American Civil War in Missouri

Lafayette County, Missouri

Lafayette County, MissouriDate of Organization: November 16, 1820

County Population in 1850: 9,075
County Slave Population in 1850: 4,615

County Population in 1860: 13,556
County Slave Population in 1860: 6,374

County Population in 1870: 22,623

Lafayette County Institutions

Confederate Memorial State Historic Site
Battle of Lexington State Historic Site



Newspaper Collections

Lexington Missouri Valley Register

Manuscript Collections

  • Brannock, Lizzie E., Letter, 1864 (C0224)
  • Civil War Letter, 1862 (C0511)
  • Hockaday, Isaac, Letters, 1861 (C2728)
  • Washburne Family, Papers, 1825-1900 (C4047)
  • Books

    My Experiences in the War 1861 to 1865 : or, A Little Autobiography
      by: Ai Edgar Asbury

    The Battle of Lexington : the Official Records of Both Parties to the Conflict
      by: Printed for the Lexington Historical Society

    Actions, Skirmishes, and Battles

    August 28, 1861 – Skirmish at Lexington involving Missouri’s Home Guard.
    September 11, 1861 – Defence of Lexington involving Illinois’s 1st Cavalry and Illinois’ 23rd Infantry.
    September 13-20, 1861 – Siege of Lexington involving Illinois’ 1st Cavalry and 23rd Infantry alongside Missouri’s Berry’s and Van Horn’s Cavalry Battalions, Missouri’s 8th, 25th and 27th Infantries and Missouri’s 13th and 14th Home Guard Cavalries.
    September 20, 1861 – Surrender of Lexington involving Illinois’ 1st Cavalry and 23rd Infantry alongside Missouri’s Berry’s and Van Horn’s Cavalry Battalions, Missouri’s 8th, 25th and 27th Infantries and Missouri’s 13th and 14th Home Guard Cavalries.
    October 16, 1861 – Action at Lexington involving Illinois’ Irish Dragoons and 23rd Infantry alongside Missouri’s 1st Cavalry (Companies C & L).
    January 2-12, 1862 – Operations in Lafayette County involving Kansas’ 1st Cavalry.
    March 10, 1862 – Skirmish at Lexington involving Iowa’s 1st Cavalry (detachments of Companies B & D).
    April 1, 1862 – Skirmish at Little Sni involving detachments of Missouri’s 1st Cavalry and Boonville Battalion State Militia Cavalry.
    May 25-28, 1862 – Operations about Waverly involving Missouri’s 7th Cavalry.
    October 17, 1862 – Skirmish at Lexington involving Missouri’s 6th State Militia Cavalry.
    November 26-29, 1862 – Affairs in Lafayette County involving a detachment of Missouri’s State Militia Cavalry alongside Missouri’s 1nd Battalion State Militia Cavalry, Missouri’s 5th Enrolled Militia, and Lafayette and Ray Enrolled Militia.
    May 4, 1863 – Operations about Lexington involving Missouri’s 4th State Militia Cavalry.
    June 1, 1863 – Affair at Waverly involving Missouri’s 4th State Militia Cavalry (Companies B & C).
    June 17, 1863 – Skirmish near Wellington involving Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry.
    July 30, 1863 – Skirmish near Lexington involving Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry (Companies C, I, & K).
    August 14, 1863 – Skirmish near Wellington involving a detachment of Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry.
    November 4, 1863 – Skirmish near Lexington involving a detachment of Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry.
    February 22, 1864 – Skirmish at Lexington involving Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry.
    June 14, 1864 – Skirmish at Lexington involving Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry (Companies F & I).
    June 14, 1864 – Skirmish in Lafayette County involving a detachment of Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry.
    July 8, 1864 – Skirmish at Wellington involving Missouri’s 7th State Militia Cavalry.
    July 9-13, 1864 – Operations near Wellington involving a detachment of Missouri’s 7th State Militia Cavalry.
    July 20-30, 1864 – Operations in Lafayette County involving Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry (Company E).
    July 30, 1864 – Skirmish at Chapel Hill involving Missouri’s 7th State Militia Cavalry (Company K).
    August 13-22, 1864 – Operations in Lafayette County involving Colorado’s 2nd Cavalry alongside Missouri’s 1st and 4th State Militia Cavalries.
    August 19, 1864 – Skirmish near Lexington involving Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry (Company A).
    August 22, 1864 – Skirmish at The Tabo involving Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry.
    August 22-30, 1864 – Operations in Lafayette County involving Missouri’s 7th State Militia Cavalry.
    September 10, 1864 – Skirmish at Dover.
    September 18, 1864 – Skirmish near Lexington involving a detachment of Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry.
    October 17, 1864 – Skirmish near Lexington involving Colorado’s 2nd Cavalry (Companies C, E, G, K, & L) and Kansas’ 16th Cavalry (Companies H, K & L).
    October 19, 1864 – Action at Lexington involving Colorado’s 2nd Cavalry, Kansas’ 5th, 11th, and 15th Cavalries, Missouri’s 5th State Militia Cavalry, and Wisconsin’s 3rd Cavalry.
    October 20, 1864 – Skirmish at Dover involving Arkansas’ 2nd Cavalry alongside Missouri’s 6th State Militia Cavalry.
    January 11, 1865 – Skirmish at Lexington involving a detachment of Missouri’s 1st State Militia Cavalry.
    January 30, 1865 – Skirmish in Lafayette County.
    May 4, 1865 – Skirmish at Lexington involving a detachment of Missouri’s 43rd Infantry.