Madison County, named for President James Madison, was organized in 1818, during Missouri's territorial period. The county seat and largest city is Fredericktown. The collections listed below deal in some manner with Madison County. This list is not comprehensive, so be sure to browse collection descriptions by subject.
*Collections marked with DIGITIZED MATERIALS have additional digitized items available.
Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service Aerial Photographs, (P0335)
107.5 linear feet
Missouri county aerial photographs produced by the Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service.
Arnett, R. C., Memoir, 1917, (R0138)
1 folder, photocopies, typescript
This is a memoir of the engagement at Fredericktown, Madison County, Missouri, on 21 October 1861, by a native of the town on whose farm the fighting occurred. Arnett claimed to have reported on Federal troop strength to Gen. M. Jeff Thompson before the battle.
Ballard, James, Letter, 1842, (R0672)
This is a letter from James Ballard near Mine La Motte in Madison County or St. Francois County, Missouri. The letter concerns acquisition of apple, pear, and plum trees, and other business matters.
Barron, W. Harry, Letter, 1946, (R0630)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a typescript copy of a letter by Dr. W. Harry Barron to Ruth Berry, 27 October 1946, concerning the history of Mine La Motte in Madison County, Missouri. A physician who practiced medicine in Madison County for most of his life, Barron was also the unofficial historian of Mine La Motte.
Bethany United Baptist Church, Madison County, Missouri, Records, 1829-1992, (R0725)
4 volumes, 3 folders
These are minute books, membership registers, and papers of Bethany United Baptist Church at Roselle in Madison County, Missouri. Records exist from the founding of Bethany Church in 1829 as an arm of Providence Church of Washington County.
Bethel Association United Baptist Churches of Jesus Christ, Minutes, 1816-1996, (R0598)
These are the minutes of the annual meetings of the Bethel United Baptist Association of southeastern Missouri, beginning with the organizational meeting in 1816. The Association consists of churches in Crawford, Iron, Madison, St. Francois, and Wayne counties.
Cahoon, Benjamin B., Papers, 1868-1923, (R0142)
1 folder, photocopies
This is miscellaneous correspondence of an attorney and land agent in Fredericktown, Madison County, Missouri. The papers concern the land business, litigation in progress, and state politics. There are several letters from Missouri governors and officials, and Cahoon's biographical sketch of Judge William Carter. There is also an original photograph of Cahoon, 1878.
Cantwell, Harry J., Collection, 1898-1900, (R0677)
These are the papers of an attorney and developer of mineral properties in southeastern Missouri and Oklahoma. Most of the collection concerns title work and exploration of tracts near Irondale and Palmer in Washington County, Missouri.
Cayce, Milton Pleasant, Record Book, ca. 1870, (R1039)
1 volume, oversize
This is a bound volume containing information about land parcels in Madison, Reynolds, Wayne, Iron, and Sainte Genevieve counties in Missouri, and miscellaneous clippings on such subjects as horticulture and cholera. The item has been attributed to Milton P. Cayce because his name occurs most often therein.
Civil War Scrapbook, Missouri, 1823-1868, (C1379)
The papers contain a collection of newspaper clippings on Missouri, 1823-1868, from New York and Boston newspapers, primarily the New York Daily Tribune. Most of the items pertain to the Civil War in Missouri, 1861-1862, and include maps and diagrams of the war in the west.
Cogswell, Mabel, Diary, 1877, (R0517)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a typescript of the diary of Mabel Cogswell, a young woman whose father was superintendent of the Hazard mining property at Mine La Motte in Madison County, Missouri. The entries include notes on the weather and comments daily life, social events, and sickness in the community at Mine La Motte, 1 January –25 July 1877.
Cooper, Benjamin C., Account Book, 1856-1860, (C2975)
The records contain miscellaneous accounts for purchases and boarding; a few diary-like entries. Cooper was apparently living in Fredericktown, Madison County, Missouri.
