Buchanan County was organized in 1838. The county seat is Sparta. The collections listed below deal in some manner with Buchanan County. This list is not comprehensive, so be sure to browse collection descriptions by subject.
*Collections marked with DIGITIZED MATERIALS have additional digitized items available.
Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service Aerial Photographs, (P0335)
107.5 linear feet
Missouri county aerial photographs produced by the Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service.
Alfred Fenton and Brother Records, 1849-1884 (K0062)
The records of Alfred Fenton and Brother contain day books and ledgers for their mercantile business in Rushville, Buchanan County, Missouri, with information on the hemp industry, including data on volume and prices.
Boggs, Lilburn W., (1792-1860), Papers, 1838-1839, (C1753)
Acts of the General Assembly during the administration of Governor Boggs, concerning organization and boundaries of Clark, Buchanan, Grundy and Platte Counties, declaration of Ni-chi-ne-ba-to-na River as a navigable stream; and payment for services of grand jurors.
Boyd, John R., Handbill, n.d., (C2832)
Handbill addressed to the men of Buchanan and adjoining counties, calling for men to fight against Fremont.
Breckenridge, William Clark (1862-1927), Papers, 1752-1927, (C1036)
4.75 linear feet, 21 volumes, 3 rolls of microfilm
The papers of the St. Louis businessman, writer, and historian contain correspondence, scrapbooks, book sale announcements, and miscellaneous materials, with an emphasis on St. Louis and Missouri history.
Brouster, George Washington, (1830-1887), Letters, 1850-1851, (C1832)
Letters written by Brouster to his family in St. Louis County, MO, while on an overland trip to the California gold fields in 1850 and while mining for gold in various parts of California.
Zwick Family, Papers, 1860-1965, (C4199)
0.25 cubic feet (6 folders)
The Zwick family papers are composed of photographs, correspondence, financial documents and genealogical information on the Zwick family.
Central Overland California and Pike's Peak Express Company Contract, 1860, (C1869)
Contract between the company and the citizens of St. Joseph, MO, by which the citizens of St. Joseph provide offices and lands to the express company as part of the agreement for mail services.
Civil War Scrapbook, Missouri, 1823-1868, (C1379)
The papers contain a collection of newspaper clippings on Missouri, 1823-1868, from New York and Boston newspapers, primarily the New York Daily Tribune. Most of the items pertain to the Civil War in Missouri, 1861-1862, and include maps and diagrams of the war in the west.
Corby Family, Papers, 1804-1905 (C0086)
0.8 linear feet
Papers of a pioneer St. Joseph, MO, family: deeds, bills of sale for slaves, tax receipts, legal papers, stock certificates, Pony Express bills; and material on early St. Louis area. Record book of the Mercantile Company, 1856; bank book, 1861-1869; volume of clippings concerning St. Joseph, 1881-1903.
Crowley, Conrad and Elizabeth, Deed of Trust, 1853, (C1984)
For sale of land in Buchanan County, MO, to John and Thomas Curd.
Culver, Romulus E., (1810-1847), Papers, 1846-1886, (C2612)
The papers of Romulus E. Culver contain letters from Culver, who marched with Doniphan in the Mexican War, from the New Mexico Territory, and from individuals gathering information about Culver's death at the hands of Mexican insurgents in Mora, NM. Also included are miscellaneous documents, an interview with William Matney, and receipts.
Davis, True (1919- ), Campaign Newspaper, 1968, (C3341)
A paid political advertisement, ""The True Davis Story"" aimed at informing Missourians about Davis' background, experience, and political reputation during his 1968 campaign for Democratic nomination for U.S. senator from Missouri. The paper also gives Davis' views of the major campaign issues.
Doniphan, Alexander, W., Letter, 1856, (C1942)
The papers contain a letter from Doniphan of Liberty, Missouri, to his nephew John, on December 15, 1856, concerning business and banking opportunities in Liberty, Weston, and St. Joseph.
Farmers' and Mechanics' Savings Institution, St. Joseph, Missouri, Stock Certificates, 1858-1861, (C1985)
Shares of stock in a St. Joseph institution.
