Chariton County was organized in 1820. The county seat is Keytesville. The collections listed below deal in some manner with Chariton County. This list is not comprehensive, so be sure to browse collection descriptions by subject.
*Collections marked with DIGITIZED MATERIALS have additional digitized items available.
Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service Aerial Photographs, (P0335)
107.5 linear feet
Missouri county aerial photographs produced by the Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service.
Applegate, Lisbon (1803-1875), Collection, 1819-1903, (C0996)
2 linear feet, 18 volumes
Correspondence and business papers of Lisbon and Lewis M. Applegate of Keytesville, Missouri. Letters from George W. Applegate in California, 1848-1873, describing prospects for ranching, gold mining, and wine-making ventures; politics; and impact of Civil War and abolitionists. Civil War in Missouri; politics in Missouri and Chariton County; economic conditions and opportunities in Chariton County.
Benecke Family Papers, 1816-1989, n.d., (C3825)
90.8 linear feet, 62 volumes, 3 audio tapes, 3 records, 413 glass plate negatives
Correspondence, business and law firm records, civic, political, legislative, and personal papers of a German American family of Brunswick, Missouri.
Benecke Family, Papers, (CA5893)
44.9 linear feet
Addition of Benecke family materials. Includes professional and personal correspondence, photographs, glass plate negatives, cartes-de-visite, stereograph cards, diaries, clippings, volumes, periodicals, scrapbooks, Grand Army of the Republic materials, Missouri Constitutional Convention materials, genealogical data, ephemera, and miscellaneous material. Includes Magruder, Sasse, Zillman, and other related families.
Bentley Family Collection, 1818-1980, (C3042)
73 folders, 1 volume
Correspondence of Nancy V. Bentley, Jordan R. Bentley, and J. Marshall Bentley. Reminiscences of Jordan R. Bentley and material pertaining to Bentley and other allied families. Material on the Civil War in Chariton, Howard, and Cooper Counties, family and social life in the 1880s and 1890s and Chariton County history.
Bill, Florence Harrison, Genealogical Pamphlet, 1950, (C0758)
As I Recall, Stories of and for the Family by Florence Harrison Bill, containing unusual stories of Columbia, Glasgow, and Fayette, MO.
Bowen Institute of Pharmacy, Extension Course Lessons, n.d., (C3842)
The records contain extension course lessons in botany, chemistry, medicine, and pharmacology through the Bowen Institute of Pharmacy in Brunswick, Missouri. Dr. Cyrus W. Bowen began the pharmacy school in 1910. The course lessons of the Bowen Institute were donated as part of the Benecke Family Papers. It was decided to make the lessons a separate collection.
Brunswick, Missouri, Fire Department, Records, 1894-1939, (C3061)
1 volume on microfilm
The records of the Brunswick Fire Department contain meeting minutes, election of officers, lists of members, financial records, and lists of fires, dating from organization in November 1894, through January 1939.
Caldwell, J.C., Photographs, (P0426)
0.21 linear feet
Photos of Boone County: Gordon Manor, Maplewood, M.K.T. Railroad Tunnel, Schaefer's Shoes, St. George's Church. Also, photos of Chariton County historic buildings.
Civil War Regimental Histories, Missouri, n.d., (C3500)
Organization, orders, campaigns, mustering out, and casualties of ten Missouri regiments in the Civil War.
Cochran, Betty Holmes, The Cecile Taylor Circle of King's Daughters, 1948-1969, 1969, (3327)
Brief history of how the group was formed, its members, officers and projects, and creation of an offspring chapter.
Coombs, Kenneth E., Papers, (CA5865)
5 linear feet
Project files of a Kansas City architect related to historic restoration projects in Missouri. Includes correspondence, photographs, survey material, planning documents, financial records, and architectural drawings, 1960s-1970s.
Couch, May Bartee, Collection, (CA6422)
27 cubic feet
Collection of family research files and obituaries of a professional genealogist from Marceline, Missouri, largely concerns Chariton, Linn, and surrounding counties.
