Collection titles of primary source materials related to Native Americans held by the State Historical Society of Missouri-Columbia at the University of Missouri.
Armstrong, Orland Kay (1893-1987), Papers, (WUNP4881)
194.75 linear feet
INVENTORY. PUBLICATION RESTRICTION. Correspondence, political and research files, and manuscripts of Missouri writer and politician; member of editorial staff of Reader's Digest; author of works on Baptist church, military history, slavery, religion, and communism; member of Missouri legislature, 1932-1936, 1942-1944, and U.S. Congress, 1951-1952.
Ayer, Edward Everett (1841-1927), Reminiscences, 1924, (C2694)
Reminiscences of first trip away from home, itinerary across the plains to California, people met, work in the mines, enlistment in the army and subsequent service, and return home in 1864.
Baldwin, Royal, Account Book, 1858-1877, (C0225)
Record of a general merchandise firm in Kennekuk, Kansas. Baldwin was manager of the Kickapoo Indian Agency in 1858. Cancelled checks, letters, and miscellaneous papers.
Bartlett, William W., Lumbering in Chippewa Valley, Wisconsin, in Pioneer Times, 1930, (C2695)
Early lumbering events beginning with the Treaty of Prairie du Chien in 1825, Indian troubles, early successes and failures, description of logging camp and operations, persons involved, and the Beef Slough feud and Chippewa Dam fight.
Breckenridge, Thomas E. (1825- ), Papers, 1894, 1950, (C0691)
The papers contain a petition for pension, 1894; family notes, and "The Breckenridge Memoirs" by John Mitchell, 1950.
Bullard, James (1848-1925), Diary, 1876-1878, (C0219)
Kept by Bullard on a trip from the Dakotas to Mexico. Prospecting, weather, game, Indians, ranches, and Mexicans.
Cannon, B.B., Journal, 1837, (C1946)
A day-by-day account of the journey of a band of Cherokee Indians being removed to the West by the U.S. government, written by the conductor of the party, October 13-December 30, 1837.
Chapman, John A.J., Records, 1845-1863, (C2987)
2 volumes on 1 roll of microfilm
Account book and ledger for mining and smelting operations at Ross Camp and for mercantile operations at Independence, Wayne City, and St. Joseph, Missouri. Memoranda of personal accounts, medical remedies, and farming; surveys; plats; and maps. Notes about the Civil War and jayhawking on the Missouri-Kansas border.
Clapp, Moses E. (1851-1929), Letters, 1907-1918, (C0256)
Replies of prominent men to Clapp about invitation received or favor requested from them. Letter from a group of Crow Indians explaining problem on reservation lands; from Theodore Roosevelt about future of Progressive Party; from Roosevelt about shipping bill which President Wilson and Secretary of State Bryan proposed to Congress.
Clark, William (1770-1838), and Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809), Memorandum Book, 1809 (C1076)
Journal of a trip from St. Louis, Missouri, to Washington, D.C. It contains the list of debts due by Clark; the trip expenses from St. Louis, Missouri, and Louisville, Kentucky; a memorandum of instruction by Meriwether Lewis with a list of private debts; and memoranda of drafts and transactions with Indian agencies. Microfilm copy available for loan.
Clark, William (1770-1838), Letter, 1818, (C1545)
To William Christy, Jr., St. Charles from St. Louis, Oct. 6, 1818. Clark authorized Christy, clerk of the St. Charles Circuit Court, to issue a license to Jacob Laphart & Company for trade with Sac, Fox and other Indians below the Des Moines River. Microfilm copy available for loan.
Clark, William (1770-1838), Memorandum Book, 1819-1825 (C1077)
A public account book of William Clark’s, April 1819-1 March 1825, used while he was governor of Missouri Territory and U.S. Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Microfilm copy available for loan.
Clark, William (1770-1838), Memorandum Book, 1826-1831 (C1078)
This book contains rules for Indian agents and lists of 134 drafts drawn between 5 April 1826 and 6 June 1831. Microfilm copy available for loan.
Collier, John B., Letter, 1858, (C0508)
To his family in Virginia from northern Missouri, Feb. 28, 1858. Comments on Indian problems, educational facilities in Missouri, family matters, and mention of the "Mormon or Utah war."
DeSmet, Pierre-Jean (1801-1873), Papers, (C1521)
Fragment of article written by Father DeSmet about the early inhabitants of the Mississippi Valley and Indian civilization. Population, agriculture, pottery, use of metals. Refutation of Timothy Flint.
DeVilliers, Marc, La Decouverte du Missouri et L'Histoire du Fort D'Orleans (1673-1728), 1925, (C0886)
Printed copy written in French. Early history of Missouri and the founding of Fort D'Orleans. Also partial translation.
