis to Normandy to Florissant. It was so named because its original right-of-way passed over a natural stone arch under which flowed Rocky Branch Creek or Stony Creek. (Hertich (1934), 30)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Nazareth Cemetery
Description:A Catholic cemetery near Nazareth Convent on Forder Ave. Named for the town of Christ's boyhood. (Thomas (1911), I. 89)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Neil
Description:See O'Neill
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:New Alsace
Description:A post office established in 1876 and discontinued in 1891 in north-central Bonhomme Township. The name is a tribute to the fatherland of the many settlers who came from Alsace to New Alsace in Bonhomme Township. Alsace is a province of Germany, now of France, between Vosges and Black Forest west of the Rhine River. (Postal Guide (1876-1891); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Thomas (1911), I. 257; ENCY. BRIT.)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:New Bremen
Description:See Bremen
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:New Cathedral
Description:See Church of St. Louis, the King
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Normandy
Description:A post office in northeastern Central Township. It is known as "Little Rome of America" because of its many institutions of the Catholic religion. It was founded by Charles Lucas, who was killed in a duel by Thomas Hart Benton, and whose father Jean Baptiste Charles Lucas (1758-1842), a Frenchman, had accepted the ground from the government as recompense for losses suffered in the New Madrid earthquake and had come to St. Louis County in 1815. Lucas evidently named the place for Normandy, France. (Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876--); PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich; Scharf (1883), II. 1410-1413)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Normandy Grove Station
Description:In Central Township east of Normandy, from which it takes its name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Normandy Heights
Description:A subdivision in Normandy from which it takes its name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Normandy Hill
Description:In northeastern Central Township, northwest of Normandy, from which it takes its name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Normandy Park
Description:In northeastern Central Township and southwest of Normandy, from which it takes its name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:North St. Louis
Description:Incorporated June 29, 1816 and annexed to St. Louis in 1841. A post office from 1876 to 1887. Named for its location. (Postal Guide (1876-1887); Stevens (1921)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Notre Dame de Lourdes Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Wellston, organized in 1902. The parochial school is taught by a lay teacher and the Sisters of St. Joseph. The name signifies "Our Lady of Lourdes." Lourdes, France, is celebrated as a place of pilgrimage for Catholics because the Virgin is said to have appeared there and still to perform miracles of healing. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 231; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Nottingham Avenue School
Description:An elementary school at 4920 Ivanhoe Ave., established in 1936. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Novitiate of St. Stanislaus
Description:Rev. Charles Van Quickenborne, Superior 1823-1831, gave 230 acres for the novitiate, which was established in Florissant in 1823 for the purpose of providing a college and conducting missionary work among the Indians. In 1839 a plot of ground was cleared for a cemetery and the remains of some who had died previously were brought to this place. A stone building was started in 1844 and completed in 1849. Incorporated as Stanislaus Seminary in 1870. It is locally known as Priest's Farm. (See St. Stanislaus Church). (Scharf (1883), II. 1647; Thomas (1911), I. 303)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Nuroad
Description:See Berkeley
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Nursery
Description:A post office established in 1893 and discontinued in 1925 in Carondelet Township on Gravois Road. Weber's Nursery was here and the place took its name from it. (Postal Guide (1893); Thomas (1911), I. 225; Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Oak Grove
Description:A settlement in west-central Bonhomme Township. A descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Oak Grove School
Description:Near Chesterfield in west-central Bonhomme Township. Named for the settlement in which it was located. (Thomas (1911), I. 125; Russell (1932), 1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Oak Hill Cemetery
Description:Near Woodlawn Station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad and Fairlawn on the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad. Incorporated in 1868 under the name of Oak Ridge. Because of financial troubles the property was sold in 1879, and in May of that year Oak Hill Cemetery Association came into existence. A descriptive name. (Thomas (1911), I. 89)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Oak Hill Church
Description:A Presbyterian Church at Bent Ave. and Humphrey St., organized in 1895. (PRES. BLUE BOOK (1902), 88; Minutes Synod (1905- 21)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Oak Hill School
Description:An elementary school at 4300 Morganford Road, established in 1907. Cf. above. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9); REPORT BOARD ED. (1929)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Oak Ridge
Description:In northwestern Carondelet Township. A descriptive name. (COUNTY ATLAS (1893)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Oak Ridge Cemetery
Description:See Oak Hill Cemetery
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Oak Ridge Park
Description:In Bonhomme Township south of Kirkwood. Cf. above. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Oak Ridge School
Description:A rural elementary school in eastern Meramec Township. Cf. above. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Oakdale Cemetery
Description:At Bobring near Lemay Ferry Road. A descriptive name. (Thomas (1911), I. 89)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Oakland Station
Description:In Carondelet Township on the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad and on the Missouri Pacific Railroad east of Kirkwood. A descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Oakville
Description:A post office established in 1886 and discontinued in 1904, in southeastern Carondelet Township. About 1866 J.S. Schulte, justice of peace and schoolteacher, impressed by the many sturdy oaks, gave the district the name of Oakville. (Hayward (1853); Postal Guide (1886-1904); Thomas (1911), I. 399)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Odd Fellows Cemetery
Description:A cemetery on south Broadway near Jefferson Barracks opened in 1893. Named for the lodge. (Thomas (1911), I. 89; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 339)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:O'Fallon Park
Description:A park in northern St. Louis on Bellefontaine Road. It was purchased in 1875. It was named for Colonel John O'Fallon (1791-1865), philanthropist and colonel in the U.S. Army, who formerly owned this tract. (Pitzman (1878); PLEASURE RESORTS (1881), 12; Devoy (1898), 93; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1666; Head (1909), 92)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:O'Fallon School
Description:An elementary school at 1409 North Fifteenth St. Cf. above. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, June 25, 1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Olcott Station
Description:The home of Charles H. Olcott, near Wellston. (Thomas (1911), I. 276)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Old Bonhomme Presbyterian Church
Description:See Bonhomme Presbyterian Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Old Bonhomme Road
Description:See Olive Street Road
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Old Cathedral
Description:See Church of St. Louis, the King
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Old Orchard
Description:See Clay Mansion and Webster Groves
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Old Orchard School
Description:See Lockwood School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Old Stone Church
Description:See Des Peres Presbyterian Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Olive Branch Church
Description:A Congregational church at Sidney St. and Missouri Ave., organized in 1884. A Bible name, symbolical of the church engrafted into Christ (Romans 11. 16-24). (REPORT CONGREGATIONAL (1893), (1896); YEAR BOOK (1933)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Olive Street Road
Description:From the Mississippi River at St. Louis to the Missouri River at Howell's Ferry beyond Gumbo. It was early known as Old Bonhomme Road; in 1851 the Central Plank Company acquired it and it became known as Central Plank Road. On August 9, 1858 the county secured it and it was given its present name. Legend says that the street was named by a pioneer who intended to grow olives along the road, but Mr. McCune says the downtown streets names were named for streets of Philadelphia, because J.B.C. Lucas, one of the judges of the Louisiana Territory, and William Carr Lane, the first mayor of St. Louis, came from Philadelphia. Philadelphia and St. Louis do have many names of streets that are the same, including Olive Street. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); Hertich (1934), 37; Cram (1924)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Olivette
Description:A post office established in 1910 and discontinued in 1915 in central Central Township on Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad. It has been incorporated since the 1930 census. Named for Olive Street Road, on which it is located. (Postal Guide (1910-1915); PLAT BOOK (1909); HIGHWAYS (1930); Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:O'Neill
Description:A post office established in 1889 and discontinued in 1891 in northeastern St. Ferdinand Township. It was named for Congressman John O'Neill (1846-1898). Spelled Neil on NAT. MAP (1930). (Postal Guide (1889-1891); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 310; NAT. MAP (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Orrville
Description:A post office established in 1876 and discontinued in 1895 in northern Meramec Township on Bonhomme Creek. Named for John K. Orr (1828- 1869) of the Orr family who settled here. (Scharf (1883), II. 1928; Postal Guide (1876-1895); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), II. 337)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Our Lady of Czestochowa Church
Description:A Polish Catholic Church at Victor and Bismarck Sts., organized in 1907. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Francis is attached. The lady of Czestochowa is the most celebrated miraculous Madonna of all Poland. (CATH. DIR. (1937); HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), 687; CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 237)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Our Lady of Good Counsel Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Eleventh and Destrehan Sts., organized in 1894. Named for one of the favorite titles of the Virgin. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 219; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), 625; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Our Lady of Help Church [1 of 2]
Description:An Italian Catholic Church at Tenth and Wash Sts., organized in 1894. Named for one of the favorite titles of the Virgin.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Our Lady of Help Church [1 of 2]
Description:An Italian Catholic Church at Tenth and Wash Sts., organized in 1899 at Nineteenth and Morgan Sts. and moved to the present location in 1902. A parochial in charge of missionary zelatrices of the Sacred Heart is attached. A favorite title of the Virgin. (CATH. DIR. (1937); HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), 682-3)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Our Lady of Lourdes Church
Description:A Catholic Church at University City. The parochial school is in charge of the Sister of St. Joseph. Cf. Notre Dame de Lourdes Church, above. (CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church [1 of 2]
Description:See St. Mary and St. Joseph Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church [2 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at Church Road and Halls Ferry Road. From 1863 to 1872 this church was a part of the Holy Cross parish. In 1872 the English speaking members decided to erect a church of their own. Mount Carmel, a well-known mountain ridge in Palestine, is called in Hebrew "The Garden" or "the garden-land" and is the site of a famous Catholic monastery. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Loretto at the Foot of the Cross is attached. (CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 157; CATH. ENCY. (1913), III. 552)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Our Lady of Perpetual Help Church
Description:See Our Lady of Perpetual Succor Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Our Lady of Perpetual Succor Church
Description:A German-American Catholic Church at Twentieth and Linton Sts., organized in 1873. The first church was built in 1874 and a new one in 1888-1889. The parochial school is taught by one secular teacher and Sisters of Notre Dame. Also called Our Lady of Perpetual Help. The name is a title given The Virgin Mary. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 161- 5; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Our Lady of Presentation Church
Description:A Catholic Church at St. John's Station, organized in 1916. A parochial school in charge of Sisters of St. Joseph is attached. The feast of the Presentation of the Virgin, celebrating her entrance into the Temple, is held on November 21. (CATH. DIR. (1937); HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Our Lady of Sorrows Church
Description:A Catholic Church on Kingshighway near Gravois Ave., organized in 1907. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame is attached. One of the favorite titles of the Virgin Mary. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 243; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Overland
Description:A post office since 1915 in northern Central Township. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Postal Guide (1915--)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Owen's Fort
Description:See Bridgeton
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Owens' Station
Description:See Bridgeton
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Pacific Railroad
Description:See Missouri Pacific Railroad Company.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Pacific School
Description:A rural school in 1932, but not mentioned in the 1937 DIRECTORY. (Russell (1932)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Pain Court
Description:See St. Louis
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Pain de Sucre
Description:See Carondelet
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Patterson's Settlement
Description:In St. Ferdinand Township, located on a grant of 1000 arpens of land given to James Richardson by a Spanish Alcalde, to whom he had presented a side-saddle for the Spaniard's wife. John Patterson, from North Carolina, came to this neighborhood. His descendants peopled the territory, consisting of from 1000 to 1500 acres, bound on the north by the Missouri River, on the south by Cold Water Creek, on the west by Hall's Ferry Road, and on the east by Bellefontaine Road. (Thomas (1911), I. 315; Hertich (1934), 16)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Pattonville
Description:A post office since 1886 in southwestern St. Ferdinand Township. Formerly it was called Fee Fee (q.v.). Its present name was given for John and Alex Patton, early settlers. (Scharf says that a post office was established in 1876). (Scharf (1883), II. 1896; Postal Guide (1886--); PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich (1934), 12)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Peabody School
Description:An elementary school at 1606 S. Eighteenth St. Named for George Peabody (1795-1869), philanthropist of Massachusetts and London. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Pelham Station
Description:In Central Township on the Wabash Railroad. Named for the Pelham family who lived here. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Penmar
Description:In St. Ferdinand Township. Named for the Penn family. Perhaps borrowed from Penmar on the border of Pennsylvania and Maryland, the name of which is a blend of the first syllables of these two states. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Penn School
Description:A rural elementary school in southwestern St. Ferdinand Township. Named for the Penn family. (Thomas (1911), I. 125; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Penrose School
Description:An elementary school at 2824 Madison St., established in 1894. Named for Clement Biddle Penrose (1771-1829), member of Board of Ladn Commissioners and one who was instrumental in securing property for public schools. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (July 2, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:People's Tabernacle Church
Description:A Congregational church at Twenty-third St. and Clark Ave., organized before 1893, but not existing in 1933. The name signifies its purpose to serve all people, like the tabernacle in the wilderness (Lev. 8.3). (REPORT CONGREGATIONAL (1893), (1896)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Pestalozzi School
Description:An elementary school at 1428 S. Seventh St., established in 1870. Named for Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827), Swiss educator. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Pilgrim Congregational Church
Description:A Congregational church at Washington and Ewing Ave., organized in 1866, now removed to Union Ave. "Pilgrim" as a church name is a favorite with Congregationalists, who remember the landing on Plymouth Rock in 1620 of the first members of their faith in the new world. The Mayflower "Pilgrims," had in mind in so calling themselves especially the Bible passage (Hebrews 11:13): "These all died in faith...and confessed that they were pilgrims and strangers on the earth." (DIR. PILGRIM CHURCH (1884-1902); YEAR BOOK (1933)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Pine Lawn
Description:A post office established in 1904 and discontinued in 1910, but reestablished in 1922 and discontinued in 1933. In northeastern Central Township. It was the home of the Francis family of which David R. Francis, governor of Missouri, was a member. A descriptive name. (Postal Guide (1904-1910), (1922-1933); PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Point
Description:In southern Carondelet Township at the confluence of the Mississippi and Meramec Rivers. Very early records designate Point or its near vicinity as [Finestown], which was laid out by Philip Fines who came to St. Louis in 1781 and died in 1824. He operated a ferry at Point. The name designates the situation. (COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Hertich (1934), 8)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Point Breeze
Description:A voting precinct in northern Carondelet Township near St. Louis City. Its location is high and exposed. (Thomas (1911), I. 400 HIGHWAYS (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Point School
Description:An elementary school in Carondelet Township, established in 1864. The school district is located at a point where the Meramec River and the Mississippi River flow together, forming a point out of the district; therefore the name. (Russell (1937); Wilson)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Pond
Description:A post office from 1876 to 1887 and from 1890 to 1904, in central Meramec Township. The place was settled by John Brockman, a native of Virginia in 1835. It was first called Speer's Pond for Cyrus Speers, an early settler, who owned land here and operated a store or tavern. Later the name was shortened to Pond. (Postal Guide (1876-1887), (1890-1904); Scharf (1883), II. 1927; PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Poro