Counts Family, Papers, 1884-1983, (CG0002)
0.2 cubic feet (7 folders)
This collection contains a genealogy written by Hilde W. Beaty of five generations of the Counts' family, starting with the Nicholas, Aaron, John Adam, and William David family lines. The family papers contain complete, and incomplete, correspondence and writings from George, J.W. (Julian), Henry, Joel, and Gilbert Counts, and others with unidentified authors. Photographs of identified and unidentified Counts' family, as early as 1884, are present. Diplomas received by Gilbert and J.W. Counts marking completion of education are stored separately in oversized folders. Miscellaneous papers from the family bible, with two bible pages recording life events removed and transferred to the collection.
D. B. Axtell & Company, Ledger, 1878, (R0442)
1 oversize volume
This is an indexed account ledger of a grocery, general store, and tie-buying firm in southeastern Missouri. D. B. Axtell and J. P. Gabriel were the proprietors, based in Poplar Bluff and doing business in Butler and Stoddard counties in Missouri. The volume includes accounts receivable, lists of payments for ties, and expense accounts, and collections.
Federal Lead Company, Mining Dept., Flat River, Missouri, Letterbooks, 1907-1913, (R0520)
These are letterbooks of outgoing correspondence maintained by Harry Adelbert Guess, general manager of the Federal Lead Company's mine and mill at Flat River in St. Francois County, Missouri. Topics include production, exploration, shipping, labor relations, and environmental pollution.
First Presbyterian Church, Fredericktown, Missouri, Records, 1880-1985, (R0322)
These are minutes of meetings of the Session and the congregation, church registers, and the centennial history of the First Presbyterian Church of Fredericktown in Madison County, Missouri. Since 1964 Fredericktown has shared pastors with churches at Cornwall and Ironton.
Fletcher, Alma, "Library History of Iron County," 1957, (R0150)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a history of library service in Iron County, Missouri, from private libraries through the establishment of a free public library in 1947 and the Ozark Regional Library in 1948.
Gale, Betty Lou, "Fredericktown, Missouri," n.d., (R0029)
26 pages, typescript
This is a photocopy of a history of Fredericktown, Madison County, Missouri.
Graniteview Missionary Baptist Church, Roselle, Missouri, Records, 1948-1967, (R0745)
2 folders, photocopies
These are the records of Graniteview Missionary Baptist Church at Roselle in Madison County, Missouri. Included are the church record book, containing a register of members and minutes of church meetings, 1948-1967, and "Uniform Associational Letters" sent annually to the Franklin Baptist Association, 1956-1966.
Guitar, Sarah (1892-1963), Collection, n.d., (C3391)
1.5 cubic feet, 5 card boxes
Card file compiled by Sarah Guitar, reference librarian of the State Historical Society of Missouri, as a guide to county boundaries of Missouri, 1812-1929; Missouri congressional district boundaries, 1845-1933; Missouri senatorial districts, 1820-1931; and Missouri judicial circuits, 1815-1915.
Hall, Gertrude Scott, "History of Mine La Motte," 1939, (R0025)
29 pages, typescript
This is a photocopy of a history of Mine La Motte in Madison County, Missouri, compiled by Gertrude Scott Hall. Mrs. Hall is the daughter of William A. Scott, who was a director of the Mine La Motte Company (1869) and mine manager (1869-1879).
Hazard, Rowland, Memorial Service, 1898, (R0141)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a "Service in Remembrance of Rowland Hazard," a pamphlet containing texts of memorial addresses. Hazard, a financier and industrialist of South Kingston, Rhode Island, was owner of the Mine La Motte mining tract in Madison County, Missouri, 1870-1897.
Hazard Dressing Mill, Mine La Motte, Missouri, Description, 1896, (R0028)
23 pages, typescript
This typescript describes the mill and milling process for lead ores at Mine La Motte. Rowland G. Hazard, a South Kingston, Rhode Island, industrialist and financier who bought the Mine La Motte Company in 1870, established the mill in 1867. The company had been in financial difficulties before its sale, and Hazard brought needed capital to the enterprise.