Dougherty, John (1791-1860), Letter Book, 1826-1829, (C2292)
1 volume; also available on 1 roll of microfilm
The Dougherty letter book contains letters from Dougherty, fur trader, interpreter, and Upper Missouri Indian agent, to William Clark, superintendent of Indian affairs at St. Louis, various U.S. Army officers, Indian agents, interpreters and fur traders, U.S. War and Treasury Department officials, Missouri politicians, and private citizens.
Elgin, Robert L., Research Collection, 1960-1993, (R1261)
These are the research files of a civil engineer, surveyor, and historian from St. James in Phelps County, Missouri. The collection includes reports, scale sketches, and photographs concerning the restoration of various historic sites in Missouri, charcoal iron furnace sites in Missouri, and prehistoric petroglyph and pictograph sites in the Missouri Ozarks.
Emmons, Francis Marion (1837-1905), Civil War Letters, 1862-1864, (C2375)
Written by a member of Company I, 7th Missouri Volunteer Cavalry, in southern Missouri and Arkansas to his parents and sister Cassie at LaPlata. Mentions his brother Riley, supplies, prices, morale, Indian regiments and rebel forces, burning of steamboats and gun boat, and duel of General Marmaduke and Colonel Walker.
Gallaher, William Houston, (1840- ), Journal, 1865, (C3924)
The 1865 journal of William H. Gallaher, kept during his journey from St. Charles, Missouri, up the Missouri River to Montana Territory, and while living in southwest Montana.
Godsey, Roy, "Southwestern Missouri Indians," n.d., (C2089)
Manuscript submitted to MISSOURI HISTORICAL REVIEW about Southwestern Missouri's Indian population, especially the Osage Indians.
Graves, David William (1837-1918), Autobiography, 1916, (C0158)
The autobiography of a Montgomery County, Missouri, farmer, schoolteacher, and Baptist missionary and minister. A donor-compiled index is included.
Hambright, Robert, Letter, 1845, (C3238)
To John Hambright, Fort Osage, MO, from Fayetteville, AR, May 23, 1845. Concerns the emigration of Choctaw Indians from Mississippi to Arkansas. Newspaper clipping announces sale of slaves by Commissioner John Hambright, brother of Robert Hambright.
Hamilton, T.M. “Ted” (1905-2001), Papers, 1922-1984, (C3073)
14 rolls of microfilm
Papers of Saline County, Missouri, farmer and expert on historic and prehistoric weaponry. Correspondence on archaeological and historical topics, as well as personal, business, and local civic affairs. Also includes photographs, notes, organizational materials, publications, and manuscripts on Hamilton’s archaeological interests.
Harmony Mission Annual Reports, 1825-1827, (C1731)
Annual reports to Secretary of War James Barbour from Nathaniel B. Dodge, superintendent, on the Indian School at Harmony Mission, Great Osage Nation. Reports on teachers and other personnel, number of students, amount of Missouri property, expenses, receipts, progress of students, health, and Indian relations.
Howell, Elijah Preston, Diary, 1849, (C1675)
Diary, May 6-September 24, 1849, of a journey across the plains from Athens, Gentry County, MO, to the Sacramento Valley during the California gold rush. Members of company, description of wagon trains, countryside, wild game, vegetation, provisions, Indians, cholera, travel guides, landmarks, defense, wagon train problems, Mormons.
Indian Census, Missouri Territory, 1817, (C1628)
Names of tribes, number of adults and children, towns, roving bands, where situated, type of homes, occupation, diet, and degree of civilization.
Kendrick, M. Slade (1894- ), Papers, 1951-1973, (C0628)
Letters written to professor of agricultural economics at Cornell University by his friend, the poet John G. Neihardt (1884-1973), and related items.
Keyes, Willard (1792-1861), Journal, 1817-1855, (C2748)
Travel to Wisconsin and Illinois from Newfane, Windham County, VT, 1817-1820; occupations and experiences on frontier; description of Indians, wilderness, logging operations on Mississippi and Black Rivers; travel from Quincy, IL, to New England by stage, boat, and train with itemized account of expenses, 1852.
Lackey, Walter E., Letters, 1805, 1827, (C3145)
Letter from John B. Treat to Henry Dearborn, 1805, describing Arkansas, the fur trade, Indian trouble, climate, population, and industry of the area. Inspection report written by C. Groghan from Jefferson Barracks, September 1827.
Lanius, Jacob (1814-1851), Diaries, 1833-1842, (C1147)
0.4 linear feet
Diaries of an itinerant pastor for the Missouri Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church. Concerns church locations, members, revivals, meetings, ministers, and living conditions. Includes an edited transcription, with background information, by Theodore H. Wolff.
Lewis, Ethelbert Wallis (1815-1855), Letters, 1837-1851, (C1674)
To his brother, William W[alker] Lewis, Culpepper County, VA, from Missouri. Lewis emigrated from Virginia in 1836. Howard County; 1837 Missouri legislature; comparison of Missouri and Virginia; and Missouri life in general.