France-McDonald Family, Papers, (CA6245)
1.8 cubic feet
The papers of a St. Joseph, Missouri, family include the correspondence of Charles B. France (1900-1928), Gladys France, Albert France, and Sara France Pratt, as well as miscellaneous France and McDonald family material. Much of the correspondence is written by Charles B. France from Paris in the 1920s.
Gray, George, Collection, (P0463)
Photos of Pony Express mural by George Gray and its unveiling by Eleanor Roosevelt, 1938, at the Robidoux Hotel in St. Joseph. Drawing of Ft. Leavenworth. Photo of the artist.
Guitar, Sarah (1892-1963), Collection, n.d., (C3391)
1.5 cubic feet, 5 card boxes
Card file compiled by Sarah Guitar, reference librarian of the State Historical Society of Missouri, as a guide to county boundaries of Missouri, 1812-1929; Missouri congressional district boundaries, 1845-1933; Missouri senatorial districts, 1820-1931; and Missouri judicial circuits, 1815-1915.
Guitar, Sarah (1892-1963), Papers, 1931-1944, (C3563)
1.2 linear feet
Correspondence and miscellaneous information on Missouri compiled by Guitar during her employment, under the direction of Floyd C. Shoemaker, as Reference Librarian for the State Historical Society of Missouri. Includes one card box of reference notes.
James, David A. (1937- ) Papers, 1790-2008, (C4126)
5 cubic feet
The research material of a hotel management instructor whose work resulted in the publication Historic Hotels of Missouri: Hotels, Inns, and Taverns of 19th Century Missouri.
Jones, Herbert S., "Missouri--O Promised Land, "1960, (C2721)
Migration of Bays, McKee and Blue families to St. Joseph, MO, in the 1830s, and their descendants to 1960.
Lee, Richard L. (1925-2011), County Courthouse Photographs, ca. 1955, (P0003)
The collection includes photographs of county courthouses for the state of Missouri, taken in the mid-twentieth century by Richard L. Lee.
Marsh, Elias Joseph, Diary, 1859, (C2599)
Account of a journey to the northern reaches of the Missouri River. Describes the departure, route, passengers, river currents, fur trappers, Indians, prairie country, Mormon camp, Sioux City, the wilderness, Fort Pierre Chouteau, hunting and wildlife, Fort Berthold, Fort Union, and Yellowstone River.
McClain, Charles M., Postcard Collection, (P0539)
23 postcards of Missouri scenes, including the Ozarks, Paseo in Kansas City, Warrenton, Troy, Hannibal, St. Louis, St. Joseph, Nevada, and Russellville.
Miller, George C., Photograph Collection, (P0081)
1974 color photo of Conley House, Columbia, MO. 2 b/w fashion photos, a wedding dress and "ornate" gown. B/w cabinet card of two unnamed children from St. Joseph, MO.
Missouri Association of the Future Farmers of America, Records, 1928-1980, (C3644)
4 reels (2 folders, 3 volumes, 16 scrapbooks), 1 filmstrip
Records of the state organization of affiliated high school FFA chapters. Papers include constitution and bylaws, applications for and articles of incorporation, minutes of meetings, and scrapbooks on state and local chapter activities.
Missouri Ex-POWs Oral History Project, Records, 2000-, (C3975)
Interviews with ex-prisoners of war (POWs). The records include audio cassettes and transcripts.
Missouri Extension Homemakers Association, Inc., "Sacred Stones and Stained Glass Windows," Project, 1977-1980, (C3723)
7.1 cubic feet
Statewide documentation of local churches by county. Includes cultural arts reports, church histories, floor plans, architectural details, clippings, slides, photographs, and miscellany.
Missouri Place Names Study, 1927-1928 (C3459)
0.6 linear feet
Correspondence, term papers, and information collected by graduate students at the University of Missouri during a study of the origin and history of place names in forty-two Missouri counties.
Missouri, St. Joseph. Public Schools Certificate, 1869, (C1987)
Promotion to second grade of Willie Gillmore.
Missouri, St. Joseph, Urban Renewal Project, 1952-1982, (C4170)
0.6 cubic feet (22 folders)
Correspondence, maps, clippings, architectural drawings, and economic data concerning urban renewal in St. Joseph, Missouri.