Field, Gabriel, Journal, 1819, (C1891)
The papers contain a journal of a trip from Camp Missouri to Chariton kept by Gabriel Field from October 31 to November 27, 1819, for Colonel H. Atkinson. Journal includes detailed directions and observations of the area. Two maps of route.
Fort D'Orleans, Photographs, 1933, (C0786)
Annotated stereoscope photos of the probable site of Fort D'Orleans. Four photos with duplicates.
Glasgow, [Missouri] Merchant's Ledger, 1895-1897, (C2325)
Ledger of an unidentified Glasgow, MO, mercantile company.
Glasgow Savings Bank Books, 1865-1920, (C2554)
Records of an early Missouri bank.
Guitar, Sarah (1892-1963), Collection, n.d., (C3391)
1.5 cubic feet, 5 card boxes
Card file compiled by Sarah Guitar, reference librarian of the State Historical Society of Missouri, as a guide to county boundaries of Missouri, 1812-1929; Missouri congressional district boundaries, 1845-1933; Missouri senatorial districts, 1820-1931; and Missouri judicial circuits, 1815-1915.
Hardin, I., Veteran's Records, 1823-1857, (C2400)
Application for transfer of pension funds and original claim of Thomas Hardin, Howard County, MO, veteran of the Revolutionary War, who served in a Virginia regiment and Virginia militia, 1776-1800; also pension application papers of heirs of John Long, who served in the North Carolina militia.
Harrison, Marr & Co., Books, 1867-1869, (C2323)
Ledgers kept by a flour manufacturing business. John Harrison was president and Thomas H. Marr was secretary.
Hill, William E. and Bettie Redding, Letters, 1851, 1865-1866, (C3831)
0.2 linear feet
The papers contain correspondence between husband and wife concerning Civil War ravages of home and property in Keytesville, Chariton County, Missouri. Hill, a Southern sympathizer, returned to Keytesville to locate and rescue his property, but decided to reopen his mercantile establishment and bring his family home. Relates hazards, sectional animosity, loss of property, Reconstruction politics, friends and neighbors.
Insurance Company of North America, Policy Register, 1882-1889, (C2319)
Records of Glasgow, MO, agency, of which James S. Thomson was agent.
James, David A. (1937- ) Papers, 1790-2008, (C4126)
5 cubic feet
The research material of a hotel management instructor whose work resulted in the publication Historic Hotels of Missouri: Hotels, Inns, and Taverns of 19th Century Missouri.
Jameson, E.H.E., Letter, 1865, (C1571)
The collection contains a letter to Thomas C. Fletcher, from St. Louis, July 5, 1865. The letter recommends the appointment of Thomas Allen of Brunswick, a Union man, as judge of the Chariton County court of common pleas. Endorsed by W.S. Field and A. Griffen. Returned by the governor for added recommendations.
Jones, John A., Papers, 1876-1905, (C3748)
The papers of John A. Jones contain a rental agreement for land in Indiana; a trust deed for land in Chariton County, MO, and an order of publication for the settlement of Jone's estate.
Keyte, James, Collection, 1818-1876, (C1011)
0.8 linear feet; also available on 2 rolls of microfilm
Land records, correspondence, and miscellaneous papers of James Keyte, Missouri pioneer, founder of Brunswick and Keytesville in Chariton County, Methodist preacher, and merchant.
Keyte, Joseph T. (1838-1922), Papers, (CA6376)
Civil War diary, memoir, and miscellaneous papers of Joseph T. Keyte of Brunswick, Missouri. A Union soldier, Keyte served with the 49th Missouri Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Sketches are included in the diary.
Lee, Richard L. (1925-2011), County Courthouse Photographs, ca. 1955, (P0003)
The collection includes photographs of county courthouses for the state of Missouri, taken in the mid-twentieth century by Richard L. Lee.
Manchester, David, Letter, 1819, (C2064)
To Lydia, Washington County, NY, from Chariton, MO, Apr. 19, 1819. Writes his sister about land and corn prices, and admission of Missouri Territory as a state.