Hill, Commodore Perry, Collection, 1885-1982, (R0125)
101 folders, 3 volumes, 91 photographs
These are newspaper clippings, maps, miscellaneous items, and photographs pertaining to lead mining and related railroad development in the Old Lead Belt, principally of St. Francois and Madison counties in southeastern Missouri. The material is arranged in topical and biographical series.
How, Russell A. (1906-1996) and Bernadine M. (1910-2001), Collection, 1927-1989, (C4023)
5 linear feet, 4 card files
The Russell and Bernadine How collection contains photographs, maps, printed materials, and notes on grist mills in the Ozarks region of Missouri and Arkansas. The collection also includes materials related to Missouri tourism.
Iron County, Missouri, School Records, 1872-1932, (R0159)
6 folders, photocopies
These are records of the district clerks for District No. 3, Roselle School, Madison and Iron counties, 1872-1893; and District No. 18, Middlebrook School, Iron County, 1909-1914. Also included are the visiting records of the county superintendent, 1909-1912, and teachers' certificates and contracts.
James, David A. (1937- ) Papers, 1790-2008, (C4126)
5 cubic feet
The research material of a hotel management instructor whose work resulted in the publication Historic Hotels of Missouri: Hotels, Inns, and Taverns of 19th Century Missouri.
Kemper, Benjamin F., Ledger, 1885-1888, (R0441)
This is an indexed account ledger of B. F. Kemper, a blacksmith at Fredericktown in Madison County, Missouri. The volume includes accounts receivable for services rendered, 1885-1888, and "cash book" records of daily transactions, January 1887 -- January 1888.
Kiefner, Charles E., Papers, 1925-1931, (R0189)
These are papers of a U.S. Representative from Perryville, Missouri. He represented the 13th District (Bollinger, Carter, Iron, Jefferson, Madison, Perry, Reynolds, St. Francois, Ste. Genevieve, Washington, and Wayne counties) in the 69th (1925-1927) and 71st (1929-1931) Congresses. Included are general subject files, post office files, and veterans' pension files.
Laramore, Edmond, collector, Baptist Associations Minutes, 1912-1980, (R0394)
This collection consists largely of printed minutes of annual meetings of United or Missionary Baptist associations in southern Missouri. The minutes include the records of annual sessions, committee reports, and statistical information on the associations and their constituent churches. Also included are a few miscellaneous Baptist publications.
Lee, Richard L. (1925-2011), County Courthouse Photographs, ca. 1955, (P0003)
The collection includes photographs of county courthouses for the state of Missouri, taken in the mid-twentieth century by Richard L. Lee.
Lindsay Family, Papers, 1858-ca. 1980, (R0352)
1 folder, photocopies
This collection consists of correspondence, biographical material, and miscellaneous material regarding James Lindsay of Ironton, Missouri, and his sons, Joseph F. Lindsay and Robert L. Lindsay. The Lindsays were prominent early residents of Iron County and were Union veterans of the Civil War.
Madison Cooperative Manufacturing Company, Fredericktown, Missouri, Account Book, 1878-1879, (C3027)
1 roll of microfilm
The account book of the Madison Cooperative Manufacturing Company of Fredericktown, Missouri lists sales for 1878-1879 for the iron works company.
Mains, John B., Letters, 1861-1864, (R0245)
1 folder, photocopies
These are Civil War letters of John B. Mains of the 6th Missouri Infantry. Mains wrote from camps in Missouri while he served in John C. Frémont's Army of the West, and from Tennessee, Mississippi, and Alabama during service with the Army of the Tennessee.
Mark Twain National Forest, Historical Photographs, ca. 1900-1985, (R0485)
These are photographs copied from holdings of the Mark Twain National Forest in Rolla, Missouri. Topics include National Forest facilities and projects; forest and wood industries; water mills; lakes, rivers, and springs; mines; dams; and the Civilian Conservation Corps and Youth Conservation Corps.