Mitchell, Ewing Young, Jr. (1873-1954), Papers, 1840-1949 (C1041)
0.4 linear feet
Papers of a Springfield, Missouri, lawyer active in Democratic Party politics, who served as assistant secretary of commerce in Franklin Roosevelt's first administration. Material concerns family affairs, law practice with emphasis on county indebtedness, Ozark land speculation, and Democratic politics on the state and national levels.
Morrow, Lynn, Collection, 1982-ca. 2010, (R1000)
296 folders, 7 cubic feet
These are the correspondence and research files of a Missouri historian. Topics include history, personages, architecture, culture, and folklore, particularly of the Ozarks region of Missouri, but also areas in the central and northern parts of the state. The papers include wide-ranging correspondence concerning research into and publication of the 19th century historical writings of Theodore P. Russell of Iron County and Silas C. Turnbo of southwest Missouri. The collection also includes a large selection of promotional publications and ephemera associated with late 20th century tourism in Missouri and Arkansas.
Obear, Bryan (1855- ), Collection, 1911-1918, (C1387)
0.4 linear feet
Biographical sketches, reminiscences, and photographs of the Obear, Bryan and McIlvaine families compiled by Bryan Obear. Also includes brief biographies and photographs of Sloman Browne and Charles G. McHatton.
Overland Mail Centennial Scrapbook, 1958, (C3457)
Clippings, photographs, brochures, and miscellaneous records which marked the hundredth anniversary of the first overland stage route in the U.S.
Owens, Herbert A., Papers, (CA5977)
Tax receipts, abstracts, financial records, insurance papers, and business correspondence of the St. Joseph, Missouri resident. Dating from the 1880s through 1940s.
Patee, John, Deed, 1860, (C1868)
Deed of John Patee to Bela M. Hughes of the Pony Express stable sites in St. Joseph, MO, May 5, 1860. From the Buchanan County, MO, recorder's office.
Patee, John, Lease, 1864, (C1983)
Lease to Ed Russell for land in St. Joseph, MO.
Pony Express, Commemorative Envelope, 1950, (C1883)
The papers contain an envelope addressed to Floyd C. Shoemaker on the 90th anniversary of the Pony Express, St. Joseph to Sacramento.
Pope, Elizabeth Lar, (1773- ), Letter, 1875, (C1627)
To Daniel Sullivan, St. Joseph, MO, from Plattsburg, MO, Aug. 16, 1875. Mrs. Pope regretted she could not attend the Old Settlers' reunion. Sketch of her life; early settlers in Kentucky; Daniel Boone and Abraham Lincoln; and Indian difficulties in Kentucky.
Presbytery of Missouri, Minutes, 1920-1943, (C1353)
0.2 linear feet
The records contain official copies of minutes of the Presbytery of Missouri. Minutes for 1920-1939 are bound; others are in pamphlet form.
Presbytery of Missouri Records, 1817-1920, (C1354)
1.4 linear feet, 6 oversize volumes
The records of the Presbytery of Missouri contain minutes, reports, and other records of an organization composed of ministers and representative elders of Presbyterian churches in Missouri. Volumes 1-6 have been microfilmed. Volume 7 is available onsite. See also collection C1353.
Ramsay Place Names File 1928-1945, (C2366)
12 cubic feet
Card file of origins of Missouri place names, compiled by students of Robert L. Ramsay, University of Missouri professor of English.
Rice, Mr. and Mrs. Harry, Postcard Collection, (P0497)
Postcards of Missouri scenes: St. Joseph, Gallatin, Lebanon, Slater, Maryville, Branson, Jefferson City, Sedalia, St. Louis, and Kansas City.
Riordan, John J., Papers, (CA6152)
4 linear feet
Personal and business papers of Tarkio (MO) veterinarian John Joseph Riordan. Riordan served with the American Expeditionary Force in Europe from 1917 to 1920. Records of the Missouri Valley Silver Fox Corporation, operated in St. Joseph by Riordan during the early 1930s; records pertaining to Riordan's veterinarian practices in Fillmore and Tarkio; correspondence written to his family from Camp Lee (VA), Camp Sheridan (AL), and Europe; diary, photographs, correspondence, manuscript drafts and ephemera related to Riordan's personal narrative: Horses, Mules, and Remounts: The Memoirs of a World War I Veterinary Officer.
