Jefferson County was organized in 1818. The county seat is Hillsboro. The collections listed below deal in some manner with Jefferson County. This list is not comprehensive, so be sure to browse collection descriptions by subject.
*Collections marked with DIGITIZED MATERIALS have additional digitized items available.
Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service Aerial Photographs, (P0335)
107.5 linear feet
Missouri county aerial photographs produced by the Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service.
Boyer, Mary Joan, Scrapbook, 1957-1959, (C1386)
Newspaper articles on history of Jefferson County, MO, from DAILY NEWS-DEMOCRAT, Festus, MO (1957-1959), and JEFFERSON COUNTY RECORD, Hillsboro, MO (1959). Interviews with long-time residents and a poem by M.J. Boyer, "Autumn in Jefferson County."
Civil War Scrapbook, Missouri, 1823-1868, (C1379)
The papers contain a collection of newspaper clippings on Missouri, 1823-1868, from New York and Boston newspapers, primarily the New York Daily Tribune. Most of the items pertain to the Civil War in Missouri, 1861-1862, and include maps and diagrams of the war in the west.
George B. Cole, Commission and Forwarding Merchant, Selma, Missouri, Record Book, 1854-1856, (C2976)
The records contain shipping records showing date, sender, recipient, type of freight, and name of steamboat on which freight was shipped. Freight includes lead, hides, grains and fruit, and personal possessions.
Guitar, Sarah (1892-1963), Collection, n.d., (C3391)
1.5 cubic feet, 5 card boxes
Card file compiled by Sarah Guitar, reference librarian of the State Historical Society of Missouri, as a guide to county boundaries of Missouri, 1812-1929; Missouri congressional district boundaries, 1845-1933; Missouri senatorial districts, 1820-1931; and Missouri judicial circuits, 1815-1915.
How, Russell A. (1906-1996) and Bernadine M. (1910-2001), Collection, 1927-1989, (C4023)
5 linear feet, 4 card files
The Russell and Bernadine How collection contains photographs, maps, printed materials, and notes on grist mills in the Ozarks region of Missouri and Arkansas. The collection also includes materials related to Missouri tourism.
James, David A. (1937- ) Papers, 1790-2008, (C4126)
5 cubic feet
The research material of a hotel management instructor whose work resulted in the publication Historic Hotels of Missouri: Hotels, Inns, and Taverns of 19th Century Missouri.
Killian, Ralph D., "The Melting Pot," n.d., (C2895)
The collection contains a history of Jefferson, Ste. Genevieve, Perry, and Cape Girardeau Counties, MO, describing the geology, natural resources, and early settlers.
Lee, Richard L., Courthouse Photographs, (P0003)
The collection includes photographs of county courthouses for the state of Missouri, taken in the mid-twentieth century by Richard L. Lee.
Litton, Howard C., Audio Tapes, (SUNP2666)
Interview with Howard C. Litton, "Early Days of Festus-Crystal City."
Litton, Howard C., Photograph Collection, (P0398)
Photos of Valle Mines, MO, tornado, April 13, 1911. Photo of Jun 1938 flooding, Jefferson County, MO. Photographic postcard of Festus Armory.
McCormack Family Papers, 1777-1873, (C2338)
Letters from John Burgoyne to Horatio Gates about treatment of wounded and noncombatants during the Revolutionary War, 1777. Correspondence about immigration to Texas from Missouri, 1842-1844, economic conditions, politics, J. Cox estate in Jefferson County, MO. 1841-1852 business accounts, weather and farm labor journal, marriage and death records, and diary of James McCormack.
Miller, Eddie, Photograph Collection, (P0608)
0.23 linear feet
Photographs of the Truman Presidential Library, ca. 1974. Copy photos, the bulk of which depict DeSoto, Jefferson County, MO. Also images of Washington County and Old Mines, MO.
Missouri Extension Homemakers Association, Inc., Sacred Stones & Stained Glass Windows, Project, (C3723)
7.1 linear feet
Statewide documentation of local churches by county. Includes cultural arts reports, church histories, floor plans, architectural details, clippings, slides, photographs, and miscellany.
Missouri Place Names Study, 1927-1928 (C3459)
0.6 linear feet
Correspondence, term papers, and information collected by graduate students at the University of Missouri during a study of the origin and history of place names in forty-two Missouri counties.
Missouri Veterans History Project, Oral History Records, 2010- (C4052)
2.4 cubic feet
The records of the Missouri Veterans History Project contain the local copy of veteran oral history interviews recorded for the Veterans History Project at the Library of Congress. The records include audio, video, interview logs, and some transcripts. The former Western Historical Manuscript Collection, a joint collection with the State Historical Society of Missouri, was a founding partner of the Veterans History Project in 2001.
Missouri, Jefferson County, Papers, 1818-1826, (C1897)
The collection contains miscellaneous papers pertaining to the establishment of Jefferson County, including papers establishing Herculaneum as the county seat, 1818; division of the county into townships, 1819; and a petition for removal of county seat from Herculaneum, 1826.
Missouri. Transmississippi Exposition Commission, Broadside, n.d., (C3259)
The collection contains the broadside, "Imperial Missouri." An appeal for assistance by the Missouri Transmississippi Exposition Commission," asking for financial contributions for Missouri's entry in the exposition.
Morrow, Lynn, Collection, 1982-ca. 2010, (R1000)
296 folders, 7 cubic feet
These are the correspondence and research files of a Missouri historian. Topics include history, personages, architecture, culture, and folklore, particularly of the Ozarks region of Missouri, but also areas in the central and northern parts of the state. The papers include wide-ranging correspondence concerning research into and publication of the 19th century historical writings of Theodore P. Russell of Iron County and Silas C. Turnbo of southwest Missouri. The collection also includes a large selection of promotional publications and ephemera associated with late 20th century tourism in Missouri and Arkansas.