Description:A post office in 1929. Neither the exact location nor the origin of the name of this place was discovered. Several informants suggested that it might have been named for a notorious negress who operated a school for beauty culture in St. Louis within recent years and whose legal difficulties were widely publicized. (Postal Guide (1929)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Port Royal
Description:A station on the Rock Island Railroad in northwestern Meramec Township. Probably named directly or indirectly for Port Royal in South Carolina, so named "because of the fairness and bigness thereof." (Gannet (1902), 213; PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Porter School
Description:An open air school at 5436 Natural Bridge Ave., erected in 1911. Named for William Porter. (ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, April 12, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Possum Hollow
Description:The lowlands two and a half miles west of the Burlington Bridge over the Missouri River in St. Ferdinand Township. Evidently named because possums were numerous in the lowlands. (Thomas (1911), I. 315; Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Powell W. Chambers School
Description:See St. John and James Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Price
Description:A post office from 1876 to 1887 and from 1889 to 1902 in central Central Township. It is also known as Walnut Plains, probably a descriptive name, and Claytonville. (Cf. Clayton). Named for the Price family. (Postal Guide (1876-1887), (1889-1902); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Thomas (1911), I. 252; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Price School
Description:An elementary school in Ladue, established in 1872. It was formerly known as Kennerly School. Named for Mr. Price, a farmer, who owned the land on which the school was built. (Russell (1937); Reed)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Priests' Farm
Description:See Novitiate of St. Stanislaus
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Prigge School
Description:A rural elementary school in eastern St. Ferdinand Township called Prigge School for Charles F. Prigge who came into this community in the 1840s. (Thomas (1911), I. 125; Lee (1932); Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Progress
Description:A post office in 1910. An ideal name. (Postal Guide (1910)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Prospect Hill
Description:The first station on the Burlington Railroad in the county. The St. Louis Portland Cement works are located here. Named for its situation just off Riverview Drive. (Thomas (1911), I. 309; Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Protestant Orphans' Home
Description:At Webster Groves. In 1850 Artemas Bullard D.D., a Presbyterian minister, helped to establish Webster College for which the town was named. In 1857 it was converted into a boys' school, which was abandoned at the opening of the Civil War. The Sanitary commission acquired it and made it into the Soldiers' Orphans' Home. In 1869 it was donated to the St. Louis Protestant Asylum, which was established in 1834 and was the first orphan asylum in St. Louis. It moved to Webster Groves and took its present name, which is descriptive. (Scharf (1883), II. 1915-7; Thomas (1911), I. 357)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Quarantine
Description:A post office from 1895 until 1910 in eastern Carondelet Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad and the Mississippi River. In 1845 the city of St. Louis bought fifty-eight acres of land to be used for sequestration of persons afflicted with contagious diseases. (Postal Guide (1895-1910); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 400)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Quarantine Island
Description:See Arsenal Island
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Quinette
Description:In central Bonhomme Township north of the Meramec River. Named by and for Oliver Quinette on Feb. 17, 1859. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); COUNTY ATLAS (1878)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ramona Heights
Description:A subdivision north of Carsonville in northern Central Township. Named for the park. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ramona Park
Description:In southern St. Ferdinand Township. Named for the heroine of Helen Hunt Jackson's famos novel RAMONA (1884). (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ranken
Description:A post office from 1886 until 1893 in Bonhomme Township south of the Meramec River on the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad. Named for David Ranken, for whom cf. below. (Postal Guide (1886-1893); PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ranken School
Description:In southern Meramec Township, south of the Meramec River. Cf. below. (SOIL SURVEY (1919); Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ranken School of Mechanical Trades
Description:A school at Newstead and Finney Ave., established in 1907. Named for David Ranken, Jr., who established the school through a $3,000,000 bequest. (ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (Sept. 1, 1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rebel Bend
Description:See Crescent
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Reber Place Church
Description:A Congregational Church on Macklin Ave., near the Insane Asylum organized in 1896. From 1893 to 1896 it was known as the Manchester Road Mission. Both names were given because of location. (REPORT CONGREGATIONAL (1893), (1896); YEAR BOOK (1933)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Resurrection of Our Lord Church
Description:A Catholic Church at 3880 Meramec St. The parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of Christian Charity. (CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Revis School
Description:See Grant School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rich Valley
Description:See Spanish Lake
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Richmond Heights
Description:A subdivision in Central Township, bordering St. Louis, and made in 1896 and incorporated in 1907. During the Civil War this site was selected by General Sterling Price (1809-1867), governor of Missouri (1852-1856), representative, and Confederate soldier, for beleaguering St. Louis. Named for Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Southern Confederacy, and for its location on the highest point in this section. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 334; Niesen)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Riddick School
Description:An elementary school at 4136 Evans Ave., established in 1870. Named for Thomas F. Riddick (1781-1830), earliest champion of public schools in Missouri. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, II (G-D, July 2, 1922; Sept. 15, 1938); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ridge Farm Station
Description:A station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad in Bonhomme Township, north of Meramec River. Ridgefarm on NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930). Named for its situation. (PLAT BOOK (1909); NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rinkelville
Description:See Wellston
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rio Fernando
Description:See Cold Water Creek
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rio Grande De Espiritu Santo
Description:See Mississippi River.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ritenour School
Description:Established as a rural school in 1867 and named for the man who gave the school site. Now it is the name given to the public school system at Overland. (Russell (1932), (1937); Hoech)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:River Des Peres
Description:A stream flowing through western St. Louis City into the Mississippi River near the southern city limits. It is now a part of the St. Louis sewerage system. So named because it was the site of an early settlement of that name. (See Des Peres) (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:River Merameig
Description:See Meramec River.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Riverview Gardens
Description:In southeast St. Ferdinand Township bordering St. Louis City. A descriptive name. (HIGHWAYS (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Riverview Gardens School
Description:Formerly known as Science Hill, a humorous name often used for schools in early days, as being centers of "science" or knowledge. Named for Riverview Gardens. (Russell (1932)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Riviere au Tayon
Description:See Mill Creek
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Riviere aux Biches
Description:See Cold Water Creek
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Riviere Colbert
Description:See Mississippi River.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Riviere de la Conception
Description:See Mississippi River.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Riviere de L'eau Froide
Description:See Cold Water Creek
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Riviere de St. Louis
Description:See Mississippi River.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Robertson
Description:A post office since 1895 in western St. Ferdinand Township. Until 1929 the post office was known as Anglum. It was given its present name to honor the Robertson brothers, who were aviators and pioneer airplane manufacturers. Here is one of the greatest aviation centers in the U.S. (Postal Guide (1895--); PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rock Bethel Church
Description:A Methodist Church on Wild Horse Creek; it was dedicated in 1859. Soon afterwards, it was found that it was placed on the wrong survey and the owner, Mr. Solf, refusing to sell, the building was lost. (Scharf (1883), II. 1931)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rock Church
Description:See St. Alphonsus (Rock) Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rock Hill
Description:A post office discontinued in 1897 in south-central Central Township. A descriptive name. (Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876-1897); COUNTY ATLAS (1878)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rock Spring
Description:The source of Mill Creek and one of three sources of water for Chouteau's Pond. Now the waters from this spring flow into the sewer. A descriptive name. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), IV. 1932)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rock Springs
Description:A subdivision laid out and developed by John B. Sarpy (1799-1857), merchant and financier. It was incorporated into St. Louis in 1876. Named for the spring (q.v.). Also see Rock Springs School. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), IV. 1932)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rock Springs Cemetery
Description:A Catholic cemetery on Bates and Sarah Sts., the first burying ground in the city over which the Bishop exercised full control. Opened in 1849 and closed in 1867. Named for the subdivision. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE (1928), II. 157)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rock Springs School
Description:An elementary school at 3947 Sarpy Ave., established about 1870 at Manchester Road and Papin St. and moved to present location in 1899. Named for the subdivision which originally extended from Grand Ave. to McCausland Ave. on the west and from Delmar Ave. on the north to Arsenal St. on the south. A number of large springs fed Mill Creek, which was in this district. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (July 15, 1925); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rockland Switch
Description:In eastern Meramec Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. A descriptive name. (NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rocky Branch
Description:See Stony Creek
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Roe School
Description:An elementary school at 1921 Prather Ave., established in 1888. Named for John J. Roe (1809-1870), steamboat captain and businessman. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, July 9, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Roosevelt High School
Description:A high school at 3230 Hartford St. The present building was erected in 1924. Named for Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919), President of the United States (1901-1909). (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (April 23, 1923); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Roosevelt School
Description:An elementary school in Normandy, established in 1920. (Russell (1937); Miller)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rosa
Description:A post office from 1902-1904. (Postal Guide (1902-1904)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rosary School
Description:A public elementary school near Florissant. Doubtless takes its name from the church. Cf. Holy Rosary Church. (Thomas (1911), I. 125; Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rosati-Kain High School
Description:A Catholic high school for girls on Kingshighway. Named for Bishop Joseph Rosati (1789- 1843), the first bishop of the Diocese of St. Louis (1826-1841), and Archbishop John Joseph Kain (1841-1903), who was made Archbishop of St. Louis in 1895. (THE CHURCH PROGRESS (July 8, 1926); Lange (1930), 97; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rose Hill
Description:A station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad in Kirkwood. A descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909); NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rosedale
Description:A subdivision on the Wabash Railroad. Now a part of University City. A descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rott School
Description:A school in eastern Bonhomme Township, organized about 1850. The log school was erected by Jacob Rott (1826-1871) and Martin Rott (1821-1897), brothers, German immigrants of some wealth and influence in the community. (Thomas (1911), I. 125; Russell (1932), (1937); Daugherty: DEDICATION PROGRAM (1931)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Rue Royale
Description:See Lemay Ferry Road
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ruegg
Description:A post office since 1910 in northern St. Ferdinand Township on the Missouri River. The Burlington Railroad tracks cross the river here. In 1903 John H.C. Ruegg (b. 1866), established a store here in 1903. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Postal Guide (1910--); Thomas (1911), II. 517- 518)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ruwwe School
Description:A rural elementary school in eastern Meramec Township. (Thomas (1911); Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sacred Heart Cemetery
Description:A German cemetery at Florissant. In 1874 the old cemetery was too small to accommodate the demand, so twenty acres, bought from Mr. Joseph Chapee, were added. In 1875 the old burial ground was condemned, then the remains, with headstones, monuments and mortuary decorations, were placed in the new cemetery. Named for the heart of Jesus, a special object of Catholic veneration. (Thomas (1911), I. 386 ff.)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sacred Heart Church [1 of 3]
Description:A Catholic Church at Twenty-fifth and University Sts., organized in 1871. A building was erected the same year and a new one in 1898. The parish school is in charge of the Sisters of Loretto. Cf. above. (CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 153)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sacred Heart Church [2 of 3]
Description:A Catholic Church at Eureka. See above. (Thomas (1911), I. 140; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sacred Heart Church [3 of 3]
Description:A Catholic Church at Valley Park, dedicated July 4, 1908. Prior to this time a mission served the people. Attached is a parochial school opened October 9, 1904 and in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame. For the name see above. (Thomas (1911), I. 140; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Saenger Hall
Description:At Manchester. A hall erected in 1881 for a meeting place for the Maennerchor, a singing society, organized by the German population on July 4, 1880. The society was incorporated in 1882 and was a pioneer institution of the kind in St. Louis County. "Saenger" is the German word for singers. (Scharf (1883), II. 1901)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Salem Church [1 of 3]
Description:A German Methodist Episcopal Church at Page Blvd. and Pendleton Ave., the first of its kind west of the Mississippi River, organized in 1841. A building was erected on Wash St. near Eleventh St. in 1842 and served the congregation for twenty-six years, when another building was erected at Fifteenth and Wash Sts. In 1905 the present building was constructed. Cf. above. (SALEM M.E. CHURCH (1906); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1465-5; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Salem Church [2 of 3]
Description:An Evangelical Church at Margaretta and Marcus Aves. Organized in 1885. Salem is another name for Jerusalem, meaning "peace." (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 703-4; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Salem Church [3 of 3]
Description:A reformed German Presbyterian Church at Sullivan Ave. and Fourteenth St., organized in 1888. This church is not listed in MINUTES SYNOD (1905-1912). Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1812; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Salem Methodist Church
Description:At Ballwin. (Thomas (1911), I. 138)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Samuel's Church
Description:A German Evangelical Church at Clayton. It was organized in 1905 by Rev. Uhdau. The congregation bought Mount Olive Saengerbund Hall, remodeled it, and dedicated it in the fall of 1906. A parochial school is attached. Named for Samuel, Hebrew judge and prophet. (Thomas (1911), I. 139)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:San Fernando
Description:See Florissant
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sancta Maria en Ripa Convent
Description:On the Mississippi River at 9900 S. Ripa Ave. It is the Mother-House of the Sisters of Notre Dame established in 1896. The name means in Spanish "St. Mary of the Shore." (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 271; THE CHURCH PROGRESS (July 8, 1926); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sands
Description:In northwest St. Ferdinand Township on the Wabash Railroad, on the Missouri River opposite St. Charles. Originally it was named Brotherton in honor of Judge Marshall Brotherton (1811-1875), sheriff, judge, banker, and merchant, who owned the land and established a ferry here. In 1883 the town was swallowed up by the June rise. Very little of the village now remains. Doubtless named for the soil. (Eaton (1916); Hertich (1934), 11-12; COUNTY ATLAS (1878); COUNTY ATLAS (1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1891)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sappington
Description:A post office that was discontinued from 1904 until 1915 in eastern Carondelet Township. It was named for a family of pioneers. (Hayward (1853); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876-1904; 1915--); PLAT BOOK (1909); Eaton (1916)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sappington and Eddie Cemetery
Description:See Sappington Grave Yard
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sappington Grave Yard
Description:Near Georgetown; the oldest burial ground in Missouri. It was purchased and laid out by Judge John Long. It is also known as the Sappington and Eddie Cemetery. Named for the Sappington and Eddie families, who established it. (Thomas (1911), I. 89; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Schofield Place
Description:In Central Township west of University City. Probably named for John H. Schofield (b. 1850), editor of the MISSOURI GAZETTEER, St. Louis. (PLAT BOOK (1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 2010)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:School of St. Thomas of Aquin
Description:See Maryville College and Academy of the Sacred Heart.