Robidoux, Joseph, Deed, 1851, (C1986)
Deed for land in St, Joseph, MO.
Rupe, James F., Collection, 1885-1943, (C3463)
0.8 cubic feet
Records of Dr. James F. Rupe of Clay County, Missouri, including ledgers; account books, Paradise, Missouri, Christian Church treasurer's books; two warranty deeds; and four diplomas, including his diploma from medical college in St. Joseph, Missouri, in 1886, and photographs.
Schwake, Sara Gibson, Postcard Collection, (P0040)
Missouri postcards, including views of Kansas City, St. Joseph, St. Louis, Independence, ice flows on the Mississippi River, and the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition.
Skinner, Mrs. Bradley, Postcard Collection, (P0549)
Postcards, the bulk of which depict Higginsville and Odessa. Additional postcards of St. Louis, Butler, Central Methodist University, Schell City, Joplin, and St. Joseph.
Spencer, George A. (1906-1997), Papers, 1931-1963, (C2466)
4.6 cubic feet
Correspondence, publicity, and legislative papers of a Boone County, MO, Democrat. Spencer's election campaigns and positions as city attorney, prosecuting attorney, and state representative and senator, and candidacy for Democratic nomination for attorney general. Activities of the Columbia, MO, Chamber of Commerce.
St. Joseph Auditorium Company Share, 1904, (C1981)
Share issued to James Knotts.
St. Joseph Typographical Union No. 40, St. Joseph, Missouri, Records, (CA5806)
7 linear feet
Records of a labor union of typographical workers, consisting of correspondence, financial reports, meeting minutes, contracts and agreements, convention materials, and miscellaneous, 1905-1980s.
State of Missouri Collection, (P0018)
Over 400 original photos created for the 1904 publication on Missouri at the time of the World's Fair by Walter Williams; shows all aspects and counties in Missouri.
Tate, James A., (1795-1849), Diary, 1849, (C2720)
Travel by wagon train to California gold mines. Diary records agricultural conditions, mileage, and travel conditions. Few place names or comments. Little mention of the gold rush itself. Biographical material in information folder. See also collection 174, Tate, Family Papers, 1786-1871.
Thompson, Meriwether Jeff (1826-1876), Bulletin, 1857, (C3208)
Bulletin listing city and county property that M. Jeff Thompson, general land agent at St. Joseph, MO, will sell or trade, 1 April 1857.
Travel Account of Journey from Indiana to Washington, ca. 1850, (C3415)
The collection contains a copy of an unidentified woman's account of the journey from Indiana to Washington. The copy was made about 1925-1930 and includes a record of the weather, environment, illnesses, encounters with Indians, territory covered each day, lists of provisions, and charges and expenses kept by George Royse.
U.S. Selective Service System, Missouri, Records, 1917-1918, (C2681)
445 folders negative Photostats, 8.7 cubic feet
Lists of persons by county and district selective service boards whose cards were held by those boards. Arranged alphabetically by county.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, "Church Bibliography, Baptist Bodies of Missouri, Associational Minutes," 1941, (C1312)
The collection contains a list of the various Baptist associations in Missouri and the dates for which their records are in existence.
U.S. Work Projects Administration, Historical Records Survey, Missouri, 1935-1942, (C3551)
302 linear feet; also available on 817 rolls of microfilm
Correspondence, records, and working files. Originally designed to survey and inventory all county government records, the survey finally included inventories of church records, manuscript collections, vital statistics, American imprints, and federal archives. Incorporates records of the Federal Writers Project for Missouri.
Wisconsin Company of Gold Seekers, Roster, 1849, (C3512)
The papers contain a list of 26 men who left St. Joseph, Missouri, on 19 April 1849 to seek gold in California.
Withers, Ethel Massie, Scrapbook, ca. 1916, (C1440)
0.3 linear feet
The Ethel Massie Withers Scrapbook is an album of photographic copies of lantern slides used to illustrate the Missouri Daughters of the American Revolution lecture, Pioneering in Missouri, 1916. The scrapbook also includes a copy of the lecture, written by Ethel Massie Withers, with explanations of the photographs. The lantern slides are located in the Editorial Department of the State Historical Society of Missouri.