Lincoln County was organized in 1818. The county seat is Troy. The collections listed below deal in some manner with Lincoln County. This list is not comprehensive, so be sure to browse collection descriptions by subject.
*Collections marked with DIGITIZED MATERIALS have additional digitized items available.
Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service Aerial Photographs, (P0335)
107.5 linear feet
Missouri county aerial photographs produced by the Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service.
Big Creek Mill, Records, 1867-1902, (C4115)
0.5 cubic feet
The records of the Big Creek Mill contain transaction ledgers for the Big Creek Mill Company near Wright City, Missouri, owned by Charles A. Schroeder. The mill is sometimes referred to as Schroeder's Lumber and Grist Mill.
Breckenridge, William Clark (1862-1927), Papers, 1752-1927, (C1036)
4.75 linear feet, 21 volumes, 3 rolls of microfilm
The papers of the St. Louis businessman, writer, and historian contain correspondence, scrapbooks, book sale announcements, and miscellaneous materials, with an emphasis on St. Louis and Missouri history.
Brown, Andy J., "Sand Run Church from April 1844 to 10-17-37," and "Out at Old Sand Run," 1945-1955, (C1304)
Brief history of Old Sand Run Primitive Baptist Church, founded in 1815 as Upper Cuivre Baptist Church and called Old School Baptist Church at Sand Run after 1849. Located in Lincoln County, Missouri. Includes excerpts from church records and list of members.
Brown, Andy J., "Troy Presbyterian Church," 1946, (C1345)
Brief history of the Troy Church and how it was organized, including list of original members.
Cardell, Henry, Account, 1851, (C1630)
State of Missouri in account with Henry Cardell for the funeral expenses of A[lexander] Reid, representative from Lincoln County.
Civil War Scrapbook, Missouri, 1823-1868, (C1379)
The papers contain a collection of newspaper clippings on Missouri, 1823-1868, from New York and Boston newspapers, primarily the New York Daily Tribune. Most of the items pertain to the Civil War in Missouri, 1861-1862, and include maps and diagrams of the war in the west.
Gilliam, Charles Wesley, Diary, 1856-1876, (C3272)
Daily account of a Lincoln County, MO, farmer's life. Marriages and deaths, activities of friends and relatives, election returns, prices paid for household goods, farm life, and Civil War experience.
Guitar, Sarah (1892-1963), Collection, n.d., (C3391)
1.5 cubic feet, 5 card boxes
Card file compiled by Sarah Guitar, reference librarian of the State Historical Society of Missouri, as a guide to county boundaries of Missouri, 1812-1929; Missouri congressional district boundaries, 1845-1933; Missouri senatorial districts, 1820-1931; and Missouri judicial circuits, 1815-1915.
Harper, C.A., ""History of Hawk Point,"" n.d., (C2814)
Brief history of Hawk Point, Missouri.
Howdeshell Family Documents, 1831-1839, (C1961)
Miscellaneous legal documents.
James, David A. (1937- ) Papers, 1790-2008, (C4126)
5 cubic feet
The research material of a hotel management instructor whose work resulted in the publication Historic Hotels of Missouri: Hotels, Inns, and Taverns of 19th Century Missouri.
Lee, Richard L., Courthouse Photographs, (P0003)
The collection includes photographs of county courthouses for the state of Missouri, taken in the mid-twentieth century by Richard L. Lee.
McClain, Charles M., Postcard Collection, (P0539)
23 postcards of Missouri scenes, including the Ozarks, Paseo in Kansas City, Warrenton, Troy, Hannibal, St. Louis, St. Joseph, Nevada, and Russellville.
Missouri Ex-POWs Oral History Project, Records, 2000-, (C3975)
Interviews with ex-prisoners of war (POWs). The records include audio cassettes and transcripts.
Missouri Extension Homemakers Association, Inc., Sacred Stones & Stained Glass Windows, Project, (C3723)
7.1 linear feet
Statewide documentation of local churches by county. Includes cultural arts reports, church histories, floor plans, architectural details, clippings, slides, photographs, and miscellany.
Missouri Veterans History Project, Oral History Records, 2010- (C4052)
2.4 cubic feet
The records of the Missouri Veterans History Project contain the local copy of veteran oral history interviews recorded for the Veterans History Project at the Library of Congress. The records include audio, video, interview logs, and some transcripts. The former Western Historical Manuscript Collection, a joint collection with the State Historical Society of Missouri, was a founding partner of the Veterans History Project in 2001.