Lewis, Meriwether (1774-1809), Astronomy Notebook  (C1074)
Set of formulae prepared by Robert Patterson of Philadelphia for Lewis to use in determining geographical locations by astronomical observation. Also includes a “sketch given us by Yallept, the principal chief of the Wollah-wollah nation,” and a drawing, probably by Lewis. Microfilm copy available for loan.
Lorimier, Louis, Will, 1808, (C2124)
Will of Lorimier of the District and Town of Cape Girardeau, Louisiana Territory. Lorimier named as his executor and heir the Shawnee woman with whom he lived, Pemanpich. Will lists names and ages of their six children.
Louisiana Territory, District of St. Charles. Tax Book, 1805, (C1225)
List of taxable property within the District of St. Charles for assessment purposes.
Lyon, Nathaniel (1818-1861), Letter, 1850, (C0541)
To A. Fisdale, Lockets Harbor, from Monterey, CA, Apr. 30, 1850. Letter tells of a prospective trip to northern California and Oregon to settle Indian troubles. Mentions the slavery question and local amusements.
Marsh, Elias Joseph, Diary, 1859, (C2599)
Account of a journey to the northern reaches of the Missouri River. Describes the departure, route, passengers, river currents, fur trappers, Indians, prairie country, Mormon camp, Sioux City, the wilderness, Fort Pierre Chouteau, hunting and wildlife, Fort Berthold, Fort Union, and Yellowstone River.
Merrill, Julius Caesar (c. 1843- ), Diary, 1864, (C0371)
Typed copy of diary which gives an account of trip from Milwaukee to Boise City, ID, in 1864. Describes the journey over the old Oregon Trail, storms, severity of weather, shortage of food and water for their livestock, scarcity of firewood and wild game food for themselves, difficulties in fording rivers, fear of Indian attack, encounters with Indians wanting to trade, and other problems of wagon train life.
Missouri, Ste. Genevieve. Archives, 1756-1930, (C3636)
1474 folders on 78 rolls of microfilm
French colonial, and territorial records of the District of Ste. Genevieve. Ste. Genevieve County records and court records. A third of the documents are dated 1756-1804; the remainder date from 1805 to 1930. Original documents are in the possession of the Ste. Genevieve County Court.
Moll, Justus R., Maps, 1870, 1915, (C3211)
Negative photostat of a map of Greene County, MO, showing roads, Indian trails, villages and mounds, and narrative regarding Indians in Greene County, 1915. Also a copy of a map of the battlefield at Lexington, MO, September 1861, as drawn during court of inquiry in the 1870s.
Morrow, W.I.I. (1802-1876), Papers, 1839, 1852, (C2051)
Positive photostat copy of a day by day account of the journey of Morrow, attending physician to a party of emigrating Cherokee Indians, c. 20 February-24 March 1839. Two typescript copies of a diary also included. Copy of 1852 letter from Morrow regarding use of liquor among Seneca Indians near Enterprise, MO.
Neihardt, John G. (1881-1973), Papers, 1908-1974, (C3778)
1.4 linear feet
Correspondence and miscellaneous material of poet John G. Neihardt. Neihardt was most famous for his epic, A Cycle of the West, and Black Elk Speaks. He was poet laureate of Nebraska, literary editor of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 1929-1938, and an instructor at the University of Missouri, 1949-1965.
Neihardt, John G. (1881-1973), Papers, c. 1858-1974, (C3716)
9.4 linear feet, 22 video cassettes [22 DVDs- use copies], 57 audio cassettes, 3 compact discs; also available on 18 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, newsclippings, audio and video cassettes, and miscellaneous material of a poet. Neihardt was most famous for his epic, A Cycle of the West, and Black Elk Speaks. He was poet laureate of Nebraska, literary editor of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch from 1926 to 1938, and instructor at the University of Missouri from 1949 to 1965.
Neihardt, John G. (1881-1973), Ephemera, 1938-1987, (C1267)
0.3 linear feet, 1 audio cassette
The John G. Neihardt Ephemera consists of clippings, newsletters and photographs of tributes to Nebraska Poet Laureate and educator. Also included are letters from Neihardt to Thomas W. Wright, 1957-1973, of Hazelwood, Missouri, and Genevieve Paulson of Craig, Missouri, as well as an audiocassette of Neihardt reading poetry selections.
O'Fallon Family, Papers, (SUNP2984)
0.2 linear feet
Papers consisting primarily of personal and professional correspondence of Benjamin O'Fallon, U.S. Agent for Indian Affairs in Missouri, 1816-1830s; and 19th century legal papers and financial documents of the related families of Smith, Madden, and Horine.