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Schroeder School
Description:An elementary school at 7306 Gravois Ave., established in 1930. Named for John H. Schroeder (1842-1917), businessman. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Science Hill School
Description:See Riverview Gardens School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Scruggs Memorial Church
Description:A Methodist Church at the corner of Cook and Spring Aves. The church is an outgrowth of a Mission Sunday School at 3700 Page Ave., organized about 1875 by Nathan Coleman. A church was organized in 1877 and a building was erected in 1884-5. Mr. Richard M. Scruggs gave $30,000 for the building. The church was known as Cook Avenue Church until 1907, when the name was changed to honor Mr. Scruggs (cf. below), an ardent and generous worker. (YEAR BOOK SCRUGGS MEMORIAL (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Scruggs School
Description:An elementary school at 4611 S. Grand Blvd., established in 1917. Named for Richard M. Scruggs (1822-1904), merchant and philanthropist. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, July 9, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Scudder
Description:A station on the old W. End Narrow Gauge Railroad in St. Ferdinand Township. Named for the Scudder family. (Scharf (1883), II. 1353; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Scullin School
Description:An elementary school at 4160 N. Kingshighway Blvd., established in 1928. Named for John Scullin (1836-1920). (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, Sept. 17, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Selma
Description:In northern Carondelet Township on the St. Louis - San Francisco Railroad. Cf. above. Now a part of Webster Groves. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Selma School
Description:See Goodall School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Seven Holy Founders Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Affton. A parochial school in charge of Ursuline Sisters is attached. The Seven Holy Founders were the seven founders of the Order of Servites in 1233 in Florence. (CATH. DIR. (1934-1937); CATH. ENCY. (1913), XIII, 736)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Shaare Emeth
Description:A Jewish Church that in 1867 withdrew from B'nai El and built in 1869 an edifice at 17th and Pine Sts. A new temple at Lindell and Vandeventer was built in 1897. Name means "Gates of Truth." (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1129; Keyfitz)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Shaw School
Description:An elementary school at 5329 Columbia Ave., established in 1907. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, July 9, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Shaw's Garden
Description:Also known as Missouri Botanical Garden on Tower Grove Ave. It was founded in 1860 and endowed by the Englishman, Henry Shaw (1800-1889), philanthropist for whom it was named. (Pitzman (1878); PLEASURE RESORTS (1881), 13-4; Devoy (1898), 95-102; Lange (1930), 119-20)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Shenandoah School
Description:An elementary school at 5329 Shenandoah Ave., established in 1926. Named for the street on which it is located. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Shepard School
Description:An elementary school at 3450 Wisconsin Ave., established in 1905. Named for Elihu H. Shepard (1795-1876), founder of the Missouri Historical Society, pioneer, teacher, and veteran of three wars. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, July 18, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sherman
Description:A post office since 1876 near the western line of Bonhomme Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. General William T. Sherman lived in St. Louis for a while, but it is not known whether the town was named for him or not. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Postal Guide (1876--)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sherman School
Description:An elementary school at 3942 Flad Ave., established in 1898. Named for William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891), general in the Union Army. (ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I) G-D, July 18, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sherwood
Description:A post office established in 1900 and discontinued in 1904; in Bonhomme Township south of Barrett Station. Doubtless named directly or indirectly for the forest in England. (Postal Guide (1900-1904); SOIL SURVEY (1919)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Shores Switch
Description:A post office established in 1893 and discontinued in 1896, in Carondelet Township. Named for the Shores family who lived here. (Postal Guide (1893-1896); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Shrewsbury
Description:A post office established in 1893 and discontinued in 1904 in Central Township on the St. Louis - San Francisco Railroad. Many places in the United States are named Shrewsbury for the town in England. (Postal Guide (1893-1904); Thomas (1911), I. 363; Gannett (1902), 238)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sigel School
Description:An elementary school at 2050 Allen Ave., established in 1906. Named for Franz Sigel (1824-1902), general in the Union Army and teacher. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, July 18, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Simmons School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 4306 St. Louis Ave. Established in 1898. Named for William J. Simmons (1849-1890), Baptist clergyman, educator, and author of MEN OF MARK. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Simpson Chapel
Description:See Trinity Church (Methodist)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sinking Spring
Description:In Bonhomme Township. A descriptive name. (Colton's MAP MISSOURI (1860)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sinks
Description:Many sink holes, varying from one to five acres in size, may be seen from Old Hall's Ferry to the Missouri River west of the Robin's Mill Road. They are fertile and susceptible of profitable farming providing the hole in each one does not get stopped up and interferes with the natural drainage. So named from the sink holes. (Thomas (1911), I. 315)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sisters of Loretto Convent
Description:At Florissant. On June 12, 1847 Sisters of Loretto took possesion of the establishement abandoned by Sisters of the Sacred Heart. The Sisters of Loretto was founded in 1812 at Hardin's Creek, Washington County, Kentucky. The order was so named in honor of "Our Lake of Loretto" in Italy. The new building was completed in 1882. (Scharf (1883), II. 1890; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), I. 292)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Skinker
Description:A post office established in 1918 and discontinued in 1922; west of St. Louis City. Named for Thos. K. Skinker, lawyer. (Postal Guide (1918- 1922); NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1939); Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Smith Academy
Description:See Washington University
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Smith School
Description:A rural elementary school in Meramec Township, established in 1857. The school site was acquired from Peter Schmidt and his wife, Catherine, farmers. The English name was given to the school rather than the German. (Thomas (1911), I. 126; Russell (1937); Propst)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Smizer Creek
Description:A stream rising in Bonhomme Township and flowing east into the Meramec River. Named for Smizer's distillery which was on this creek. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sn. Andre del Misuri
Description:See St. Andrew
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Soldan High School
Description:A high school at 918 N. Union Blvd., established in 1909. Named for F. Louis Soldan (1842-1908), superintendent of schools (1895- 1908). (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, date missing); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Soldiers' Orphans' Home
Description:See Protestant Orphans' Home
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:South Carondelet
Description:In eastern Carondelet Township just south of St. Louis. Named for its location. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:South Kinlock
Description:See Berkeley
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:South Kirkwood
Description:In Bonhomme Township south of Kirkwood. It is also known as Windsor Springs. Named for its location. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:South St. Louis
Description:A post office established in 1876 and discontinued in 1887. See also Carondelet. Named for its location. (Postal Guide (1876- 1887)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Southside
Description:In southwestern Bonhomme Township south of the Meramec River. Named for its location. (COUNTY ATLAS (1893)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Southwest High School
Description:A high school at 3125 S. Kingshighway Blvd. Named for its location. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Spanish Lake [1 of 2]
Description:A lake in northeastern Ferdinand Township. It was so named because the Spanish Governor Zenon Trudeau used it as a place of rest and retirement. It was owned by James De St. Vrain, who came to this county in 1795. It is also called Spanish Pond. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 311; Hertich (1934), X. 21)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Spanish Lake [2 of 2]
Description:A post office established in 1886 and discontinued in 1899 in northeastern St. Ferdinand Township on Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad. The post office was first known as Rich Valley. Takes its name from the lake. (Postal Guide (1886-1899); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 311; Hertich (1934), 21)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Spanish Pond
Description:See Spanish Lake
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Speer's Pond
Description:See Pond
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Spoede School
Description:A rural elementary school in west-central Central Township. (unsolved) (PLAT BOOK (1909); Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Spring Ferry
Description:See Halls Ferry
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Spring Park
Description:In Bonhomme Township on the St. Louis - San Francisco Railroad. Nothing was learned about this place. Probably a descriptive name. (COUNTY ATLAS (1893)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ss. Peter and Paul's Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Seventh St. and Allen Ave., organized in 1849. Parochial schools are maintained in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame and the Brothers of Mary. A cemetery, opened in 1870, is attached. Named for the two apostles. (Thomas (1911), I. 140; CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 99-101; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), I. 111; II. 158; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Adalbert Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Wren and Woodland Aves. A parochial school is in charge of the Polish Franciscan School Sisters. St. Adalbert (956-997), was the Bishop of Prague. (CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. ENCY. (1913)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Agatha Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Ninth and Utah Sts., organized and church built in 1871. In 1884 a new church was erected and in 1908 a new parochial school. The school is in charge of the Sisters of the Precious Blood. St. Agatha probably lived in the third century, a martyr of Sicily; she was put to death for her steadfast profession of faith. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 155; CATH. ENCY. (1913), I. 203-4; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Agnes Church
Description:See Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Aloysius' Church [See also St. Aloysis Church]
Description:A Catholic Church at Spanish Lake. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame is attached. Cf. above. (Thomas (1911), I. 140; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Aloysius Church [See also St. Aloysius' Church]
Description:A German Catholic Church at January and Magnolia Aves., organized in 1892. The parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame. St. Aloysius Gonzaga (1568-1591), is reverenced by the Roman Catholics as the patron saint of the young. (CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 207)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Alphonsus (Rock ) Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Grand and Finney Aves., organized in 1866. The parochial schools are in charge of Christian Brothers for the boys and Sisters of Notre Dame for the girls. St. Alphonsus Ligouri (1696-1787), was an Italian missionary. Usually known as the "Rock Church," from its construction of rough-hewn stone. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911); 149; CATH. ENCY. (1913), I. 334-40; CATH. DIR. (1937); CHURCH PROGRESS (July 8, 1926)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Alphonsus' Convent of the Redemptorist Fathers
Description:At 1118 N. Grand Blvd. and connected with the congregation of Most Holy Redeemer. Cf. above. (CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Ambrose Church
Description:An Italian Catholic Church at Wilson and Cooper Aves., organized in 1903. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of Loretto. St. Ambrose (340-397), was the Bishop of Milan. (CATH. DIR. (1937), CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 229; CATH. ENCY. (1913), I. 383)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Andrew
Description:A small settlement now engulfed in the Missouri River. James Mackay, a native of the Parish of Kildonan County of Sutherland, in the northeastern part of Scotland, and one of the first English-speaking settlers, established a settlement known as "Sn. Andre del Misuri." Makcay was appointed commandant by Gayoso in May, 1798. St. Andrew, patron saint of Scotland. (Scharf, II. 1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Andrew's Church [1 of 2]
Description:An Episcopal Church at Garrison Ave., and Glasgow Place, organzied in 1892. Named for St. Andrew, the apostle. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 689; JOURNAL (1897-1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Andrew's Church [2 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at Hoffmeister Ave. and Military Road, organized in 1905. The parish school is in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame. Cf. above. (CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 235)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Ann Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Whittier St. and Page Blvd., built in 1897. A new church was erected in 1910. The parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph. Cf. above. (CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 223; LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), July 569)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Ann's Asylum and Orphan's Home
Description:See St. Ann's Widow's Home, Lying-In Hospital, and Foundling Asylum
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Ann's Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Normandy. In 1855 the first building was erected, which is now used as a library. In 1857 another building was erected. Attached is a parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Loretto and a cemetery. Named for the mother of the Virgin. (Scharf (1883), II. 1914; Thomas (1911), I. 140; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Ann's Widow's Home, Lying-In Hospital and Foundling Asylum
Description:A Catholic institution at 5301 Page Ave., established in 1853 as a home for aged and destitute widows, a maternity home for poor or destitute women, and an asylum for foundlings. Also called St. Ann's Asylum and Orphan's Home. Cf. above. (CHAR. ORG. (1927); CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911, 273)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Anthony of Padua Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Michigan Ave and Meramec St. , organized in 1862 by the Franciscan Father Servatius Almicks, who came to St. Louis and received permission to found a Franciscan Convent in St. Louis and also a parish which was to be in charge of the fathers of that order. The church, called "Monk's Church," was consecrated in honor of St. Anthony of Padua (1195-1231), who performed many miracles. The parochial schools are in charge of the Brothers of Mary for the boys and the Sisters of St. Joseph for the girls. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911); CATH. ENCY. (1913), I. 556- 8)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Anthony the Hermit Church
Description:A Syro-Maronite Catholic Church at St. Ange and Hickory St., organized in 1898. Cf. above. (CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. ENCY. (1913), I. 553-4; CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 225)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Anthony's Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Centaur, organized in 1908. A parochnial school taught by a lay teacher is attached. St. Anthony, the founder of Christian Monasticism, lived in the third century. (Thomas (1911), I. 140; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Anthony's Hospital
Description:A Catholic hospital at Grand Ave. and Chippewa St., conducted by the Franciscan Sisters. In 1872 the sisters took charge of St. Boniface Hospital (for the name of which cf. St. Boniface Church, below) in southern Carondelet. When it burned they conducted St. Pius Hospital at Fourteenth and O'Fallon Sts. until 1900 when they moved to the present site in that year and called St. Anthony's Hospital. (Cf. above) (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 273; CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Augustine Church