Miller, John, Affidavit, 1828, (C3381)
Affidavit signed by John Miller concerning presidential election returns, November 1828, from Chariton and Howard Counties.
Missouri Central Railroad Company, Articles of Association, 1868, (C1719)
Articles of association of a railroad to run from Laclede to an intersection with the Brunswick and Chillicothe Railroad in Chariton County. Amount of capital, stock, list of directors, and stockholders.
Missouri Extension Homemakers Association, Inc., "Sacred Stones and Stained Glass Windows," Project, 1977-1980, (C3723)
7.1 cubic feet
Statewide documentation of local churches by county. Includes cultural arts reports, church histories, floor plans, architectural details, clippings, slides, photographs, and miscellany.
Missouri Lives, Oral History Project, Records, 2014-, (C4249)
0.1 cubic feet, 6 CDs, 1 DVD
The collection consists of interviews with a wide array of Missourians who have had an interesting personal history and life. The collection consists of digitally recorded interviews, transcripts, and ephemera.
Missouri Place Names Study, 1927-1928 (C3459)
0.6 linear feet
Correspondence, term papers, and information collected by graduate students at the University of Missouri during a study of the origin and history of place names in forty-two Missouri counties.
Missouri, Salisbury, Lantern Slides, 1910s, (C3868)
148 lantern slides on 1 roll of microfilm
Lantern slides of Salisbury residents taken along Salisbury streets by an unknown photographer.
Mitchell, Ewing Young, Jr. (1873-1954), Papers, 1840-1949 (C1041)
0.4 linear feet
Papers of a Springfield, Missouri, lawyer active in Democratic Party politics, who served as assistant secretary of commerce in Franklin Roosevelt's first administration. Material concerns family affairs, law practice with emphasis on county indebtedness, Ozark land speculation, and Democratic politics on the state and national levels.
Morrow, Lynn, Collection, 1982-ca. 2010, (R1000)
296 folders, 7 cubic feet
These are the correspondence and research files of a Missouri historian. Topics include history, personages, architecture, culture, and folklore, particularly of the Ozarks region of Missouri, but also areas in the central and northern parts of the state. The papers include wide-ranging correspondence concerning research into and publication of the 19th century historical writings of Theodore P. Russell of Iron County and Silas C. Turnbo of southwest Missouri. The collection also includes a large selection of promotional publications and ephemera associated with late 20th century tourism in Missouri and Arkansas.
National Fire Insurance Co. of Hartford, Connecticut, Record Book, 1894-1902, (C2318)
Record book of a Glasgow, MO, agency, George B. Harrison, agent.
Pearson Family, Papers, 1822-1941 (C0297)
Papers of Isaac Pearson (1810-1895), of the mercantile firm of Boon, Pearson, and Smith of Fayette, Missouri, and miscellaneous writings of his grandson, Ben S. Pearson of St. Louis.
Pershing, John J., Teacher's Contract, 1881, (C2038)
The collection contains a contract between Pershing and District No. 1, Township No. 56, Range No. 20, Chariton County, MO, for three months.
Presbytery of Missouri, Minutes, 1920-1943, (C1353)
0.2 linear feet
The records contain official copies of minutes of the Presbytery of Missouri. Minutes for 1920-1939 are bound; others are in pamphlet form.
Presbytery of Missouri Records, 1817-1920, (C1354)
1.4 linear feet, 6 oversize volumes
The records of the Presbytery of Missouri contain minutes, reports, and other records of an organization composed of ministers and representative elders of Presbyterian churches in Missouri. Volumes 1-6 have been microfilmed. Volume 7 is available onsite. See also collection C1353.
Pritchett College, Glasgow, Missouri, Board of Trustees' Proceedings, 1868-1926, (C1209)
Articles of association; certificate of incorporation; charter granted by secretary of state of Missouri; by-laws; and reports of the president and treasurer and the director of Morrison Observatory, as incorporated in the minutes of the meetings of the board of trustees of the Pritchett School Institute (later Pritchett College) in Glasgow, MO.