OSAGE FACTOR Accounts, 1813, (C1558)
Accounts of the U.S. Barge OSAGE FACTOR, ascending the Missouri, October 5, 1813, and at Arrow Rock, MO, November 4, 1813. Indian affairs and trade.
Partridge, Edward, Letter, 1837, (C1622)
To Emily and James H. Partridge, Pittsfield, MA, from Far West, MO, Oct. 12, 1837. Disowned by his family for his Mormon beliefs, he wrote his sister Emily about his ostracism and outlined his faith. Also mentions civil and military officers, crops, wages, prices, need for lawyers, and Indian wars.
Pollock, Thomas (1805-1879), Letters, 1862-1863, (C2570)
Letters from the first wagonmaster of the 18th Missouri Infantry, to the members of his family. Letters deal with the Civil War in the South.
Quirk, Patrick J. (1845-1921), Diary, 1865, (C3943)
The diary of Patrick J. Quirk relates the details of a trip made in 1865 by railroad and steam-boat from Springfield, Massachusetts, to Yankton, South Dakota, on the way to the Montana Territory.
Schermerhorn, John Freeman (1787-1859), Papers, 1809-1909 (C0160)
0.4 linear feet
Letters and papers of Schermerhorn and his heirs, located in New York (1809-1840), Indiana (1840-1858), and Missouri (1858-1909). Schermerhorn was a frontier preacher, peacemaker with the Indians, and landowner.
Smith, Stanley C. (1928- ), Papers, 1951-1971, (C3607)
Papers of a newspaper editor, tavern operator, teacher, and close friend of the poet John G. Neihardt. Smith managed one of Neihardt's public speaking tours and the two corresponded regularly for twenty years. The papers consist primarily of letters, but also include records related to the 1965 speaking tour, newspaper clippings, and photographs.
Smith, Thomas Adams (1781-1844), Papers, 1798-1864, (C1029)
1 linear foot on 2 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, letterbooks, and official papers of Brigadier General Thomas Adams Smith, a professional soldier who served in Florida during the War of 1812 and on the Canadian front protecting civilians.
Starr, Frederick, Jr. (1826-1867), Papers, 1850-1863, (C2073)
Starr was a colonizationist, free soiler, and Presbyterian clergyman in Weston, MO, 1852-1855. Correspondence, broadsides, pamphlets, and clippings on settlement of the Kansas-Nebraska Territories, border conflicts, abolitionism vs. slavery, local politics, Indian affairs, public land sales, claims, and prices, popular sovereignty, squatters' rights, and religion on the frontier.
Sterett, Smith A. ( -1887), Papers, 1861-1899, (C2074)
Sterett was a Montana Territory prospector, Helena, MT, merchant, and Nevada, MO, hardware merchant. Collection includes letters from business associates, friends, and family; business papers; Sterett's Confederate Army discharge; and an elementary spelling book.
Stuart, J.E.B., Letter, 1860. (C0476)
To [William Fitzhugh] Lee, from camp 10 miles above Bent’s Fort, July 16, 1860. Account of raid on small band of Indians in which warriors were killed and a number of squaws, children and pack animals were captured and several soldiers were wounded with arrows. Rumors of other army skirmishes with the Kiowas and Comanches. Cheyennes and Arapahoes very friendly.
Thurmond, Nic[holas], Letter, 1865, (C2143)
Description of Sterling Price's engagement at Boonville, MO, October 6-7, 1864. Price's retreat from Missouri, Oct. 1864. Army camps in Arkansas, the Federals, horror and grandeur of war, news of friends. Thurmond's wounds and his position teaching school on a Choctaw Indian reservation since November 28, 1864.
Townsend, G.S., Letter, 1838, (C2516)
To C.A. Harris, Bureau of Indian Affairs, from Cherokee Agency East, Jan. 25, 1838. Townsend's description of his journey as attending physician to a band of emigrant Cherokees from Cherokee Agency East to Cherokee Nation West, a distance of 800 miles.
U.S. Superintendency of Indian Affairs, St. Louis, Records, 1807-1855 (C2969)
33 volumes on 6 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, account books and treaties with various Indian tribes. Much of the material is to and from Indian agents at the area agencies. The bulk of the material is from the period when William Clark was superintendent. Also included are records of the Missouri Fur Company, 1812-1817. Originals at Kansas State Historical Society.
U.S. Superintendency of Indian Affairs, St. Louis, Records, 1824-1851 (C2970)
10 rolls of microfilm
Papers pertain to surveying of Indian lands, expenses of agencies, establishment of trading posts for the Indians, policy for emigrating Indians west of the Mississippi, depredations by Indians and estimates of costs accrued, negotiations and expenses involved with treaties, transcriptions of various chiefs' speeches and reports on the conflicts between various tribal groups.