Null, W. Scott (1850-1938), Autobiographical Notes, 1924, (C1613)
The collection contains letters to the State Historical Society of Missouri relating the history of Joachim Church, the first church built west of the Mississippi River, in Jefferson County, MO; a history of the settlement; old settlers; and Null family history and genealogy.
Null, W. Scott (1850-1938), Autobiographical Notes, 1935, (C1612)
The collection contains Null's account of his association with Jesse James, who worked two months cutting cordwood for Null in 1873.
Old Settlers’ Association of Jefferson County, Papers, 1905-1952, (C1010)
Reports on historic landmarks and events, obituaries of deceased members, records, and correspondence of the association.
Overland Mail Centennial Scrapbook, 1958, (C3457)
Clippings, photographs, brochures, and miscellaneous records which marked the hundredth anniversary of the first overland stage route in the U.S.
Politics in Missouri Oral History Project, Records, 1996-, (C3929)
1.8 linear feet
Interviews with Missouri legislators, politicians, aides, and other participants in Missouri politics. The records include audio cassettes, compact discs, and transcripts of the interviews.
Presbytery of Missouri, Minutes, 1920-1943, (C1353)
0.2 linear feet
The records contain official copies of minutes of the Presbytery of Missouri. Minutes for 1920-1939 are bound; others are in pamphlet form.
Presbytery of Missouri Records, 1817-1920, (C1354)
1.4 linear feet, 6 oversize volumes
The records of the Presbytery of Missouri contain minutes, reports, and other records of an organization composed of ministers and representative elders of Presbyterian churches in Missouri. Volumes 1-6 have been microfilmed. Volume 7 is available onsite. See also collection C1353.
Ramsay Place Names File 1928-1945, (C2366)
12 cubic feet
Card file of origins of Missouri place names, compiled by students of Robert L. Ramsay, University of Missouri professor of English.
Ramsay, Robert L. (1880-1953), Papers, 1918-1953, (C3230)
2.5 linear feet
The Robert Ramsay Papers includes correspondence, 1918-1953; notes, rough drafts, revisions, and proof sheets for the Place Name series, with emphasis upon the Missouri Place Names; newspaper clippings about Ramsay and newspaper clippings of the Place Name articles. Small volumes of notes and a variety of prints pertaining to his academic classes are included as well as sample themes and bibliographies submitted by his students.
Rankin, Charles S., Letter, 1876, (C1629)
To [Charles Henry Hardin, Hillsboro, MO], from [Herculaneum, MO], Jan. 12, 1876. Letter to governor about disputed land claims and court case.
Southeast Missouri Drummers' Association, Souvenir Program, 1913, (R1271)
This is the souvenir program of the seventeenth annual meeting of the Southeast Missouri Drummers' Association, held in Festus and Crystal City in Jefferson County, Missouri, 22-24 May 1913.
State Historical Society of Missouri, Typescript Collection, (C0995)
774 items on 14 rolls of microfilm
The State Historical Society of Missouri Typescript Collection consists of typescripts of articles and manuscripts donated over the years to the Historical Society.
State of Missouri Photograph Collection, (P0018)
Over 400 original photos created for the 1904 publication on Missouri at the time of the World's Fair by Walter Williams; shows all aspects and counties in Missouri.
Stockwell, Daisy Pat, Scrapbooks, 1953, (C1425)
Newspaper clippings on the history of Jefferson County from the DAILY NEWS-DEMOCRAT, Festus, MO.
U.S. Selective Service System, Missouri, Records, 1917-1918, (C2681)
445 folders negative Photostats, 8.7 cubic feet
Lists of persons by county and district selective service boards whose cards were held by those boards. Arranged alphabetically by county.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, "Church Bibliography, Baptist Bodies of Missouri, Associational Minutes," 1941, (C1312)
The collection contains a list of the various Baptist associations in Missouri and the dates for which their records are in existence.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, Historical Records Survey, Missouri, 1935-1942, (C3551)
302 linear feet; also available on 817 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, records, and working files. Originally designed to survey and inventory all county government records, the survey finally included inventories of church records, manuscript collections, vital statistics, American imprints, and federal archives. Incorporates records of the Federal Writers Project for Missouri.
University of Missouri, Agricultural Extension Service, Records, 1908-1963, (C2513)
1.5 linear feet
The records of the University of Missouri Agricultural Extension Service contain histories, letters, reports, memoranda, speeches, maps, publications, newspaper articles, and pictures concerning Missouri Agricultural Extension Service and U.S. Department of Agriculture policies; agricultural, home economics, and 4-H extension work; and the College of Agriculture.
Valle Mining Company, Records, 1839-1884, (R1278)
These are account books, ledgers, cash books, and other business records of the Valle Mining Company at Valles Mines, Missouri. Most of the collection concerns mining on the Valle tract in Jefferson and Saint Francois counties and related general merchandizing at the company's store. There are various records showing the receipt and shipment of ores, names of individual miners, charges and credits to individual and company accounts, and shipments of mineral to the Carondelet Zinc Works at Carondelet, Missouri, and consignment houses in Saint Louis and New York.
van Ravenswaay, Charles (1911-1990), Papers, 1841-1990, (C3873)
21.8 linear feet, 1 audio cassette
Correspondence, research notes, photographs, and literary manuscripts of historian and author Charles van Ravenswaay, former director of the Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis; Old Sturbridge Village, Sturbridge, Massachusetts; and the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum and Gardens, Wilmington, Delaware.