Mitchell, Ewing Young, Jr. (1873-1954), Papers, 1840-1949 (C1041)
0.4 linear feet
Papers of a Springfield, Missouri, lawyer active in Democratic Party politics, who served as assistant secretary of commerce in Franklin Roosevelt's first administration. Material concerns family affairs, law practice with emphasis on county indebtedness, Ozark land speculation, and Democratic politics on the state and national levels.
Peers, Edward J., Letter, 1839, (C2957)
To Lilburn W. Boggs, Jefferson City, MO, from Troy, MO, Dec. 10, 1839. Letter requesting equipage for a 200-mile march ordered of Peer's brigade by Major General D. Willock.
Presbytery of Missouri, Minutes, 1920-1943, (C1353)
0.2 linear feet
The records contain official copies of minutes of the Presbytery of Missouri. Minutes for 1920-1939 are bound; others are in pamphlet form.
Presbytery of Missouri Records, 1817-1920, (C1354)
1.4 linear feet, 6 oversize volumes
The records of the Presbytery of Missouri contain minutes, reports, and other records of an organization composed of ministers and representative elders of Presbyterian churches in Missouri. Volumes 1-6 have been microfilmed. Volume 7 is available onsite. See also collection C1353.
Ramsay Place Names File 1928-1945, (C2366)
12 cubic feet
Card file of origins of Missouri place names, compiled by students of Robert L. Ramsay, University of Missouri professor of English.
Richards, John Edward, Legal Papers, 1860-1936, (C2155)
The papers of John Edward Richards contain photostats of legal papers of J.E. Richards of Moscow Mills, MO, his immediate family, contemporaries, and descendants. Stock certificates, leases, deeds, insurance policy, and bills are included.
Smiley Family Papers, 1804-1951, (C3671)
0.4 cubic feet
Correspondence, deeds, appointments, legal documents regarding suits and estates, receipts and business papers concerning Samuel W. Smiley, early settler and property owner in Lincoln County, MO. Similar material regarding his wife, children, relatives and descendants is also included. The bulk of this collection dates from the 1820s to the 1840s.
Smiley, George B., "History of Mill Creek Church," 1927, (C1323)
Excerpt from Smiley's church history, listing early members, ministers, and people ordained from the congregation, and describing the two buildings which housed the church. Also lists the Baptist associations to which the church belonged.
State Historical Society of Missouri, Typescript Collection, (C0995)
774 items on 14 rolls of microfilm
The State Historical Society of Missouri Typescript Collection consists of typescripts of articles and manuscripts donated over the years to the Historical Society.
State of Missouri Photograph Collection, (P0018)
Over 400 original photos created for the 1904 publication on Missouri at the time of the World's Fair by Walter Williams; shows all aspects and counties in Missouri.
U.S. Selective Service System, Missouri, Records, 1917-1918, (C2681)
445 folders negative Photostats, 8.7 cubic feet
Lists of persons by county and district selective service boards whose cards were held by those boards. Arranged alphabetically by county.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, "Church Bibliography, Baptist Bodies of Missouri, Associational Minutes," 1941, (C1312)
The collection contains a list of the various Baptist associations in Missouri and the dates for which their records are in existence.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, Historical Records Survey, Missouri, 1935-1942, (C3551)
302 linear feet; also available on 817 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, records, and working files. Originally designed to survey and inventory all county government records, the survey finally included inventories of church records, manuscript collections, vital statistics, American imprints, and federal archives. Incorporates records of the Federal Writers Project for Missouri.
University of Missouri, Agricultural Extension Service, Records, 1908-1963, (C2513)
1.5 linear feet
The records of the University of Missouri Agricultural Extension Service contain histories, letters, reports, memoranda, speeches, maps, publications, newspaper articles, and pictures concerning Missouri Agricultural Extension Service and U.S. Department of Agriculture policies; agricultural, home economics, and 4-H extension work; and the College of Agriculture.
van Ravenswaay, Charles (1911-1990), Papers, 1841-1990, (C3873)
21.8 linear feet, 1 audio cassette
Correspondence, research notes, photographs, and literary manuscripts of historian and author Charles van Ravenswaay, former director of the Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis; Old Sturbridge Village, Sturbridge, Massachusetts; and the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum and Gardens, Wilmington, Delaware.