Monroe County was organized in 1831. The county seat is Paris. The collections listed below deal in some manner with Monroe County. This list is not comprehensive, so be sure to browse collection descriptions by subject.
*Collections marked with DIGITIZED MATERIALS have additional digitized items available.
Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service Aerial Photographs, (P0335)
107.5 linear feet
Missouri county aerial photographs produced by the Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service.
Breckenridge, William Clark (1862-1927), Papers, 1752-1927, (C1036)
4.75 linear feet, 21 volumes, 3 rolls of microfilm
The papers of the St. Louis businessman, writer, and historian contain correspondence, scrapbooks, book sale announcements, and miscellaneous materials, with an emphasis on St. Louis and Missouri history.
Civil War Scrapbook, Missouri, 1823-1868, (C1379)
The papers contain a collection of newspaper clippings on Missouri, 1823-1868, from New York and Boston newspapers, primarily the New York Daily Tribune. Most of the items pertain to the Civil War in Missouri, 1861-1862, and include maps and diagrams of the war in the west.
Clemens, Samuel Langhorne, Genealogy, n.d., (C3133)
The papers contain genealogy of three generations of the Clemens family, starting with John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens, Samuel Clemens' parents. Also a brief biography of Mark Twain, and descriptions of Florida, Missouri, and Mark Twain State Park.
Drescher-Weatherly Memoirs, 1933-1954 (C0151)
Memoirs of a mother, Bennie Howell Drescher, and a daughter, Rose Drescher Weatherly. The Drescher memoir briefly recounts Civil War events in Paris, MO. The Weatherly memoir is the longer and describes growing up in Hannibal, MO, around the turn of the twentieth century.
Featherston, Sophia Eubank, Photograph Collection, (P0764)
Six photos by Miller of Moberly of the Florida, MO, area ca. 1920s. Includes photos of Mark Twain cabin and statue and the Salt River.
Fountain of Health, Harris Springs, Missouri, Advertisement, 1886, (C2880)
Advertisement of a health spa.
Gillaspy, James C., (1841-1925), Papers, 1843-1889, (C0918)
Account, tax and assessor record books of a Boone County, Missouri, farmer, lawyer, deputy sheriff, tax collector, sheriff, treasurer, representative, and Columbia mayor. Also includes the account book (1855-1858) of Thomas J. Gillaspy, constable of Jefferson Township, Monroe County, Missouri.
Granville General Store, Monroe County, Missouri, Record Book, 1855-1856, (C2989)
1 volume on microfilm
The collection contains a day book of the Granville General Store, Monroe County, MO, with accounts from March 20, 1855 to September 2, 1856. All types of merchandise are listed in the accounts: indigo, shirts, tobacco, stone ware, candy, and straw hats, to name a few.
Gregg, Josiah, (1806-1850), Letter, 1829, (C1546)
To G.E. Boswell, S. Martin, A. Pearson, W. Pruntry, E.D. Sappington, and B.E. Cooper, Jonesborough, [MO], from Mount Prairie, [MO], June 25, 1829.
Guitar, Sarah (1892-1963), Collection, n.d., (C3391)
1.5 cubic feet, 5 card boxes
Card file compiled by Sarah Guitar, reference librarian of the State Historical Society of Missouri, as a guide to county boundaries of Missouri, 1812-1929; Missouri congressional district boundaries, 1845-1933; Missouri senatorial districts, 1820-1931; and Missouri judicial circuits, 1815-1915.
Houston, William N., Receipts, 1858-1870, (C2034)
The papers contain tax receipts from Monroe and Audrain Counties, Missouri, and from U.S. Express Company.
James, David A. (1937- ) Papers, 1790-2008, (C4126)
5 cubic feet
The research material of a hotel management instructor whose work resulted in the publication Historic Hotels of Missouri: Hotels, Inns, and Taverns of 19th Century Missouri.
Lee, Richard L., Courthouse Photographs, (P0003)
The collection includes photographs of county courthouses for the state of Missouri, taken in the mid-twentieth century by Richard L. Lee.
Missouri-Alaska Gold Company, Paris, Missouri, Letterhead, 1898, (C1676)
The collection contains letterhead listing names of the company's officers, $50,000 capital stock, and 1897 incorporation date.
Missouri Extension Homemakers Association, Inc., Sacred Stones & Stained Glass Windows, Project, (C3723)
7.1 linear feet
Statewide documentation of local churches by county. Includes cultural arts reports, church histories, floor plans, architectural details, clippings, slides, photographs, and miscellany.
Missouri Place Names Study, 1927-1928 (C3459)
0.6 linear feet
Correspondence, term papers, and information collected by graduate students at the University of Missouri during a study of the origin and history of place names in forty-two Missouri counties.
Missouri Veterans History Project, Oral History Records, 2010- (C4052)
2.4 cubic feet
The records of the Missouri Veterans History Project contain the local copy of veteran oral history interviews recorded for the Veterans History Project at the Library of Congress. The records include audio, video, interview logs, and some transcripts. The former Western Historical Manuscript Collection, a joint collection with the State Historical Society of Missouri, was a founding partner of the Veterans History Project in 2001.