Description:A German Catholic Church at Herbert and Lismore Sts., organized in 1874. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of Christian Charity. St. Augustine (d. 604) was the first missionary to England. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911, 167-71; CATH. ENCY. (1913), II. 81-3; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Augustine's Church
Description:An Episcopal Church at Bruno Ave. and Blendon Place. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 689; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Barbara Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Hamilton and Minerva Aves., organized in 1893. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame. St. Barbara was a virgin martyr. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 215; CATH. ENCY. (1913), II. 284-5; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Bernard Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Gratiot St. and Hawk Ave., organized in 1874. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of Christian Charity is attached. St. Bernard (778-842) was the archbishop of Vienne, France. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 175; CATH. ENCY. (1913), II. 496; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Bonaventura Church
Description:St. Bonaventura (1221-1274), was one of the most noted medieval writers, as well as a saint. His day is July 14. (See St. Charles Borromeo Church) (CATH. ENCY. (1913)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Boniface Hospital
Description:See St. Anthony's Hospital
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Boniface's Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Michigan Ave. and Schirmer St., organized in 1859. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Charity is attached. Named in honor of St. Boniface (d. 755), apostle of Germany and martyr. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 117; CATH. ENCY. (1913) 656-8; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Bridget of Erin Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Jefferson Ave. and Carr St., organized in 1853. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph. Named in honor of St. Bridget (about 450-525), the patroness of Ireland. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 109; CATH. ENCY. (1913), 782; LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), Feb. 14; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Casimir Church
Description:A Polish Catholic Church at Eighth and Mullanphy Sts., organized in 1889. A parochial school is in charge of the Third Order of St. Francis. St. Casimir (1458-1484), a prince of Poland. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 199; CATH. ENCY. (1913), III. 402; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Catherine of Alexandria Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Riverview Gardens. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Third Regular of St. Francis is attached. Named to honor St. Catherine of Alexandria, patroness of young maidens, who was especially famous for her brilliance of intellect. (CATH. DIR. (1934-1937); CATH. ENCY. (1913), V. 445)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Catherine of Sienna Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Page and Leroy Aves., Midland, organized in 1910. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Loretto at the foot of the Cross is attached. Named in honor of Catherine of Sienna (1347-1380), saint who died at Rome. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 263; CATH. ENCY. (1913), III. 447-449; CATH. DIR. (1937); LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), April, 377)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Cecilia Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Eiller and Alaska Aves., organized in 1906. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph. St. Cecilia, her patron saint of music, was a virgin martyr. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 243; CATH. ENCY. (1913), III. 471-3; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Charles Borromeo Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Twenty-ninth and Locust Sts. In 1871 the Italian Catholics built a church at Sixth and Spruce Sts., named St. Bonaventura (q.v.), but abandoned it in 1880 and sold the property. In 1900 they reorganized and named their church for St. Charles Borromeo (1538-1584), the Italian saint. He was a prominent leader of the Catholic Church during the period of the Reformation. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 229; CATH. ENCY. (1913), II. 619; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Charles Bridge [1 of 2]
Description:The Wabash Railroad bridge over the Missouri River at St. Charles built in 1869. (Thomas (1911), 285)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Charles Bridge [2 of 2]
Description:A bridge over the Missouri River at St. Charles was completed in May, 1904. It was used by the St. Louis, St. Charles and Western Electric Railroad Company for their streetcars until their line to St. Charles was abandoned. (Thomas (1911), I. 285)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Charles Road
Description:A road from St. Louis to St. Charles, laid out in 1772 along an old Indian trail and known as Kings Road. The present road does not cover the same route as the old road, although some sections of the old road, designated as the "Old St. Charles Road," are still in use and are narrow lanes practically the same width as when laid out. In 1819 the road was made a post and stage road, and in 1834 it was declared a public highway. In 1862 some of the road was macadamized, in 1865 the road was laid with rock and was known as "St. Charles Rock Road," or "Old Rock Road." In 1921 twelve miles had been concreted. It was the first concrete highway in St. Louis County. (Hertich 1934), 8-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Charles Rock Road
Description:See St. Charles Road
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Columbkill Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Michigan Ave. and Davis St., organized in 1872. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph. Named to honor St. Columba (Columbkill) (521-597), Irish saint and missionary to Scotland. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 157; CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. ENCY. (1913), IV. 136)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Cronan Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Boyle and Swan Aves., organized in 1879. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Loretto is attached. Named to honor St. Cronan (d. 640), an Irish saint. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 175; CATH. ENCY. (1913), IV. 515; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Edward Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Clara and Maffit Aves., organized in 1893. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph. Named to honor Edward the Confessor (1003-1066), saint and king of England. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 217; CATH. ENCY. (1913), V. 322-3; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Elizabeth Academy
Description:A Catholic institution at 3401 Arsenal St., founded in 1882 by the Sisters of the Precious Blood. Cf. St. Elizabeth Church, below. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 269; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Elizabeth Church
Description:A Catholic Church at 2721 Pine Blvd., for colored people and organized in 1873. Named for St. Elizabeth of Hungary (1297-1338), saint and daughter of Andrew (d. 1301), king of Hungary. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 59; CATH. ENCY. (1913), V. 387; LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), May 100; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Engelbert Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Carter and Shreve Aves., organized in 1891. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame. Named to honor Engelbert of Cologne (1185-1225), saint and archbishop. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 199; CATH. ENCY. (1913), V. 429; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Ferdinand
Description:See Florissant
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Ferdinand Commons
Description:Near the center of St. Ferdinand Township bounded on the west and north by Cold Water Creek and extended south to Kinlock. It was granted verbally by Lieutenant-Governor Trudeau to the Village in 1793 and contained 5,000 arpens (4,350 acres). These were for fuel and pasturage and were used as common lands until the second incorporation of the town in 1857, when they were leased for long periods of time (usually 1,000 years), in 40 acre lots at nominal rent. Named for the town. (Scharf (1883), II. 1887; PLAT BOOK (1909); Hertich (1934--)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Ferdinand Creek
Description:See Cold Water Creek
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Ferdinand Township
Description:The northeastern Township of St. Louis County, bounded on the north by the Missouri River, on the east by the Mississippi River and St. Louis, on the south by Central Township and St. Louis, and on the west by Bonhomme Township and the Missouri River. Named for the town (q.v.). (Scharf (1883), II. 1884 ff. PLAT BOOK (1909); NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930); R.M. ATLAS (1938)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Ferdinand's Cemetery
Description:At Florissant and used almost entirely by English-speaking people. In 1899-1900 the city authorities had all the bodies disinterred and, together with the slabs and all mortuary suggestions, carried away from the old grounds, which had been condemned. Now there is no sign of the old cemetery. It was in use as early as 1792. It retains the old name of Florissant. (Thomas (1911), I. 89; Scharf (1883), II. 1890)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Francis de Sales Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Gravois and Ohio Aves., organized in 1867. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame is attached. Named to honor St. Francis de Sales (1567-1622), Bishop of Geneva. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 145; CATH. ENCY. (1913), VI. 220; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Francis of Assisi Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Oakville. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph. Named to honor St. Francis of Assisi (1182-1226), then founder of the Franciscan Order. (CATH. ENCY. (1913), VI. 221; CATH. DIR. (1937), (1934)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Francis' Orphan Asylum
Description:A Catholic orphanage at Normandy for colored children. Cf. above. (CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Francis Xavier
Description:See Des Peres
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Francis Xavier (College) Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Grand Ave. and Lindell Blvd. In 1824 when the Jesuit fathers erected St. Louis University at Ninth and Washington, they built a chapel dedicated to St. Aloysius (q.v.). In 1841 a church was built on Ninth St. and Lucas Ave. and dedicated in honor of St. Francis Xavier. In 1884 when the University moved to Grand Ave., the present church was erected. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Charity is attached. (GREAT SPANISH MISSIONARY AND JESUIT (1506-1552); CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 187-9; CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. ENCY. (1913), VI. 234; LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), Nov., 602)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Friedling
Description:See Grover
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Gabriel the Archangel Church
Description:A Catholic Church at 4711 Tamm Ave., organized in 1934. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame. Named to honor St. Gabriel the Archangel, who was sent to announce to the Blessed Virgin Mary that she was to become the mother of Christ. (CATH. DIR. (1937); LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), March, 312)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. George Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Gardenville. Cf. above. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of the Most Precious Blood is attached. (CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. George's Chapel [1 of 2]
Description:An Episcopal Church at Olive St. and Pendleton Ave., organized before 1861. St. George of Cappadocia (d. 303) was adopted as patron saint of England. Also called St. George's Church. (JOURNAL (1861-1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 688-9; CATH. ENCY. (1913), VI. 453-6)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. George's Church [2 of 2]
Description:See St. George's Chapel
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Hedwig Church
Description:A Polish Catholic Church at Compton and Pulaski Sts., organized in 1904. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame is attached. Named to honor St. Hedwig (1174-1243), duchess of Silesia. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 235; CATH. ENCY. (1913), VII. 189; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Henry Church
Description:A Catholic Church at California Ave. and Rutger St., organized in 1885 as a German parish. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Francis is attached. Named to honor Henry II (972-1024), saint, German king, and Roman emperor. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 193; CATH. ENCY. (1913), VII. 227; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Jacob's Church
Description:An Evangelical Lutheran church at College and Blair Aves., organized in 1886. St. Jacob is the German equivalent of St. James (q.v.). (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 703; CATH. ENCY. (1913), VII. 261)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. James
Description:Near St. John on the old St. Charles Line. Named for the Apostle. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. James Church
Description:A Catholic Church at 1360 Tamm Ave., organized in 1860. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Dominic is attached. Cf. above. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 121; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. James Memorial Church
Description:An Episcopal Church at Cote Brilliante and Goode Aves., organized before 1886. Abandoned before 1922. (JOURNAL (1886-1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 688)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Johannes' Evangelical Lutheran Church
Description:At Manchester. Organized in 1867 and the building was erected in 1869. Named for St. John the Apostle, with the German form of the name. Also known as St. John's Church. (Scharf (1883), II. 1901; Thomas (1911), I. 139)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John
Description:See St. Johns Station
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John and James Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Ferguson. It was established in 1881 on land given by James E. Darst. Named for the Apostles. A parochial school in charge of Sisters of St. Joseph is called the Powell W. Chambers School, a gift of Mr. Chambers. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); Scharf (1883), II. 895; CATH. DIR. (1937); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (July 9, 1925)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John Cantius' House of Studies
Description:A Catholic institution at 3689 W. Pine Blvd., connected with the congregation of the Resurrection Church. St. John Cantius (1397-1473) was a saint of Silesia. (CATH. DIR. (1937); LIVES OF SAINTS (1914); Oct., 503)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John Nepomuk Church
Description:A Bohemian Catholic Church at Eleventh and Soulard Sts., organized in 1854. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame is attached. This parish maintains the Hessoun Orphanage at Fenton. Named for Msgr. Joseph Hessoun Orphanage at Fenton. Named for Msgr. Joseph Hessoun (1855-1906), priest and apostle of the Bohemians of America. St. John Nepomuk (1340-1393), was a native of Nepomuk, Bohemia. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 111; CATH. ENCY. (1913), 467; CATH. DIR. (1837)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John School
Description:A public elementary school at Mehlville established in 1846. Named after the St. John Evangelical Church, which is the cradle of the N.A. Synod. (Thomas (1911), II. 1883; Russell (1937); Bernard)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John Station
Description:A post office from 1924 to 1928 on the old St. Charles Line. It is said to have been named for Mr. John Ferguson's patron or "name" saint, St. John the Apostle. Thomas (1911) and PLAT BOOK (1911) call it St. John (PLAT BOOK (1909); Postal Guide (1924- 1928)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John the Apostle Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Sixteenth and Chestnut Sts., organized in 1847. Formerly it was a grand parish, but now it is surrounded by factories and is a poor parish. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph is attached. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 95; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), 98-100; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John the Baptist Church
Description:A Catholic Church at 4204 Delor St. Named for the forerunner of Christ. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of the Most Precious Blood is attached. (CATH. DIR. (1934-1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John's Cemetery [1 of 2]
Description:On St. Cyr Road. Cf. above. (Thomas (1911), I. 89)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John's Cemetery [2 of 2]
