American Civil War in Missouri

Chariton County, Missouri

Chariton County, MissouriDate of Organization: November 16, 1820

County Population in 1850: 5,736
County Slave Population in 1850:1,778

County Population in 1860: 9,723
County Slave Population in 1860: 2,839

County Population in 1870: 19,136


Chariton County Institutions

Chariton County Historical Society and Museum
Sterling Price Museum








Manuscript Collections

  • Overland Diary, 1857 (C0413)
  • Schrader, William Henry (1844-1921), Reminiscences, n.d. (C1519)
  • Benecke Family, Papers, 1816-1989 (C3825)
  • Hill, William E. and Bettie Redding, Letters, 1851, 1865-1866 (C3831)
  • Chariton County Historical Society Photographs
  • Sterling Price Museum Photographs
  • Actions, Skirmishes, and Battles

    September 19, 1861 – Skirmish at Glasgow involving Indiana’s 18th and 22nd Infantries.
    February 17, 1862 – Skirmish at Keytesville involving Missouri’s Bowen’s Battalion Cavalry.
    February 25, 1862 – Skirmish at Keytesville involving Missouri’s 6th Cavalry.
    August 10, 1862 – Skirmish at Switzler’s Mill involving Missouri’s 2nd Cavalry.
    August 13, 1862 – Skirmish at Yellow Creek.
    July 12, 1863 – Skirmish at Switzler’s Mill involving a detachment of Missouri’s 9th State Militia Cavalry.
    April 11, 1864 – Affair in Chariton County involving a detachment of Missouri’s 9th State Militia Cavalry.
    July 30, 1864 – Skirmish at Chariton Road near Keytesville involving a detachment of Missouri’s 35th Enrolled Militia.
    September 6, 1864 – Affair at Brunswick involving Missouri’s 35th Enrolled Militia.
    September 20, 1864 – Surrender at Keytesville involving Missouri’s 35th Enrolled Militia (Detachment of Company I).
    October 11, 1864 – Skirmish at Brunswick involving Missouri’s 43rd Infantry.
    October 14, 1864 – Skirmish near Glasgow involving Misosuri’s 7th State Militia Cavalry.
    October 15, 1864 – Action at Glasgow involving Illinois’ 17th Cavalry with Missouri’s 13th Cavalry, Missouri’s 9th State Militia Cavalry, and Missouri’s 43rd Infantry alongside the United States 62nd Colored Infantry.
    October 26, 1864 – Action at Glasgow.
    January 10, 1865 – Skirmish at Glasgow involving Missouri’s 9th State Militia Cavalry (Company G) alongside Missouri’s 43rd Enrolled Militia (Company F).
    February 24, 1865 – Affair at Switzler’s Mill.
    May 27, 1865 – Skirmish in Chariton County involving Missouri’s Keytesville Militia.
    May 27, 1865 – Skirmish at Switzler’s Mill involving Missouri’s Roanoke Militia.