Mark Twain National Forest, Local History Collection, 1930s-1980s, (R0471)
This collection was selected from unofficial files on miscellaneous historical topics, including local histories, the CCC, the YCC, the "Irish Wilderness," and the Eleven Point River. There are transcriptions of interviews with "old-timers" and Forest Service retirees.
Marvin Collegiate Institute, Fredericktown, Missouri, Records, 1894-1898, (C2974)
2 rolls of microfilm
The records contain record books of a school associated with the Methodist Episcopal Church. Roll one is the record book of the finance committee, October 1894 to January 1896, which deals primarily with the erection of the institute building. Roll two is the treasurer's record book, October 1894 to August 1898, showing receipts and disbursements.
Matkin, William L. H., Memoranda Book, ca. 1865-1922, (R0784)
1 folder, photocopies, typescript
This is the memoranda book of Rev. William L. H. Matkin, a Baptist minister in Madison County, Missouri. Included are notes on persons baptized and married, funerals preached, notations on personal finances, and an inventory of a blacksmith shop.
McCormick, Cyrus T., "The Missouri Indian Trails," n.d., (R0031)
25 pages, typescript
This is a photocopy of a paper, which describes Indian trails and the earliest roads in Missouri, with an emphasis on the southeastern portion of the state.
Mine La Motte Estate, Madison County, Missouri, Records, 1875-1897, (C1260)
Miners' register including two sets of mining rules and regulations and the signatures of miners employed.
Mine La Motte, Missouri, Abstract of Title, ca. 1922, (R0027)
27 pages, typescript
This is a photocopy of a typescript compilation of the abstract of title to the property at Mine La Motte in Madison County, Missouri. Mine La Motte was the site of an early, and long-producing, lead mining operation. The abstract was formerly part of the collection of Dr. W. Harry Barron of Fredericktown, Missouri, and is now owned by the Madison County Historical Society. The abstract was excerpted from the official records of Madison County, but its accuracy has not been checked. The compiler and date of compilation are unknown, although the last transaction listed occurred in 1922.
Mine La Motte, Missouri, "Observations on the La Motte Mines and Domain," 1839, (R0034)
This is a photocopy of a pamphlet published by the proprietors of Mine La Motte, "... for the purpose of calling the attention of Capitalists to it." Also included are excerpts from a speech given to the citizens of Fredericktown, Missouri, by Thomas Green Clemson, geologist and mineralogist.
Mine La Motte Company, Booklet, 1916, (R0930)
This is a report To the Stockholders: Mine La Motte Company from president A. J. Meier. Dated 31 March 1916, the report presents in favorable terms the conditions and prospects of the company's mining and other operations in Madison and Saint Francois counties in Missouri.
Missouri Extension Homemakers Association, Inc., "Sacred Stones and Stained Glass Windows," Project, 1977-1980, (C3723)
7.1 cubic feet
Statewide documentation of local churches by county. Includes cultural arts reports, church histories, floor plans, architectural details, clippings, slides, photographs, and miscellany.
Missouri, Historic Mining Photographs, ca. 1880s-1910s, (R0620)
This is a collection of photographs concerning mining industries in Missouri, with an emphasis on the Old Lead Belt of southeastern Missouri, and the Tri-State mining district centered on Joplin in Jasper County, Missouri. The subjects include surface installations of various mines, mining equipment, mills, and general views of the mining areas.
Missouri & Illinois Mineral & Land Co., Papers, 1834-1900, (R0058)
These are records of the acquisition and disposition of lands in a speculative industrial development scheme in Jefferson, Ste. Genevieve, Perry, Cape Girardeau, and Madison counties in Missouri.