Description:At Mehlville on Sappington-Barracks Road. Named for the Apostle. (Thomas (1911), I. 89)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John's Church [1 of 6]
Description:An Evangelical Church at Fourteenth and Madison Sts., organized in 1852. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 702; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John's Church [2 of 6]
Description:An Evangelical Lutheran church at Ellisville. The first services in homes began in 1852. In 1854 a log church was erected one and a half miles southwest of Ballwin. In 1871 a brick building was erected at Ellisville. A parochial school is attached and instruction given in both English and German. Cf. above. (Thomas (1911), I. 139; Scharf (1883), II. 1733)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John's Church [3 of 6]
Description:An Episcopal Church at 3666 Arsenal St., organized in 1841. Cf. above. (JOURNAL (1861- 1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 688; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John's Church [4 of 6]
Description:A German Evangelical Church at Bellefontaine, organized in 1891. A parochial school is attached. (Thomas (1911), I. 139)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John's Church [5 of 6]
Description:A Methodist Church at Washington Blvd. and Kingshighway, organized in 1864 at Morgan and Fifteenth Sts. Moved to Twenty-Ninth and Locust Sts. in 1869, and to the present location in 1902. Cf. above. (YEAR BOOK OF ST. JOHNS (1903); Head (1909)St. John's Church, 106)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John's Church [6 of 6]
Description:See St. Johannes' Evangelical Lutheran Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John's Evangelical Church
Description:At Mehlville. The first building was erected in 1837 and in 1868 another one was built. A parochial school is attached. Named for the Apostle. (Thomas (1911), II. 1883)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. John's Hospital
Description:A Catholic hospital at 307 E. Euclid Ave., established in 1871. Cf. above. (CHAR. ORG. (1927); Devoy (1898), 229; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Joseph Church [1 of 3]
Description:A Catholic Church at Eleventh and Biddle Sts., organized in 1845. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame is attached. Cf. above. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 91; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Joseph Church [2 of 3]
Description:A Croation Catholic Church at Twelfth St. and Russell Ave., organized in 1904. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame is attached. Cf. above. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 225; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Joseph Church [3 of 3]
Description:A Luthuanian Catholic Church at Park and Armstrong Ave. Cf. above. (CATH. DIR. (1934- 1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Joseph Orphanage for Boys
Description:A Catholic institution at 4701 Grand Ave., established in 1835. The Sisters of St. Joseph have charge of the orphanage. Cf. above. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 283; CHAR. ORG. (1927); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Joseph's Academy
Description:A Catholic school in Carondelet built in 1841 by the Sisters of St. Joseph who had emigrated from Lyons, France in 1836. Named to honor the husband of Mary. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 267; Hertich (1934), 6; Devoy (1898), 104)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Joseph's Church [1 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at Manchester founded in 1839. It was first named St. Malachy's (cf. below) Church. Hertich (1934) says that the name was changed when the Germans became more numerous than the Irish, in 1869; Thomas (1911) says the name was changed in 1893. A parochial school has been attached since 1851. Cf. above. (Scharf (1883), II. 1901; CATH. DIR. (1937); Hertich (1934), 23-4)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Joseph's Church [2 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at Clayton, organized in 1842. From 1845 to 1885 the church was at Central and named St. Martin's, for the great French Saint (about 316-397), whose day is celebrated on Nov. 11. In 1885 it was moved to Clayton and named St. Joseph's (cf. above). A parochial school in charge of Ursuline Sisters is attached. St. Martin (d. 601), b. at Nautes, Missionary to Britain. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937); LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), 618-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Joseph's College
Description:A preparatory college of the Redemptorist Fathers, at Windsor Springs. Cf. above. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 259; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Joseph's Convent of Mercy
Description:A convent at Twenty-second and Locust Sts., maintained by the Sisters of Mercy, who also conduct St. John's Hospital at Twenty-third and Locust Sts. Cf. above. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 271- 273)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Joseph's Deaf Mute Institute
Description:A Catholic institution at 901 N. Garrison Ave., established in 1836, to educate deaf and dumb. Cf. above. (CATH. DIR. (1934); CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Joseph's Inter-Parochial School
Description:A high school for boys at 4701 S. Grand Blvd. in charge of the Brothers of the Society of Mary (Marianists). Cf. above. (CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Lawrence O'Toole Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Fourteenth and O'Fallon Sts., organized in 1855. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph is attached. Lawrence O'Toole (1128-1180), was an Irish saint. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 111; CATH. ENCY. (1913), IX, 91-2; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Leo Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Twenty-third and Mullanphy Sts., organized in 1888. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph is attached. Leo I (440-461), was a saint and pope. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 195-7; CATH. ENCY. (1913), IX, 154; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Liborius Church
Description:A Catholic Church at North Market and Hogan Sts., organized in 1855. St. Liborius (4th century) was the bishop of Sens in Gaul. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 113-115; LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), July, 521; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Louis
Description:The pronunication of St. Louis is an example of progressive Anglicization: French: _____; earlier American (now seldom heard): _____; usual present pronunciation: In 1762 Maxent, Laclede and Company, merchants at New Orleans, obtained a license from the French governor of Louisiana to trade with the Indians on the Upper Mississippi and the Missouri River. By February, 1763, France had ceded all her possessions in North America to Spain and England. On August 3, 1763, Pierre Liguest Laclede (d. 1778) and his party departed for the upper Mississippi and arrived at Fort Chartres on November 3. In December with a small party, Laclede selected and marked the spot where he wanted to build his trading post. He passed the winter of 1763-1764 in Fort Chartres waiting for the river to open up so that he could establish his new trading post. During this winter the news of France's delivering her territory east of the Mississippi to England reached Fort Chartres. Because there was so much excitement and fear in the minds of the French settlers, Laclede decided to build a village around his contemplated trading post so that those who were dissatisfied with the English government could move across the river to his village. Laclede sent the fourteen-year old Auguste Chouteau (1750- 1829), with thirty men and boys to build the new settlement. They landed on the designated place on March 14, 1764 and began cutting trees the next day. Early in April Laclede came over to the new settlement and selected the spot for his house. Laclede assigned lots to the thirty men who had helped establish the village. By the following year so many settlers had come over from the Illinois side that quite a village had sprung up. The settlement was known as Laclede's village.

Chouteau selected the name St. Louis for the village in honor of Louis XV of France, whose subject he expected to be for a long time (he never imagined that he was the subject of the king of Spain), and the king's patron saint, Louis IX, who ruled France in the thirteenth century and was commonly known as St. Louis. The derisive name, Pain Court, given to St. Louis, may be translated as "short of bread," indicating that very frequently there was a shortage of flour. It is said that St. Louis depended upon Ste. Genevieve for its flour and that often, due to the lack of money or to the poor method of transportation, the inhabitants were short of bread. Another explanation of the name is that the inhabitants of Carondelet were obliged to get their bread from St. Louis since they had no flour mills of their own. The loaves of bread were short or of short weight; this explanation gives a more nearly correct translation of the French name, Pain Court. It seems that the sense of humor of the early settlers manifested itself in the giving of derisive names to the neighboring villages, as in the case of Misere for Ste. Genevieve, and Vide Poche for Carondelet (q.v.). That the mocking name Pain Court for St. Louis had spread far beyond mere local usage is shown by its use in Thomas Jefferson's NOTES ON VIRGINIA (1782). In the American statesman's famous descriptive account of his native state, the French nickname, in the spelling, "Pancore," is apparently preferred to St. Louis: Jefferson speaks (chap. 2, page 11 of the original edition) of "the Spanish merchants at Pancore, or St. Louis." A rather striking and remarkable feature of the site of St. Louis was the large number of Indian mounds. The soubriquet Mound City was aptly applied to the town and even after the mounds had been removed, the appellation stuck. A post office was established in 1808. In 1809 St. Louis was incorporated as a town, and in 1822 it was chartered as a city. The limits of the city have been extended many times. In 1875 the city withdrew from St. Louis County.

(Green's Postal Guide (1831); Wetmore (1837); Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876--); EWT; Houck (1908); Thomas (1911); Eaton (1916); Violette (1918); Rader (1907); Williams & Shoemaker (1930); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); Scharf (1883), I. 64-7; Chouteau (1858); Switzler (1879); Fortier (1904), 341-2; Primm (1870); MISSOURI HIST. COL., Vol. V. 256; Drumm)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Louis Altenheim
Description:A home for the aged at 5408 S. Broadway established in 1899. The name is German for "Old People's Home." (CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Louis Arsenal
Description:An arsenal was established in 1826 on the Mississippi River. The buildings were completed in 1840. During the Civil War this was an important distributing post for arms. A post office was established here in 1876, but discontinued soon after. Part of the Arsenal grounds was granted to the city as a public park and became Lyon Park (q.v.). Nothing of the old arsenal now remains. (Postal Guide (1876); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 41-2)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Louis County
Description:Just a short while before St. Louis was founded, France gave up all her territoy in America. To England she ceded Canada and all that part of Louisiana east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans; to Spain, she ceded all that part of Louisiana west of the Mississippi River and New Orleans. Frenchmen disliked being under English power and it was believed that Spain could never exercise dominion over her newly acquired territory, so many Frenchmen crossed the Mississippi River into Missouri. Spain did not formally take possession of her vast territory until 1770. Under Spanish rule this county was in the district of St. Louis, which embraced all the territory between the Missouri and Meramec Rivers, west of the Mississippi. There was no western boundary. In 1800 by a secret treaty Napoleon acquired the territory owned by Spain, but the land was not delivered until 1802. At that time Napoleon was so busy with wars at home that he had little time for foreign territory. In 1803 the United States purchased the Louisiana territory from France. In 1804 the territory was divided and that north of the 33rd parallel was known as the District of Louisiana. The same five districts in Missouri as under Spanish rule existed during the early territorial days, except that the district of St. Louis was extended south to Plattin Creek. By the Act of Congress in 1812 the Missouri Territory was formed and the five districts were called counties. St. Louis County then was established in 1812, but since that time the following counties and parts of counties have been taken from the original county: Franklin, Gasconade, Osage, the northern part of Jefferson, and the eastern part of Maries, leaving the St. Louis County as it stood until 1876 when the city of St. Louis withdrew from the county. The Missouri River forms the northern boundary of St. Louis County; the Mississippi River and St. Louis City form the east; the Meramec River forms the south (except the southern line of Bonhomme Township is a straight line south of the Meramec River); Franklin County is on the west. Rivers form all but a small portion of its boundary. Named from the city. (Houck (1808), II. 377-380; Stevens (1909), 17 f.; ENCY. MISSOURI (1901), 457-61; Lange (1930), 5-52)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Louis Mullanphy Hospital
Description:A Catholic hospital at Grand Ave. and Montgomery St., the first Catholic hospital in the United States, established in 1828 by the Sisters of Charity. Mr. John Mullanphy aided the Sisters in establishing the hospital at Fourth and Spruce Sts., its first location. The hospital was named for its chief benefactor, John Mullanphy. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 277; Devoy (1898), 229; CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Louis Skin and Cancer Hospital
Description:See Barnard Free Skin and Cancer Hospital
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Louis University
Description:A Catholic university at Grand and Lindell Aves. Founded as an academy in 1818, developed into a college in 1820, and received its charter as a university in 1824. Father Charles Van Quickenborne, Superior, with his companion and assistant, Rev. Peter J. Timmerman and seven theological students, who established the Jesuit mission and Indian school at Florissant, were asked to found a school in St. Louis. The buildings were erected at Ninth and Lucas. About 1887 the university moved farther west to the present location. Named for the City. (Devoy (1898), 104-106; CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 37, 191)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Louis, Iron Mountain, and Southern Railway Company
Description:This company was formed in 1874 by the consolidation of four railroads, one of which was the St. Louis and Iron Mountain Railway Company. The later road was so named because St. Louis was the northern terminus and Iron Mountain the southern terminus. The new route extended from St. Louis to Texarkana via Iron Mountain; hence the name. This railroad was purchased by the Missouri Pacific (q.v.) in 1881 and became a part of its system. (Scharf (1883), II. 1172)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Louise de Marillac Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Jennings Heights organized in 1934. (CARTH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Louis-San Francisco Railway Company
Description:This railroad had its origin in the southwestern branch of the Pacific Railroad of Missouri, which became the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway Company in 1876. It used the Missouri Pacific line to the Pacific until a line which is almost parallel to the Missouri Pacific, could be built. Now there is also a southern branch that runs south from St. Louis through Jefferson County almost parallel to the Missouri Pacific Railroad and the Mississippi River. The name is an ambitious one, for the company hoped to make San Francisco its western terminus. Frisco is the popular name for the line. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1855-6; Scharf (1883), II. 1168)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Lukas Church
Description:A German Evangelical Church at Sappington, organized in 1880. A parochial school and a cemetery are attached. A German variant spelling for Luke, the writer of the Gospel which bears his name. (Thomas (1911), I. 140)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Luke the Evangelist Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Richmond Heights. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph is attached. Named for the writer of the Gospel. (CATH. DIR. (1934-1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Luke's Church [1 of 2]
Description:An Evangelical Church at 2336 Tennessee Ave., organized in 1870. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 703; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Luke's Church [2 of 2]
Description:A Methodist Church at Potomac and Texas Aves., organized in 1875. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1468-9; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Luke's Hospital