Missouri, Monroe County, Provost Marshall, Papers, 1862-1865, (C3161)
Correspondence and military papers of William M. Houston and William McIlrath, provost marshals of Monroe County, MO.
Morrow, Lynn, Collection, 1982-ca. 2010, (R1000)
296 folders, 7 cubic feet
These are the correspondence and research files of a Missouri historian. Topics include history, personages, architecture, culture, and folklore, particularly of the Ozarks region of Missouri, but also areas in the central and northern parts of the state. The papers include wide-ranging correspondence concerning research into and publication of the 19th century historical writings of Theodore P. Russell of Iron County and Silas C. Turnbo of southwest Missouri. The collection also includes a large selection of promotional publications and ephemera associated with late 20th century tourism in Missouri and Arkansas.
Mount Horeb Presbyterian Church, Monroe County, Missouri, Record Book, 1852-1875, (C1355)
The records contain minutes, membership records, and record of infant baptisms.
Murphy, Andrew Lopp, Diary, 1849, (C2723)
Detailed diary of overland trip to California from Missouri during the Gold Rush. Describes scenery, weather, and gives number of miles traveled each day.
National Air Mail Week Papers, 1938, (C1742)
The papers contain six envelopes and two letters commemorating National Air Mail Week, 15-21 May 1938. First day covers from Missouri towns: Chillicothe, Columbia, Grant City, Palmyra, and Ste. Genevieve. Letters from Paris and Ste. Genevieve.
Paris Covered Bridge, Paris, Missouri, Photograph, c. 1948, (C0804)
Photograph of a covered bridge located at the city limits of Paris, Monroe County, MO.
Presbytery of Missouri, Minutes, 1920-1943, (C1353)
0.2 linear feet
The records contain official copies of minutes of the Presbytery of Missouri. Minutes for 1920-1939 are bound; others are in pamphlet form.
Presbytery of Missouri Records, 1817-1920, (C1354)
1.4 linear feet, 6 oversize volumes
The records of the Presbytery of Missouri contain minutes, reports, and other records of an organization composed of ministers and representative elders of Presbyterian churches in Missouri. Volumes 1-6 have been microfilmed. Volume 7 is available onsite. See also collection C1353.
Ramsay Place Names File 1928-1945, (C2366)
12 cubic feet
Card file of origins of Missouri place names, compiled by students of Robert L. Ramsay, University of Missouri professor of English.
Schofield, F.L., Papers, 1912, (C3569)
The papers of F.L. Schofield contain a copy of of a letter from Schofield on behalf of commission to erect a Mark Twain monument and marker, to Albert Bigelow Paine, Twain's biographer, and Paine's reply. Identity of the house in which Twain was born, and appropriate inscriptions for the monument and marker are discussed.
Sidner, Noah, Letter, 1862, (C1895)
The collection contains a Photostat of a farewell letter to relatives in Paris, MO, from Palmyra, MO, Oct. 18 and 19, 1862, written from the federal military prison in Palmyra on the eve and morning of the day he was to be executed.
Spencer, George A. (1906-1997), Papers, 1931-1963, (C2466)
4.6 cubic feet
Correspondence, publicity, and legislative papers of a Boone County, MO, Democrat. Spencer's election campaigns and positions as city attorney, prosecuting attorney, and state representative and senator, and candidacy for Democratic nomination for attorney general. Activities of the Columbia, MO, Chamber of Commerce.
State of Missouri Photograph Collection, (P0018)
Over 400 original photos created for the 1904 publication on Missouri at the time of the World's Fair by Walter Williams; shows all aspects and counties in Missouri.
The Missouri Collection, (C3982)
The Missouri Collection is an artificial collection combining miscellaneous small acquisitions related to Missouri places, individuals, organizations, and events.
Thrasher, Benjamin R. (1818- ), Diaries, 1877-1891, (C3048)
1 reel, 4 volumes
Four diaries written by a Macon County, Missouri, farmer. His daily entries, spanning almost fifteen years, describe farm life, livestock breeding, social activities, transportation, illness, death, and daily changes in the wind and weather. Also detailed personal and business expenses.
U.S. Selective Service System, Missouri, Records, 1917-1918, (C2681)
445 folders negative Photostats, 8.7 cubic feet
Lists of persons by county and district selective service boards whose cards were held by those boards. Arranged alphabetically by county.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, "Church Bibliography, Baptist Bodies of Missouri, Associational Minutes," 1941, (C1312)
The collection contains a list of the various Baptist associations in Missouri and the dates for which their records are in existence.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, Historical Records Survey, Missouri, 1935-1942, (C3551)
302 linear feet; also available on 817 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, records, and working files. Originally designed to survey and inventory all county government records, the survey finally included inventories of church records, manuscript collections, vital statistics, American imprints, and federal archives. Incorporates records of the Federal Writers Project for Missouri.