Missouri, Fredericktown. Board of Directors' Announcement, 1905, (C2356)
The collection contains an announcement issued by the Fredericktown board of directors concerning T.D. Bennick's method of seeking election as county school commissioner.
Mitchell, Ewing Young, Jr. (1873-1954), Papers, 1840-1949 (C1041)
0.4 linear feet
Papers of a Springfield, Missouri, lawyer active in Democratic Party politics, who served as assistant secretary of commerce in Franklin Roosevelt's first administration. Material concerns family affairs, law practice with emphasis on county indebtedness, Ozark land speculation, and Democratic politics on the state and national levels.
Mondale, Lester, Papers, 1965-1977, (R0111)
27 folders, 3 volumes
This collection consists of correspondence, notes, published works, and miscellaneous material of Lester Mondale, a retired Unitarian minister from near Fredericktown in Madison County, Missouri. He was president of the Fellowship of Religious Humanists, 1965-1972 and 1974-1976. Much of the collection is related to the Fellowship.
Morrow, Lynn, Collection, 1982-ca. 2010, (R1000)
296 folders, 7 cubic feet
These are the correspondence and research files of a Missouri historian. Topics include history, personages, architecture, culture, and folklore, particularly of the Ozarks region of Missouri, but also areas in the central and northern parts of the state. The papers include wide-ranging correspondence concerning research into and publication of the 19th century historical writings of Theodore P. Russell of Iron County and Silas C. Turnbo of southwest Missouri. The collection also includes a large selection of promotional publications and ephemera associated with late 20th century tourism in Missouri and Arkansas.
Pilot Knob, Missouri, Civil War Telegrams, 1862-1863, (R0137)
2 folders, photocopies
These are telegrams sent and received by Col. John B. Gray, commander of the Union post at Pilot Knob, Iron County, Missouri. The dispatches include communications with district headquarters at St. Louis, and with detachments throughout southeastern Missouri, especially those at Fredericktown, Patterson, Van Buren, and Barnesville. The telegrams cover the period from November 1862 to April 1863.
Politics in Missouri Oral History Project, Records, 1996-, (C3929)
1.8 linear feet
Interviews with Missouri legislators, politicians, aides, and other participants in Missouri politics. The records include audio cassettes, compact discs, and transcripts of the interviews.
Presbytery of Missouri, Minutes, 1920-1943, (C1353)
0.2 linear feet
The records contain official copies of minutes of the Presbytery of Missouri. Minutes for 1920-1939 are bound; others are in pamphlet form.
Presbytery of Missouri Records, 1817-1920, (C1354)
1.4 linear feet, 6 oversize volumes
The records of the Presbytery of Missouri contain minutes, reports, and other records of an organization composed of ministers and representative elders of Presbyterian churches in Missouri. Volumes 1-6 have been microfilmed. Volume 7 is available onsite. See also collection C1353.
Ramsay Place Names File 1928-1945, (C2366)
12 cubic feet
Card file of origins of Missouri place names, compiled by students of Robert L. Ramsay, University of Missouri professor of English.
Saint Francois County, Missouri, Booklet, 1925, (R0248)
This is "A Message to the Homeseeker," a booklet advertising the towns of Bonne Terre, Farmington, and Flat River in St. Francois County, and Fredericktown in Madison County, Missouri. There are descriptions of 157 businesses and illustrations of 85 commercial establishments, public buildings, and churches.
Sainte Genevieve, Missouri, Mineral Account Book, 1828-1867, (R0340)
This volume contains accounts for lead, copper, and "copper stone" shipped at Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, 1828-1848, mostly by the firm of Menard & Valle, and a letter of 1867 from H. Janis of Ste. Genevieve to John Hall of Madison County, Missouri, concerning land on the St. Francis River.
St. Francois Baptist Association, Minute Books, 1918-1952, (R0812)
These booklets contain printed minutes of annual meetings of an association of Baptist churches in southeastern Missouri. The St. Francois Baptist Association included about twenty congregations in Madison, Bollinger, Wayne, and Iron counties.