Description:A hospital at 5535 Delmar Blvd., organized in 1866. The hospital maintains a training school for nurses. Cf. above. (Devoy (1898), 231; CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Malachy Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Clark and Ewing Aves., organized in 1858. A parochial school in charge of the Christian Brothers and Sisters of Charity is attached. St. Malachy (1094-1198), a native of Armagh, was canonized in 1199. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 117; CATH. ENCY. (1913), IX. 565; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Margaret's Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Flad and Vandeventer Aves., organized in 1898. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Loretto is attached. St. Margaret of Scotland (d. 1093) fled with her brother to Scotland to escape the power of William the Conqueror and married Malcolm III of Scotland. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 227; CATH. ENCY. (1913), IX. 652; LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), June, 136; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Mark's Church [1 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at Page and Academy Aves., organized in 1893. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Dominic is attached. Named to honor the Evangelist. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 213; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Mark's Church [2 of 2]
Description:An Evangelical Lutheran Church at 6999 Clayton Ave., organized in 1843. (ANNIVERSARY OF REV. RHODES (1896); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 701-2)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Mark's Memorial Church
Description:An Episcopal Church at Washington Ave. and Fortieth St., organized in 1887. Abandoned before 1922. Cf. above. (JOURNAL (1897-1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 689)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Martin's Church
Description:See St. Joseph's Church at Clayton
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Mary and Joseph Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Minnesota and Kansas Aves., organized in 1823 and dedicated in honor of Our Lady of Mount Carmel (q.v.). In 1859 a new building was erected and dedicated in honor of Ss. Mary and Joseph. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph is attached. Named in honor of the Virgin and her husband. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 89; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE (1928), 204-5; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Mary Magdalen Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Kingshighway and Sutherland Ave., organized in 1919. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph is attached. Cf. above. (CATH. DIR. (1937); HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Mary Magdalen's Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Brentwood, organized soon after 1896. Named for Mary of Magdala (Luke 8:2), devoted disciple of Jesus. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Dominic is attached. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Mary of Victories Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Third and Gratiot Sts., organized in 1843. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame is attached. One of the favorite names for the Virgin. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 89; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Mary's Assumption Church
Description:A Greek Ruthenian Catholic Church art Dolman and Hickory Sts., organized in 1905, but not mentioned in the 1934-1937 Catholic Directories. The Assumption of the Virgin, celebrated August 15, is the Catholic term for her bodily resurrection and reception into heaven. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911); 237)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Mary's Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Bridgeton. Mass was celebrated here first in 1851 by the Jesuit Father, J.L. Gleizal in the home of Dr. John S. Moore (b. 1807), who helped organize the Medical Department of Kemper College. A mission was established in 1852. Attached is a parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Francis. Named for the Virgin. (Scharf (1883), II. 1527; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Mary's Infirmary
Description:A Catholic hospital for colored patients at 1536 Papin St., established in 1877 and conducted by the Sisters of St. Mary. Cf. above. (Devoy (1898), 229; CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 275; CHAR. ORG. (1927); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Mary's Orphanage for Girls
Description:A Catholic orphanage at 5341 Emerson Ave., established in 1841. The Sisters of Charity are in charge. Cf. above. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 282; CHAR. ORG. (1927); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Matthew's Church [1 of 3]
Description:An Evangelical Church at Jefferson and Potomac Aves., organized in 1875. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Matthew's Church [2 of 3]
Description:A Catholic Church at Sarah and Kennerly Aves., organized in 1893. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph. Named for the Evangelist. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 211; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Matthew's Church [3 of 3]
Description:An Episcopal Church at Clifton Heights organized in 1891. Abandoned by 1922. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Michael's Church [1 of 2]
Description:A Catholic Church at Eleventh and Clinton Sts., organized in 1849. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Loretto is attached. Cf. above. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911); HIST. ARCHDIOCESE (1928), 100-3; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Michael's Church [2 of 2]
Description:A German Catholic Church at Shrewsbury Park, organized in 1895. A parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame. Named for the Archangel. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 245; CATH. ENCY., X. 274; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Monica's Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Creve Coeur in Bonhomme Township, organized and the building erected in 1872. The parish was founded and the building erected by Rev. H. Myhlsiepen. A parochial school formerly in charge of the Ursuline Sisters but now in charge of the Sisers of the Most Precious Blood is attached. Named for St. Monica (333-387), mother of Augustine. She was born in Africa, followed her son to Italy, and after 17 years converted him to Christianity. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Nicholas Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Nineteenth St. and Lucas Ave., organized in 1865. A parochial school for colored pupils in charge of the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament is attached. St. Nicholas lived about 300 A.D. He is the patron saint of seafaring men, thieves, virgins and children. From the last-named function sprang his evolution into our modern Santa Claus, a corrupted form of his name. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 139; CATH. ENCY. (1913), XI. 54; LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), March, 421-34)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Patrick Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Sixth and Biddle Sts., organized in 1844. A parochial school in charge of the Daughters of Charity is attached. St. Patrick (387-458), was the great Irish saint. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 91; LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), March, 285; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Patrick's Day Nursery and Emergency Home
Description:A Catholic institution at 1201 N. Sixth St., established in 1910 to care for the children of working women and to provide temporary homes for delinquents and children without homes. Cf. above. (CHAR. ORG. (1927); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Paul
Description:On the eastern line of Meramec Township, on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Named for the Apostle. Also is called Lewisburgh. (COUNTY ATLAS (1878); COUNTY ATLAS (1893)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Paul the Apostle Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Pine Lawn, organized in 1909. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Loretto is attached. Cf. above. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 263; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Paul's Church [1 of 5]
Description:An Episcopal Church at Michigan Ave. and Malt St., organized in 1840. Disorganized in 1861 and reorganized in 1868 and moved to the present location. Cf. above. (JOURNAL (1861-1909); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 688)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Paul's Church [2 of 5]
Description:An Evangelical Lutheran Church at Des Peres in 1883. It was organized in 1848 and the church was erected in 1866. A parochial school is attached. Cf. above. (Scharf (1883), II. 1914)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Paul's Church [3 of 5]
Description:A German Evangelical Church at Stratman in 1911. It was organized in 1843. A parochial school was attached. Cf. above. (Thomas (1911), I. 140)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Paul's Church [4 of 5]
Description:A Methodist Church at 1927 St. Louis Ave., descended from the Mound Society which was organized in 1841. The church was known as Mound Church until 1872 when it moved to its present site. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Paul's Church [5 of 5]
Description:A Catholic Church at Fenton; the building was erected in 1879. A parochial school in charge of Sisters of the Most Precious Blood and a cemetery are attached. Cf. above. (Scharf (1883), II. 1903; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Paul's Evangelical Church
Description:In Carondelet Township, organzied in 1838, one mile west of Oakville on Baumgartner Road. A parochial school is attached, in which instruction is given in German. A cemetery was established at the same time as the church. Cf. above. (Scharf (1883), II. 1882)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Peter's Church [1 of 4]
Description:A German Evangelical Church at Normandy in 1911, organized in 1863. A parochial school was attached. (Thomas (1911), I. 139)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Peter's Church [2 of 4]
Description:A German Evangelical Church at 4115 St. Louis Ave., organized in 1843. This church has a cemetery on Hunt and Lucas Aves. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 702; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Peter's Church [3 of 4]
Description:A Catholic Church at Kirkwood; the church was erected in 1833. A school in charge of the Ursuline Sisters and a cemetery are attached. Named for the chief of the apostles. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Peter's Church [4 of 4]
Description:An Episcopal Church at Lindell Blvd. and Spring Ave., organized in 1872. Cf. above. (JOURNAL (1897-1909; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 689)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Philip Neri Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Durant and Thekla Aves., organized in 1919. A parochial school in charge of Sisters of St. Joseph is attached. Named to honor St. Philip Neri (1515-1595), the founder of the congregation of oratory of Italy. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937); LIVES OF SAINTS (1914, May), 391)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Philip's Church
Description:An Episcopal Church at Union and Maple Aves., organized in 1895. Named for the apostle. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Philomena's Technical School
Description:A Catholic institution at 5300 Cabanne Ave., established as an orphanage in 1832 at Third and Gratiot Sts. Took its present name in 1861. It provides a home for poor girls and gives a common school education and teaches them a trade so that they become self-reliant. St. Philomena was a Roman saint, about whom nothing is known. (Devoy (1898), 104; CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 283; CATH. ENCY. (1913), XI. 25; CHAR. ORG. (1927); CATH. DIR. (1938)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Pius Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Grand Ave. and Utah St., organized in 1905. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Loretto is attached. Named to honor Pius V (1504-1572), saint and pope. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 239-41; CATH. DIR. (1937); LIVES OF SAINTS (1941), May, 80)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Pius Hospital
Description:See St. Anthony's Hospital
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Raymond Church
Description:A Syro-Maronite Catholic Church at 931 LaSalle St. St. Raymond (d. 1240), was a Catalonian saint whose life was filled with miracles. (CATH. DIR. (1934-1937); LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), Aug., 401)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Rita Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Vanita Park, organized in 1913. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph is attached. St. Rita (1386-1456), performed many miracles. (CATH. ENCY. (1913); HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Roch Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Waterman and Rosedale Aves., organized in 1911. A parochial school in charge of Sisters of St. Joseph is attached. Named for St. Roch, 14th century saint, native of Montpellier. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE (1928); CATH. DIR. (1937); LIVES OF SAINTS (1914), Aug., 155)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Rose of Lima Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Maple and Goodfellow Aves., organized in 1883. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Loretto is attached. St. Rose of Lima, Peru (1586-1617), was a saint, virgin, and patroness of America. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 185; CATH. ENCY. (1913), XIII, 192-3; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Stanislaus Church
Description:A Polish Catholic Church at 1413 N. Twentieth St., organized in 1882. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis is attached. St. Stanislaus Kotska (1550-1568), was a Polish saint. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 181; CATH. ENCY. (1913); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Stanislaus Seminary
Description:See Novitiate of St. Stanislaus
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Stephen, Protomartyr, Church
Description:A Catholic Church at 3949 Wilmington Ave. A parochial school in charge of Sisters of Precious Blood is attached. The name emphasizes St. Stephen's distinctive as first Christian Martyr. (CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Stephens
Description:In southern Meramec Township on the St. Louis, San Francisco Railroad and Missouri Pacific Railroad. Cf. above. (NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Stephen's Church [1 of 2]
Description:An Episcopal Church at Ferguson organized before 1897. Cf. above. (JOURNAL (1897- 1909); Thomas (1911), I. 138)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Stephen's Church [1 of 2]
Description:An Evangelical Church at 8404 Halls Ferry Road; organized in 1896. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 704; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Stephen's Memorial Church
Description:An Episcopal Church at Sixth and Rutger Sts., organized in 1899. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Teresa Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Grand Ave. and N. Market St., organized in 1865. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame is attached. Named to honor St.Teresa of Avila (1515-1582), writer and nun. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 137; CATH. DIR. (1937); CATH. ENCY. (1913), XIV. 516)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Thomas Church
Description:A German Evangelical Church at Gumbo, organized in 1907. A parochial school is attached. Named for the Apostle. (Thomas (1911), I. 139)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Thomas of Aquin Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Iowa Ave. and Osage St., organized in 1882 by the English-speaking parishoners of St. Anthony's (q.v.). A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph is attached. Thomas of Aquin or Aquinas (1225?-1275) was a saint, philosopher, Theologian, doctor of the church, patron of Catholic universities, colleges, and schools. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 193; ST. THOMAS AQUIN (1932); CATH. ENCY. (1913), XIV, 663; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Vincent
Description:The station for St. Vincent's Insane Asylum in northeastern Central Township. St. Vincent was a Spanish martyr under Diocletan in 304. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Vincent de Paul Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Ninth and Barry Sts., organized in 1839 and dedicated in honor of the Holy Trinity (q.v.). In 1844 the name was changed to St. Vincent De Paul to honor the French saint who lived from 1580-1660. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph is attached. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 93; CATH. ENCY. (1913), XV. 434; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Vincent's Asylum for the Insane
Description:See St. Vincent's Institution
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Vincent's Institution
Description:On St. Charles Road a short distance from Wellston. A self-sustaining institution under the care of the Sisters of St. Joseph, established in 1858. This asylum was until 1894 located on the corner of Marion and Decatur Sts. in St. Louis. It is also known as St. Vincent's Asylum for the Insane. Cf. above. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 278)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:St. Wenceslaus Church
Description:A Bohemian Catholic Church on Oregon between Crittenden and Arsenal Sts., organized in 1894. A parochial school in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame is attached. Named to honor St. Wenceslaus (903-935), duke, martyr, and patron of Bohemia. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 219; CATH. ENCY. (1913), XV, 587; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Stein Heights
