American Civil War in Missouri

Saline County, Missouri

Saline County, MissouriDate of Organization: November 25, 1820

County Population in 1850: 6,124
County Slave Population in 1850: 2,719

County Population in 1860: 9,823
County Slave Population in 1860: 4,876

County Population in 1870: 21,672


Saline County Institutions

Arrow Rock State Historic Site
Saline County Historical Society

Newspaper Collections

Marshall Democrat
Marshall Saline County Progress



Manuscript Collections

  • McRoberts, A.J., Papers, 1859-1876 (C0375)
  • Elvira Ascenith Weir Scott, Diary 1860-1887 (C1053)
  • McKown, John D., Papers, 1851-1897 (C2335)
  • Audsley, Francis F. (1835-1922) and Harriet Elizabeth (1840-1924), Papers, 1862-1912 (C2374)
  • Spengler Family, Papers, 1850-1870 (C4034)
  • Washburne Family, Papers, 1825-1900 (C4047)
  • Actions, Skirmishes, and Battles

    March 7-10, 1862 – Operations in Saline County involving Boonville Battalion State Militia Cavalry (Company A).
    March 15, 1862 – Skirmish near Marshall involving a detachment of recruits.
    March 16, 1862 – Skirmish near Marshall involving the Boonville Battalion State Militia Cavalry (Company A).
    May 25-28, 1862 – Operations about Miami involving Missouri’s 7th Cavalry.
    July 29, 1862 – Skirmish at Arrow Rock involving Missouri’s 6th State Militia Cavalry (Companies B, D, & E).
    July 29-August 2, 1862 – Operations in Saline County involving a detachment of Missouri’s 6th State Militia.
    September 26, 1862 – Skirmish at Cambridge involving Missouri’s 9th State Militia Cavalry (Company E).
    October 12, 1862 – Skirmish at Arrow Rock
    October 13, 1862 – Action at Arrow Rock involving Missouri’s 1st, 4th (Companies A, B, E, & F), and 7th State Militia Cavalry alongside Missouri’s 5th (Companies D & E) and 9th Enrolled Militia.
    July 28, 1863 – Skirmish at Marshall involving Missouri’s 4th State Militia Cavalry.
    July 30, 1863 – Skirmish near Marshall.
    July 30, 1863 – Skirmish in Saline County involving Missouri’s 1st and 4th State Militia Cavalry.
    October 13, 1863 – Action at Marshall involving Missouri’s 1st, 4th (Companies A, B, E, & F) and 7th State Militia Cavalry alongside Missouri’s 5th (Companies D & E) and 9th Enrolled Militia and 1st State Militia Battery Light Artillery.
    June 7, 1864 – Raid at New Frankfort involving Missouri citizens.
    June 26, 1864 – Affair at Marshall Road involving Missouri’s 4th State Militia Cavalry (Company E).
    July 20, 1864 – Attack at Arrow Rock involving Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry alongside Citizen Guard.
    August 7, 1864 – Skirmish at Arrow Rock involving a detachment of Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry.
    August 13, 1864 – Skirmish in Saline County involving Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry (Company H).
    August 13-22, 1864 – Operations in Saline County involving Colorado’s 2nd Cavalry alongside Missouri’s 1st and 4th State Militia Cavalry.
    August 15, 1864 – Skirmish in Saline County involving Missouri’s 4th State Militia Cavalry (Company C).
    September 23, 1864 – Skirmish on the Arrow Rock Road involving Missouri’s 7th State Militia Cavalry.
    April 24, 1865 – Skirmish at Miami involving Wisconsin’s 48th Infantry (Company A).