St. Joe Minerals Corporation, Collection, 1864-1974, (R0048)
These are business records from mining concerns in Missouri's "Old Lead Belt." The collection includes records from the St. Joseph Lead Company, the Doe Run Lead Company, the Bonne Terre Farming and Cattle Company, and the Mine La Motte Corporation.
St. Joseph Lead Company, "Lead Mining in Southeast Missouri," ca. 1940, (R0393)
1 video cassette
This is a film about the lead industry in St. Francois County, Missouri. Co-produced by the U.S. Bureau of Mines, the film features segments on the geological and historical record, underground mining methods, the milling process, and development of the mining communities. The film has been reproduced on 1/2" videotape (VHS).
State of Missouri Collection, (P0018)
Over 400 original photos created for the 1904 publication on Missouri at the time of the World's Fair by Walter Williams; shows all aspects and counties in Missouri.
Stevens, James A., Journal, 1878-1884, (R0192)
1 folder, photocopies
This is a journal of a missionary for the American Sunday School Union in southeastern Missouri. Stevens promoted and organized Sunday school classes in Butler, Madison, St. Francois, and Wayne counties from a base in Fredericktown.
The Missouri Collection, (C3982)
The Missouri Collection is an artificial collection combining miscellaneous small acquisitions related to Missouri places, individuals, organizations, and events.
Thompson, Henry C., Papers, 1884-1970, (R0047)
These are papers of a trustee of the State Historical Society of Missouri, genealogist, and a historian of mining in St. Francois County and the operations of the St. Joseph Lead Company. The collection includes research notes and correspondence, and a group of lead company records, 1884-1902.
Tolson, Fannie Marie (1911-2005), Papers, 1890s-2005, (C1704)
2.3 linear feet, 3 audio cassettes, 2 video cassettes, 1 dvd
Fannie Marie Tolson was the first African-American educator to teach in the desegregated schools of Fayette, Missouri. Her papers include family correspondence and photographs, memorabilia from Lincoln University, Jefferson City, Missouri, teaching aids, documents concerning St. Paul's Methodist Church in Fayette, and recordings of two interviews conducted with Tolson.
U.S. Selective Service System, Missouri, Records, 1917-1918, (C2681)
445 folders negative Photostats, 8.7 cubic feet
Lists of persons by county and district selective service boards whose cards were held by those boards. Arranged alphabetically by county.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, "Church Bibliography, Baptist Bodies of Missouri, Associational Minutes," 1941, (C1312)
The collection contains a list of the various Baptist associations in Missouri and the dates for which their records are in existence.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, Historical Records Survey, Missouri, 1935-1942, (C3551)
302 linear feet; also available on 817 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, records, and working files. Originally designed to survey and inventory all county government records, the survey finally included inventories of church records, manuscript collections, vital statistics, American imprints, and federal archives. Incorporates records of the Federal Writers Project for Missouri.
van Ravenswaay, Charles (1911-1990), Papers, 1841-1990, (C3873)
21.8 linear feet, 1 audio cassette
Correspondence, research notes, photographs, and literary manuscripts of historian and author Charles van Ravenswaay, former director of the Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis; Old Sturbridge Village, Sturbridge, Massachusetts; and the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum and Gardens, Wilmington, Delaware.
Van Sickle, Ferris H., "History of Mine La Motte," 1949, (R0026)
41 pages, typescript
This is a photocopy of a term paper prepared for a class at Southeast Missouri State University at Cape Girardeau, Missouri.
Williams, Francis Marion, Papers, 1862-1866, (R0413)
1 folder, photocopies
These are Civil War papers of Francis M. Williams, a native of Fredericktown in Madison County, Missouri, who served in the 4th Missouri Militia Regiment and the 50th Missouri Infantry. The collection includes correspondence and military papers concerning duty at St. Francis Bridge and in Iron and Washington counties in Missouri.