Description:In Carondelet Township. Named for a family. (Thomas (1911), I. 226; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Stevens
Description:In northern Meramec Township on the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad. Named for Lewis Stevens, a farm owner, who came from Virginia to Missouri in 1832. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Stix School
Description:An elementary school at 226 S. Euclid Ave., established in 1922. Named for William Stix (1838-1914), St. Louis merchant. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, July 23, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Stockey
Description:In Carondelet Township on the St. Louis - San Francisco Railroad. (NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Stony Creek
Description:Rising in St. Louis and emptying into the Mississippi River. It is also called Rocky Branch. Both names are descriptive of its bed. (COUNTY ATLAS (1838)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Stowe Teachers College
Description:A training school for colored teachers in St. Louis public schools at 4318 St. Louis Ave. Named for Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896), American novelist. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938- 9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Stratman
Description:A post office established in 1886 and discontinued in 1904 near the center of Central Township. Spelled Stratmann in the 1901 Postal Guide. Named for the Stratman family, Germans, who lived here. (Postal Guide (1886-1904); PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Stringtown
Description:In west- central Bonhomme Township two miles west of Florissant. Said to have been so named for the Frenchmen, who went to Florissant and came home drunk, and who would "string" along the road to their homes. The road was known as Stringtown Road. The name is a common one in Missouri for any town strung along a single street. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911); I. 315; Breckenridge)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Studt
Description:A post office established in 1897 and discontinued in 1902; near Creve Coeur Lake. Named for Jacob Studt, farmer and resort operator. (Postal Guide (1897-1902); Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Studts Heights
Description:In Central Township, north of Ballas. Cf. above. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sugar Creek [1 of 2]
Description:Rising in Bonhomme Township and flowing into Grand Glaze Creek. Cf. above. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sugar Creek [2 of 2]
Description:Rising in southeastern Carondelet Township and flowing into the Mississippi River. Doubtless named for sugar maples along its banks. (SOIL SURVEY (1919)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sulphur Springs
Description:See Cheltenham
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sumner High School
Description:A high school for colored pupils at 4248 W. Cottage Ave., established in 1910. Named for Charles Sumner (1811-1874), U.S. senator (1851-1874) and champion of the negro. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, Sept. 23, 1923); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sunset Inn
Description:An inn in western Carondelet Township between Sappington and Fenton opened about 1911. A descriptive name. (Thomas (1911), I. 402- 3; HIGHWAYS (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sutter
Description:A post office established in 1887 and discontinued in 1904 in Central Township and now a part of University City. Named for the Sutter family who were land owners here. (Postal Guide (1887-1904); Hertich; Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sutton School
Description:An elementary school in Maplewood, established in 1854 and called Washington Institute. James C. Sutton, Sr. donated the site. James C. Sutton, Sr. was chairman of the board of trustees from 1854-1866; John L. Sutton, Sr. followed him in the same office; and James C. Sutton, Jr. followed him and held the office until 1908. The school was probably named to honor all three. (Russell (1937); Dille)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Sutton Station
Description:In Central Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad south of Maplewood. It was named for James C. Sutton (b. 1847), a farmer, who owned a large farm on which is the city of Maplewood. (q.v.) (PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 321)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Swedish Church
Description:A Congregational Church at Eleventh and Locust Sts. in 1893. Moved to Armstrong Ave. and Hickory St. in 1896. So named because it served the Swedish people. (REPORT OF CONGREGATIONAL (1893), (1896)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Taussig School
Description:An open air school at 1540 S. Grand Ave., erected in 1915. Named for William Taussig (1826-1913), physician, financier, and member of Board of Education (1899-1911). (ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, July 23, 1922); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Tavern Creek
Description:A stream rising in western Meramec Township and flowing into Franklin County. (Unsolved) (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Taylor Avenue German Methodist Church
Description:See Ebenezer Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Telegraph Road
Description:From St. Louis City south through Carondelet Township. So named because it followed the telegraph line from St. Louis south. (COUNTY ATLAS (1873)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Temple Israel
Description:In 1886 a faction withdrew from Shaare Emeth and dedicated this house of worship at Twenty-eighth and Pine Sts. in 1888. A new temple was erected at Washington Blvd. and Kingshighway. Named in honor of the father of the twelve Jewish tribes. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1129)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:The Lutheran Altenheim
Description:A home at 1906 Lafayette Ave. for aged people. The name means "old people's home." (CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:The People's Hospital
Description:A hospital for colored patients at 3447 Pine St., organized in 1918 to take care of the sick, whether pay or charity, and to conduct a training school for nurses. The name indicates its universal purpose. (CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:The Principia
Description:An educational institution comprising lower school, upper school, and college, founded in 1898 by Mrs. Wm. Morgan for the education of Christian Scientists. The Junior College Department, established in 1910, has been removed to Elsah, Illinois. The name was adopted about 1900. It was coined on the model of such school names as Concordia Seminary in Lafayette County, Alexandria College in Clark County, and others, from the term "Principle," much used by Christian Scientists as a name for God. (Templin (1926), 135-143; ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (Jan. 8, 1928); Leonard)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:The Queen's Daughters
Description:A Catholic institution at 3731 Lindell Blvd., established in 1889 to maintain a boarding home for self-supporting girls and women. Named for the Virgin, who is called "Queen of Heaven" by Catholics. (CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:The Russell Home
Description:1214 N. Garrison Ave., Branch of W.C.A. organized in 1907. A boarding house for aged women who have limited incomes at 1214 N. Garrison Ave. A branch of the Women's Christian Association organized in 1907. (CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Thomas Station
Description:In Central Township on the old St. Charles Electric Line. Named for the Thomas family who lived here. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Topper Hill
Description:In central Central Township west of Central. (COUNTY ATLAS (1878)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Tower Grove
Description:In west St. Louis, a station on the St. Louis - San Francisco Railroad and the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Named for the home of Henry Shaw, founder of Shaw's Garden (q.v.), who lived nearby. (NAT. MAP MISSOURI (1930); Stevens; Breckenridge)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Tower Grove Park
Description:A park in southwestern St. Louis adjoining Shaw's Garden. Part of the 276 acres was a gift of Mr. Shaw, who named the park. (Pitzman (1878); PLEASURE RESORTS (1881), 11-2; Devoy (1898), 90-1; Head (1909), 86-7; Scharf (1883), I. 753- 4)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Trinity Church [1 of 3]
Description:An Episcopal Church at 4005 Washington Blvd., organized in 1855. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 689; JOURNAL (1861-1909); Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Trinity Church [2 of 3]
Description:A Methodist Church at Thirteenth and Tyler Sts. This is said to be the oldest Methodist Episcopal Church in St. Louis because of its descent from Simpson Chapel which was named for a prominent Methodist family. Before Simpson Chapel there was a house of worship called Hedding Chapel, in honor of Bishop Hedding, at Eleventh and Destrahn Sts. Organized in 1856, lot purchased and Simpson Chapel erected; in 1869-70 the present building was erected. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1468; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Trinity Church [3 of 3]
Description:An Evangelical Church on Neosho St. and Michigan Ave., organized in 1892. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 704)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Turner School
Description:A school for physically handicapped colored children at 4235 Kennerly Ave., established in 1925. Named for Charles H. Turner (1867-1923), scientist. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Tuxedo
Description:A post office established in 1895 and discontinued in 1904 in Central Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. One of the burroughs making up Webster Groves. Probably borrowed, as are many other places in the United States, from Tuxedo or Tuxedo Park, New York. The name was originally an Indian one, derived from P'tauk-seet-tough, meaning "the place of bears." (Postal Guide (1895-1904); Thomas (1911); Hertich; Gannett (1902), 257)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Tuxedo Park
Description:A subdivision. Named for the town (q.v.)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Tuxedo Park School
Description:See Avery School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Twillmann School
Description:A rural elementary school in eastern St. Ferdinand Township. (Thomas (1911), I. 126; Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Tyson
Description:In Bonhomme Township south of the Meramec River on the St. Louis - San Francisco Railroad. Named for the Tyson family. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Union Church [1 of 2]
Description:A Congregational Church at 1433 N. Tenth St. near Cass Ave., organized before 1893. The church does not exist now. Abandoned before 1922. An ideal name. (REPORT CONGREGATIONAL (1892), (1896)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Union Church [2 of 2]
Description:A Methodist Church at 3610 Delmar Blvd., established in 1863. At first they worshipped in a Presbyterian Church at Eleventh and Locust Sts., which they purchased. In 1880 the church at Lucas and Garrison Aves. was erected. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Uniondale
Description:In Central Township on St. Charles Road. Cf. above. (SOIL SURVEY (1919)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:University City
Description:In eastern Central Township. Developed by E.J. Lewis, who hoped to make it a city of universities. He was successful in getting Washington University to locate here. It was incorporated in 1906, and has been a post office since 1925. (Postal Guide (1925--); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 268)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Upper Creve Coeur Lake
Description:See Creve Coeur Lake
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ursuline Convent
Description:A Catholic convent at Kirkwood, organized in 1848 on Fifth St. in St. Louis by the Ursuline Sisters from Vienna. In 1850 they built a convent at Twelfth and Russell Ave. and later moved to Kirkwood. The Ursuline order is a religious one for education of young girls, founded in the sixteenth century by St. Angela Merici, a native of Italy. It is so called from its patron, St. Ursula, a British princess martyred, according to legend, at Cologne about 300 A.D. (CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 267; CATH. ENCY. (1913), xv. 228; Devoy (1898), 104; HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), 37-41)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Valley
Description:See Bartold
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Valley Park
Description:A post office since 1887 in Bonhomme Township on the St. Louis - San Francisco Railroad and Missouri Pacific Railroad. The station and community were called Meramec for the river. The post office is listed as Nasby in the 1886 Postal Guide. Thomas (1911) says it is possible that the fame of Petroleum V. Nasby, pseudonym of D.R. Locke (1833-1888), American humorist, had penetrated to this remote spot. From 1896 to 1904 the post office is spelled Valleypark in the Postal Guides. A descriptive name. (Postal Guide (1886--); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 379 ff.)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Valley School [1 of 2]
Description:See Bartold Valley School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Valley School [2 of 2]
Description:See Hyatt School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Van Studiford Station
Description:In Central Township. Said to be named for an actress, Grace Van Studiford, about whom nothing could be found. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Vandover School
Description:A rural elementary school in southern Bonhomme Township. (Thomas (1911), I. 126; Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Vanita Park
Description:In northeast Central Township on the old St. Charles Line. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Vashon High School
Description:A high school for colored pupils at 3026 Laclede Ave., established in 1925. Named for George B. Vashon (1824-1878), and John B. Vashon (1859-1924), educators. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Vernon School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at Ferguson, established in 1928. (Russell (1937); McCluer)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Vide Poche
Description:See Carondelet
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Vigus
Description:Settled in 1889 and a post office since 1900 in southwestern St. Ferdinand Township on the Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad. The name is said by the postmaster to be an Indian one meaning "Broker Promise," but this could not be verified. (Postal Guide (1900-- ); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 226; Postmaster at Vigus)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Villa de Roberts
Description:See Bridgeton
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Villa Duchesne
Description:A convent maintained by the religious of the Sacred Heart of Conway and Spoede Roads near Clayton, opened in 1929. The Sacred Heart is a French order established by Madeleine Sophie Barat in 1800. In 1818 Mother Barat sent Mother Rose Phillipine Duchesne to America with three nuns. They were the first of this order to set foot in this country. They came to St. Charles and established a school. (ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I. (Oct., 1928); II (Feb. 9, 1930); CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Village a Robert
Description:See Bridgeton
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Ville de Roberts
Description:See Bridgeton
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Virginia Avenue School
Description:An elementary school at 6134 Virginia Ave., established in 1911. Named for the street on which it is located. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Visitation Church
Description:A Catholic Church at Evans and Taylor Aves., organized in 1881. The parochial school is in charge of the Sisters of Loretto. The Visitation of the Virgin to Elizabeth is celebrated on July 2. (CATH. DIR (1937); CATH. INSTITUTIONS (1911), 179)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Von Schrader
Description:In southern Central Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Named for the Von Schrader family. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Vossenkemper School
Description:Near Florissant. A rural elementary school in northern St. Ferdinand Township. Named for a family who live in this community. (Thomas (1911), I. 126; Russell (1932), (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Voteau Ford
Description:In southern Meramec Township on the Meramec River near Eureka. Voteau is a family name. (COUNTY ATLAS (1878); Hertich)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wabash Railway Company
Description:This railway company was organized in 1853 to build a road through Indiana and took its name from the river, the valley of which the railroad was to traverse. Twenty-two railroads have consolidated to make the present Wabash system. In St. Louis County the line runs northwest out of St. Louis, across the Missouri River at St. Charles, and into St. Charles County. (Scharf (1883), II. 1188; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899) 1848-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wade School
Description:An elementary school at 2030 Vandeventer Ave., established in 1930. Named for Festus J. Wade (1859-1927), bank president. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Walbridge School