Pritchett College, Glasgow, Missouri, Cash Book, 1868-1917, (C1207)
Cash book of a college in Glasgow, MO.
Pritchett College, Glasgow, Missouri, Journal, 1877-1918, (C1208)
Records of Pritchett College and Morrison Observatory. Salary, endowment, tuition, and real estate records are included.
Ramsay Place Names File 1928-1945, (C2366)
12 cubic feet
Card file of origins of Missouri place names, compiled by students of Robert L. Ramsay, University of Missouri professor of English.
Schrader, William Henry (1844-1921), Reminiscences, n.d., (C1519)
The reminiscences describe slavery in Missouri, including treatment of slaves, punishment, education, desire for freedom, fugitives, and character sketches of individual slaves. Also described are the Kansas-Missouri border conflicts, the Civil War in Missouri, bushwhackers, Claiborne Fox Jackson, the 1856 and 1860 presidential campaigns, German immigrants, Missouri Republicans, and Linneus and Brunswick, MO.
Shackleford,Thomas, (1822-1908), Books, 1893-1902, (C2324)
Shackelford was a lawyer, merchant and landowner in Glasgow, MO, and president and a stockholder of the Glasgow Savings Bank.
Spencer, George A. (1906-1997), Papers, 1931-1963, (C2466)
4.6 cubic feet
Correspondence, publicity, and legislative papers of a Boone County, MO, Democrat. Spencer's election campaigns and positions as city attorney, prosecuting attorney, and state representative and senator, and candidacy for Democratic nomination for attorney general. Activities of the Columbia, MO, Chamber of Commerce.
State Historical Society of Missouri, Audio Cassette Collection, 1976-2000, (C3963)
0.3 linear feet, 34 audio cassettes
The State Historical Society of Missouri Audio Cassette Collection is a collection of miscellaneous interviews, lectures, and speeches collected over the years.
State Historical Society of Missouri, Typescript Collection, (C0995)
774 items on 14 rolls of microfilm
The State Historical Society of Missouri Typescript Collection consists of typescripts of articles and manuscripts donated over the years to the Historical Society.
State of Missouri Collection, (P0018)
Over 400 original photos created for the 1904 publication on Missouri at the time of the World's Fair by Walter Williams; shows all aspects and counties in Missouri.
The Missouri Collection, (C3982)
The Missouri Collection is an artificial collection combining miscellaneous small acquisitions related to Missouri places, individuals, organizations, and events.
Triplett, John E. M., Papers, 1882-1920, (C2213)
Chattel mortgage for stock and farm machinery to Triplett of Triplett, Chariton County, MO, from Jeff Pennington, Carroll County, MO, 5 August 1899, and thirty-eight promissory notes to Triplett.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, "Church Bibliography, Baptist Bodies of Missouri, Associational Minutes," 1941, (C1312)
The collection contains a list of the various Baptist associations in Missouri and the dates for which their records are in existence.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, Historical Records Survey, Missouri, 1935-1942, (C3551)
302 linear feet; also available on 817 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, records, and working files. Originally designed to survey and inventory all county government records, the survey finally included inventories of church records, manuscript collections, vital statistics, American imprints, and federal archives. Incorporates records of the Federal Writers Project for Missouri.
van Ravenswaay, Charles (1911-1990), Papers, 1841-1990, (C3873)
21.8 linear feet, 1 audio cassette
Correspondence, research notes, photographs, and literary manuscripts of historian and author Charles van Ravenswaay, former director of the Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis; Old Sturbridge Village, Sturbridge, Massachusetts; and the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum and Gardens, Wilmington, Delaware.
Vaughan, Isaac P. (1816-1895), Diploma, 1837, (C1851)
The collection contains a diploma in medicine from the University of Pennsylvania. Vaughan practiced medicine in Glasgow, MO, from 1839 until 1864.
Wagner, G.O., Account Books, 1851-1860, (C1284)
Accounts of a Glasgow, MO, merchant.
Weston Bank of Missouri, Books, 1859-1878, (C2320)
Records of the Glasgow branch of Weston Bank of Missouri.