Description:An elementary school at 5000 Davison Ave., established in 1922. Named for Cyrus P. Walbridge (1849-1921), mayor of St. Louis (1893-1897), and merchant. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, July 23, 1922; Feb. 9, 1924); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Walnut Park
Description:A subdivision (See Walnut Park School)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Walnut Park School
Description:An elementary school at 5814 Thekla Ave., established in 1908. Named for the subdivision in which it is located, which was named for the tree. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Walnut Plains
Description:See Price
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Walnut Plains Camp Ground
Description:Established in 1843 by Americans. In August, 1843, the first German camp meeting ever held in the United States was held here by the German Methodists. Named for its location. (Thomas (1911), I. 86)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Walnut Plains Cemetery
Description:The first burial here was in December, 1834. It is the burial place for the Clayton family. Keeps the old name of Price. (Thomas (1911), 86)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Walton House
Description:In St. Ferdinand Township. (unsolved) (COUNTY ATLAS (1878)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Waltonham
Description:This place was listed as a post office in St. Louis County from 1830-1853, but nothing else was learned about it. (Green's Postal Guide (1830); Wetmore (1837); Hayward (1853)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Waring School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 2841 Laclede Ave., established in 1872. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Washington Church
Description:An African Methodist Church, established in 1864 on Spring St. west of Twelfth St., and known as Zion church. After several moves, a church was erected on Morgan Ave., midway between Jefferson and Beaumont Sts. in 1891. Named in honor of J.M. Washington (d. 1898), who built the first church and served as pastor. No longer a church. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1479)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Washington Institute
Description:See Sutton School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Washington Park
Description:Near Union Depot. Bounded by Thirteenth, Market, Twelfth Sts., and Clark Ave. Originally a part of the Chouteau Mill tract, purchased in 1840. Several important city buildings are located here. Cf. below. (PLEASURE RESORTS (1881), 9; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 2457)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Washington Park School
Description:A rural elementary school near Webster Groves. Cf. below. (Thomas (1911), I. 126; Russell (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Washington School [1 of 3]
Description:An elementary school in Normandy, established in 1931. Named for George Washington (1732-1799), the first president of the United States (1789-1797). (Russell (1937); Miller)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Washington School [2 of 3]
Description:An elementary school in southwestern Carondelet Township, established in 1842. Cf. above. (Russell (1937); Bradley; PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Washington School [3 of 3]
Description:An elementary school at 1131 N. Euclid Ave., established in 1893. Cf. above. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Washington University
Description:Incorporated by an act of the Missouri Legislature on February 22, 1853, as Eliot Seminary, named in honor of William G. Eliot, the president of the instution. At the first board meeting on February 22, 1854, Dr. Eliot suggested that the name be changed to Washington University to honor George Washington, whose birthday it was. Three preparatory schools were maintained by the university. Smith Academy for boys was established in 1854 as an evening school in the old Benton school at Sixth and St. Charles Sts. In 1856 it was moved to Seventeenth and Washington and was known as the Academy. In 1879 a new building was erected at Washington and Nineteenth with funds bequeathed the school by James Smith, for whom it was then named. Mary Institute for girls was established in 1859 at 1417 Lucas Place; soon after 1878 the school was moved to Locust and Twentyseventh; now it is on Ladue Road in the county. Named for Dr. Smith's daughter, Mary. Manual Training School, the third preparatory school, was established in 1880. Edwin Harrison, one of the directors of the university, donated the funds for the building and Samuel Cupples, another director, gave the equipment. (Reavis (1876), 170-2; Scharf (1883), I. 865-75; Devoy (1898), 111; ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), IV. 2458-64; Snow (1908), I. 42-6; Stevens (1911), II. 630)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Water Tower Church
Description:See Bowman Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Watkins Creek
Description:Rises in eastern St. Ferdinand Township and flows into the Mississippi River north of St. Louis. Named for John Watkins who lived on the creek. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Watson Road
Description:Traverses Carondelet in a zigzag course from St. Louis to the Meramec. It was named for Wesley Watson, a former land owner in the county. (Thomas (1911), I. 406)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Watsonia
Description:In Central Township near Gregg. Laid out by Jesse Walton, a real estate agent and grandson of Wesley Watson. (See Watson Road) (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wayman Crow School
Description:An elementary school at 3325 Bell Ave. for colored pupils. Named for Wayman Crow (1808-1885), merchant and founder of Washington University in 1853. (SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9); REPORT BOARD ED. (1929)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Weber School
Description:An elementary school in Bonhomme Township, established in 1884. Named for Mr. Weber, a farmer. (Russell (1937); Niehoff)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Webster
Description:See Webster Groves
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Webster College
Description:See Protestant Orphans' Home
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Webster Groves
Description:A post office since 1867 in northern Carondelet Township on the St. Louis - San Francisco Railroad and the Missouri Pacific Railroad. It took its name from Webster College, established by Artemas Bullard, a New Englander, who honored Daniel Webster (1782-1852). The town was first named Webster, but when the post office was established, it was found that there was another Webster in Missouri, and Groves was added to the name. (Goodwin (1867); Postal Guide (1876--); Scharf (1883), II. 1912; PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 348 ff.; Eaton (1916)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Webster School
Description:An elementary school at 2127 N. Eleventh St., established in 1853 and moved to its present location in 1906. Named for Daniel Webster (1782-1852), American statesman and orator. (Scharf (1883), I. 843; Lange (1930); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899); REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wells School
Description:An elementary school at Clarence and Carter Aves. Named for Erastus Wells (1822-1893), the pioneer street railroad man of St. Louis. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, date missing)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wellston
Description:A post office established in 1889 and discontinued in 1904, in eastern Central Township. From 1876-1886 the post office was known as Rinkelville, named for the Rinkel family. Later it was named for Erastus Wells (1823-1892), who developed the streetcar system of St. Louis of which the old Narrow Guage Railroad to Florissant which passed through Wellston was a part. It was incorporated June 26, 1909. (Postal Guide (1876-1886); Postal Guide (1889-1904); COUNTY ATLAS (1878); PLAT BOOK (1909); Thomas (1911), I. 273 ff.)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wesley House Settlement
Description:A Methodist organization at 3035 Bell Ave., organized in 1903, to do social settlement and evangelistic work among the people in the neighborhood. Named in honor of John Wesley, the father of Methodism. (CHAR. ORG. (1927)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wesleyan Cemetery
Description:North of Clayton on the corner of Hanley Road and Olive St. Road. For many years this cemetery occupied grounds at Grand and Laclede Aves., but was moved to its present location because building space was needed. Doubtless named for John Wesley (cf. below). (Thomas (1911), I. 85)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:West Ashby Station
Description:In Central Township on the Creve Coeur Electric Car Line. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:West Belle School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils, at 3963 West Belle Place. The present building was erected in 1937. Named for the street on which it is located. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:West Clayton
Description:In Central Township southwest of Fanita Station on the St. Louis Belt Line. Named for its location. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:West Ellendale
Description:A subdivision of Maplewood. Named for its location. Cf. Ellendale. (Thomas (1911), I. 320-1)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:West End Park
Description:At Wilkinson. Named for its location. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:West St. Louis
Description:A post office from 1876 until 1887 when it was discontinued. Named for its location. (Postal Guide (1876-1887)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:West Walnut Manor
Description:In northeastern Central Township near St. Louis City. Named for its location and for the tree. (HIGHWAYS (1930)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:West Walnut Manor School
Description:Formerly was known as Fairview School. It separated from the Jennings school district in April, 1916. (Russell (1932)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Westminster Church
Description:A Presbyterian Church at 5318 Delmar Blvd., organized in 1873. A favorite Presbyterian name, taken from Westminster Abbey, where the Westminster Confession of the Presbyterian Church was formulated (1643- 1649). (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1807-8)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wetzel Memorial Baptist Church
Description:At Kirkwood; organized in July, 1870. The building was completed in May, 1874. (Thomas (1911), I. 138)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wheat Bush
Description:See Carondelet
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wheatley School
Description:An elementary school for colored pupils at 4239 Papin St., established in 1895. Named for Phillis Wheatley (1753-1783), negro poetess. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929), SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wheaton
Description:A subdivision in Central Township. (unsolved) (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wild Horse Creek
Description:Rising in west-central Meramec Township, flowing north and emptying into the Missouri River near Centaur. A legend says that a queer old hermit, Johann Kuhschwanz, who lived a solitary life near the creek, owned a white horse that he never worked and that was allowed to roam about until he became quite wild. One night the settlers were disturbed by the wild beating of horses' hoofs and, looking out their windows, they saw a small man, his face towards the animal's tail, clinging wildly to the back of an old white horse. Neither Johann nor the horse was ever seen again. (Wetmore (1937); PLAT BOOK (1909); FOLK TALES (1935), 88-91)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wildwood Station
Description:On the Creve Coeur Electric Line. A descriptive name. (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wilkinson
Description:A station on the Missouri Pacific Railroad in Central Township. Named for the family. Cf. below. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wilkinson School
Description:An elementary school at 7212 Arsenal St., established in 1927. Named for Melville Wilkinson (1865-1925), merchant. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:William Cullen McBride High School
Description:An interparochial high school for boys in charge of the Brothers of Mary at 1910 N. Kingshighway. The school erected in 1924 was a gift of Mrs. McBride as a memorial to her departed husband, William Cullen McBride. (HIST. ARCHDIOCESE ST. LOUIS (1928), 733; CATH. DIR. (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wilson's Island
Description:An island that was in the Mississippi River north of St. Louis, but disappeared before 1900. (unsolved) (COUNTY ATLAS (1878); ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), I. 34)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Windom
Description:A post office established in 1893 and discontinued in 1904 in Central Township. Now is a part of Rock Hill (unsolved). (Postal Guide (1893- 1904); Thomas (1911), I. 225; Stevens
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Windsor Springs
Description:See South Kirkwood
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Winner
Description:A post office in 1910 and in 1921. Named for Willard E. Winner, A Kansas City real estate promoter. (Postal Guide (1910; 1921); Breckenridge)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Woerner School
Description:An elementary school at 6131Leona St. The building was erected in 1931. Named for J. Gabriel Woerner (1826-1900), lawyer and judge. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Woodland
Description:In southeastern St. Ferdinand Township on the Wabash Railroad. A descriptive name. (Campbell (1873)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Woodstock
Description:In southern St. Ferdinand Township on the Wabash Railroad. (unsolved) (PLAT BOOK (1909)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Woodward School
Description:An elementary school at 725 Bellerive Blvd., established in 1921. Named for Calvin Milton Woodward (1837-1915), educator. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wright School
Description:See Fern Ridge School
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wright School
Description:An elementary school near Clayton. (unsolved) (Russell (1932), (1937)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wyman School
Description:An elementary school at 1547 S. Theresa Ave., established in 1901. Named for Edward Wyman (1815-1888), educator. (REPORT BOARD ED. (1929); SCHOOL DIR. (1938-9)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wyman's High School
Description:An English and Classical high school for boys, established in 1843 by Edward Wyman (1815-1888), at Fourth and Olive Sts. Later it was moved to Fourth and Market Sts. The school was closed when Wyman went into another business in 1852. (Stevens (1911), II. 618; ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, date missing)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Wyman's School
Description:A high school and college founded by Edward Wyman in 1861 at Sixteenth and Pine Sts. and called City University. In 1867 Wyman retired and the school became Mrs. Cuthbert's Seminary for Girls, and was allied with the Presbyrterian church. The seminary passed out of existence in the late 1890s. Foster Academy was established at this same address. (ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS, I (G-D, date missing); II (P-D, Aug. 28, 1936); II (Aug. 16, 1933)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Yeatman
Description:In eastern Meramec Township on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Yeatman Station in PLAT BOOK (1909). Named for the Yeatman family. (PLAT BOOK (1909); Campbell (1873); NAT. MAP (1930); Stevens)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Yellow Hill
Description:An elevation of yellow clay in Florissant, known also by the French name, Cote Jaune (yellow hill). (Thomas (1911), I. 305)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Yellow Spring
Description:In Florissant. It was the scene of exiting episodes in frontier life. A log stockade once protected the settlers from a two-days' siege by Indian marauders. The spring also is known by its French name Fontaine Jaune and still flows freely. (Thomas (1911), I. 305)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Zion Church [1 of 2]
Description:See Washington Church
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Zion Church [2 of 2]
Description:A German Evangelical Church at Altheim, organized in 1838. A parochial school was attached in 1911. A Bible name, for part of ancient Jerusalem. (Thomas (1911), I. 139)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Zion's Church [1 of 2]
Description:A German Evangelical Church at Clayton. It existed as early as 1838. Cf. above. (Scharf (1993), II. 1734)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Zion's Church [2 of 2]
Description:An Evangelical Church at Benton St. and Twenty-fifth St., established in 1868. Cf. above. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 702; Gould (1922)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Zoar Church
Description:A German Methodist Church at Gano and Carter Aves., established in 1888. The building was dedicated in 1889. Zoar was the name of the little city to which Lot fled for refuge from doomed Sodom (Genesis 19.19-22). No longer in existence. (ENCY. ST. LOUIS (1899), 1467)
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

Place name:Zum Kindlein Jesu
Description:See Luthern Orphan Home
Source:Welty, Ruth. "Place Names of St. Louis And Jefferson County." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1939.

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